Kharada, Kharaḍa: 5 definitions


Kharada means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)

Kharaḍa (खरड, “lowest”) is given as an example for “names derived from physical characteristics” (sarīra): a kind of rule when deriving personal names for men, mentioned in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning kharaḍa) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kharaḍa (खरड).—f (kharaḍaṇēṃ) A hurriedly written or drawn piece; a scrawl; a mere tracing or rude sketch. 2 Vehement reviling or abusing. v kāḍha g. of o. nigha g. of s. 3 The ashes and earth which gather about an ingot of metal during its formation. So called because to be detached they must be scraped off.

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kharaḍā (खरडा).—m (kharaḍaṇēṃ) Scrapings (as from a culinary utensil). 2 Bruised or coarsely broken peppercorns &c.: a mass of bruised mēthyā &c. 3 also kharaḍēṃ n A scrawl; a memorandum-scrap; a foul, blotted, interlined piece of writing. 4 also kharaḍēṃ n A rude sketch; a rough draught; a foul copy; a waste-book; a day-book; a note-book. 5 A spotted and rough and ill-shaped pearl: also the roughness or knobbiness of such pearls. 6 A variety of musk-melon. 7 Heat in stomach and bowels during small-pox, measles &c. 8 A leopard. 9 C Small but full heads of rice. 10 Grass so short as to require grubbing or rubbing up. 11 A medicament consisting of levigated or pounded (nutmeg, or anise-seed, or muraḍaśēṅgā &c.) fried in clarified butter. It is given to check diarrhœa. 12 Reduced state, i. e. such scantiness as to demand scraping. v lāga, paḍa. Ex. pāṇyācā kha0 lāgalā or paḍalā The water (of the well &c.) is so scanty that it must be scraped up (with a narēṭī &c.) dhānyālā kha0 lāgalā; paikyālā kha0 lāgalā. kharaḍēṃ ghāsaṇēṃ To fag at the desk; to drive the quill. 2 (With implication of indifference.) To write: answering to To pen it; to scribble away &c.

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kharāḍa (खराड).—m (Imit.) A loud cracking, crashing, tearing, grating, rattling.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kharaḍa (खरड).—f A scrawl. Fig. Vehement abusing.

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kharaḍā (खरडा).—m Scrapings. A scrawl; a rough draught. Reduced state.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kharada in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kharāda (खराद):—(nm) a lathe; ~[diyā] a turner; —[para caḍhānā] to turn on a lathe; to reform.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Kharaḍa (खरड) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Lip.

2) Kharaḍa (खरड) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kharaṭa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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