Keshi, Kesi, Keśi, Kesī, Keśī: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Keshi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Keśi and Keśī can be transliterated into English as Kesi or Keshi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Keśī (केशी).—

. General information. An Asura. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 65 that forty Asuras or Dānavas were born to Kaśyapa, the son of Marīci, and the grandson of Brahmā, by his wife Danu, and that Keśī was one of them.

. Keśī and Indra. Once a war broke out between the Devas and the Asuras. Disasters befell the Devas. Daityasenā and Devasenā, the daughters of Prajāpati were about to be carried away by Keśī. Daityasenā agreed to accompany him of her own accord, but Devasenā cried aloud. Hearing her cry Devendra reached the spot. A terrible fight ensued and finally the defeated Keśī ran away. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 223).

. Keśī and Viṣṇu. Once there was a fight which lasted for thirteen days, between Keśī and Viṣṇu. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 134, Stanza 20). (See full article at Story of Keśī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Keśī (केशी).—A follower of Kaṃsa. This Asura, on the instruction of Kaṃsa, went to Ambāḍi (Gokula) taking the form of a horse. to kill Śrī Kṛṣṇa. Śrī Kṛṣṇa killed Keśī. It is seen in the Bhāgavata (Malayālam) that Śrī Kṛṣṇa got the name Keśava because he had killed Keśī. (Skandha 10, Keśivadha).

3) Keśī (केशी).—In Bhāgavata there is another Keśī who was the son of Vasudeva.

"pauravī rohiṇī bhadrā madirā rocanā ilā / devakīpramukhā āsan patnya ānakadundubheḥ."

Pauravī, Rohiṇī, Bhadrā, Madirā, Rocanā, Ilā and Devakī were the wives of Vasudeva.

From this statement made in Bhāgavata, Skandha 9, Chapter 24, it is clear that Vasudeva had a number of wives. Kausalyā, who was one of them, was the mother of Keśī. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9, Chapter 24, Stanza 48).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Keśi (केशि).—An Asura.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 29. 4.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Keśī (केशी) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.22, I.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Keśī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Kesi (केसि) was a disciple of Pāsa and follower of the four vows, as mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Accordingly, “While Kesi, a disciple of Pāsa, is a follower of the four vows (the vow of chastity is implicitly included in the vow of no lust), Goama, faithful to the doctrine of Mahāvīra, recognizes five vows. Faced with the doubts of their disciples, Kesi and Goama meet for a verbal confrontation. Goama succeeds in convincing Kesi of the necessity of the vow of chastity.”.

Cf.  Uttarādhyayanasūtra XXIII v. 1-29: Jacobi SBE XLV p. 119-123.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

See Kesini below.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Keśī (केशी):—[from keśa] f. a lock of hair on the crown of the head, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] the Indigo plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Carpopogon pruriens, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] another plant (bhūta-keśī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Keśi (केशि):—[from keśa] 1. keśi m. (= śin), Name of an Asura, [Harivaṃśa]

7) [v.s. ...] 2. keśi (in [compound] for keśin).

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Keśi (केशि):—m. Nomen proprium eines Asura [Harivaṃśa 2360. 14291.] — Nebenform von keśin .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Keśi (केशि):—m. Nomen proprium eines Asura. = keśin.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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