Khanjaka, Khañjaka: 9 definitions


Khanjaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Khañjaka (खञ्जक) refers to a class of songs (dhrūva) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 32.394-395:—“At the entrance of middling characters the dhruvā should be of the druta-vilambita class, and in case of inferior characters it should be of the natkuṭā and khañjaka classes. The khañjaka and natkuṭa will be for bringing joy to the occasion. Why is it so? Because these two belong to comic and erotic sentiments”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

1) Khañjaka (खञ्जक) refers to a common name for all kinds of the mātrā-vṛttas (Jātis), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.

2) Khañjaka (खञ्जक) also refers to a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards).—Khañjaka has 23 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 3, 3, 4, 4, 4, 3 and [S] mātrās.

3) Khañjaka (खञ्जक) is also the name of a antarasama-catuṣpadi metre (also known as Ardhasama).—Khañjaka is made up of 9 and 11 mātrās in their odd and even lines respectively.

Source: Language of the Snakes (chandas)

Khañjaka (खञ्जक) refers to verses made up of rhyming quarters of 13 moras each (with the rhythm at the end).

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Khañjaka (खञ्जक).—a. Limping, lame.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khañjaka (खञ्जक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Lame, limping. E. khaji to limp, affix vun.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khañjaka (खञ्जक):—[from khañj] mfn. limping, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khañjaka (खञ्जक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a. Idem.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Khanjaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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