Khandhaka, Khandhakā: 5 definitions


Khandhaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The name given to a portion of the Vinaya Pitaka. This is generally further divided into two parts,

the Mahavagga

the Cullavagga

It contains an attempt to give a coherent picture of the whole legal life of the Sangha, with detailed and connected accounts of the admission thereto, the ceremony of the uposatha, the annually recurring observances connected with the rainy season, etc. An account is given, in the case of each regulation, of the occasion on which it was formulated by the Buddha. The separate chapters are arranged in chronological order, and are intended to present a connected account of ecclesiastical history from the time of the Enlightenment of the Buddha down to that of the Second Council, convened one hundred years after the death of the Buddha. (See Oldenberg, Vinaya Pitaka I., Introd., xxii.f.; Law, Pali Lit., i.14f).

In many ways the Khandhaka, resemble the Sutta Vibhanga of the Vinaya, but while in the case of the Vibhanga the stories were added later to an original basis of regulations, the Patimokkha, in that of the Khandhaka the regulations and the stories were contemporary.

The Khandhakas consist of eighty bhanavaras (DA.i.13), and are divided into twenty two chapters, ten in the Mahavagga and twelve in the Cullavagga. Each chapter is called a khandhaka. Thus, the first chapter is the Mahakhandaka; the second, the Uposathakhandhaka, and so on.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Khandhaka in Jainism glossary
Source: Tessitori Collection I

Khandhaka (खन्धक) or Khandhaka is the name of an ancient Jain Hero (who followed Mahāvīra’s example), according to the Samatārasa manuscript (dealing with the Ethics section of Jain Canonical literature), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Khandhaka or Kaṇtaka or Kaṇḍaka is the name of a cetiya that formed a principal part of the Cetiyapabbata Vihāra: a locality that once existed in the ancient kingdom of Anurādhapura, Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—Kaṇtaka or Kaṇḍaka Cetiya, built during or soon after thereign of Devānaṃpiya Tissa (B.C. 247-207). Round the Kaṇtaka Cetiya were 68 rock-caves and 32 mālakas constructed by Devānaṃpiya Tissa. Lañjatissa (B.C. 119-110) made a stone mantling for the Khandhaka or Kaṇṭaka Cetiya. In a 2nd century inscription in situ, it is called Kaṭaka-ceta. Mahādāṭhikamahānāga (7-19) held a great festival which became known as the Giribhaṇḍa festival. Udaya I (797-801) restored Giribhaṇḍa Vihāra. In the Mihintale tablets of Mahinda IV (956-972) it is called Kiribaṇḍpavu dāgāba. Its modern name is Kiribat Vehera.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Khandhaka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

khandhaka : (m.) a division or chapter.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Khandhaka, (fr. khandha) division, chapter, esp. in the Vinaya (at end of each division we find usually the postscript: so & so khandhakaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ “here ends the chapter of ... ”); in cpd. °vatta, i.e. duties or observances specified in the v. khandha or chapter of the Vinaya which deals with these duties Vism. 12, 101 (cp. Vin. II, 231), 188. (Page 234)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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