Khadyota, Khadyotā, Kha-dyota: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Khadyota means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Khadyota in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Khadyota (खद्योत) refers to the “glow worm”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.27 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “[...] Handing over a gold coin you wish to buy a piece of glass. Setting aside the pure sandal paste you wish to smear mud over your body. Unmindful of the sunlight you wish to have the light of the glow worm [i.e., khadyota-dyuti]. Throwing away the fine China silk you wish to wear the hide. Discarding the life at home you yearn for a life in the forest, O madam, throwing away excellent treasure you wish a piece of iron in return? [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Khadyota (खद्योत).—A stage in which Īśvara roamed like insect during night of Brahmā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 9; 32. 78.

2) Khadyotā (खद्योता).—One of the Eastern entrances of the city of Purañjana, allegorically the left eye.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 25. 47; 29. 10.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Khadyota (खद्योत) refers to a “glow worm”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Having examined the treatises of Garga, Parāśara, Asita, Devala and many others on Ketus, I now proceed to give a clear account of the same. The reappearance or disappearance of the Ketus is not subject to astronomical calculations. The Ketus are of three kinds—celestial, etherial and terrestrial. Ketus are luminous appearances resembling fíre but without the power to consume objects—the glow worm [i.e., khadyota], certain phosphorescent appearances, gems, precious stones and the like excepted”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Khadyota (खद्योत) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Khadyota).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Khadyota (खद्योत) is the name of a commentary (on the Gaṇapatisahasranāma) on the topic of Mantraśāstra ascribed to Bhāskararāya (C. 1685-1775 C.E.), a polymath of who composed around forty works covering the subjects of vedānta, mīmāṃsā, vyākaraṇa, nyāya, prosody, kāvya, smṛti, mantraśāstra, Vedic literature. Also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XVII. pp. 133-135.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

khadyōta (खद्योत).—m S A firefly, Elater noctilucus.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

khadyōta (खद्योत).—m A firefly.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Khadyota (खद्योत).—

1) a firefly; खद्योतालीविलसितनिभां विद्युदुन्मेषदृष्टिम् (khadyotālīvilasitanibhāṃ vidyudunmeṣadṛṣṭim) Meghadūta 83.

2) the sun.

Derivable forms: khadyotaḥ (खद्योतः).

Khadyota is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kha and dyota (द्योत).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khadyota (खद्योत).—m.

(-taḥ) 1. A fire-fly. 2. The sun. E. kha the sky, and dyota what is luminous.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khadyota (खद्योत).—[kha-dyota], I. m. A fire-fly, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 19, 28. Ii. f. , The same, denoting an eye, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 25, 47.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khadyota (खद्योत).—[masculine] a glowing flying insect.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Khadyota (खद्योत):—[=kha-dyota] [from kha] a m. = -jyotis, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (applied [figuratively] to transient happiness), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha xi]

3) [v.s. ...] the sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Khadyotā (खद्योता):—[=kha-dyotā] [from kha-dyota > kha] f. ([scilicet] dvār) ‘shining-insect-like door’, the left eye, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a deity, [Buddhist literature]

6) Khadyota (खद्योत):—[=kha-dyota] [from kha-dūra] b etc. See, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khadyota (खद्योत):—[kha-dyota] (taḥ) 1. m. A fire-fly; the sun.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Khadyota (खद्योत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Khajjoa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Khadyota in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Khadyōta (ಖದ್ಯೋತ):—

1) [noun] the sun.

2) [noun] any of winged beetles of Lampyridae family, which are active at night, and whose abdomens usu. glow with a luminescent light; a firefly.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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