Kesarin, Kesharin, Keśarin: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kesarin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Keśarin can be transliterated into English as Kesarin or Kesharin, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kesarin (केसरिन्) is another name (synonym) for Kampillaka, which is the Sanskrit word for Mallotus philippensis (kamala tree), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 13.99), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Keśarin (केशरिन्) is the name of a lake situated on the Nīla mountain, which resided in the Bhārata zone of Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Making the division between these there are 7 mountain-ranges, bounding the zones: Himavat, Mahāhimavat, Niṣadha, Nīla, Rukmin, and Śikharin with equal diameter at the base and top. [...] The lake Keśarin on Nīla is equal to Tigiñchi. [...] In all the lakes, [e.g., Keśarin, etc.], there are full-blown lotuses buried 10 yojanas in the water. Moreover, here are (the goddesses) Śrī, Hrī, Dhṛti, Kīrti, Buddhi, and Lakṣmī respectively, with life-periods of a palya, together with Sāmānikas, gods of the councils, bodyguards, and armies”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXIX (1951-1952)

Kesarin (केसरिन्) is the son of Narasiṃha: an ancient king from the Śulkī royal family possibly identified with the Eastern Chālukya dynasty according to Chakravarti.—Accordingly, the Maser inscription of a Śulkī chief states that “a certain hero, adorned by the granthi-trika, Bhāradvāja by name, emanating from a drop of water that fell out of the hand of Dhātā (Brahmā) adorned the Śulkīvaṃśa and was a veritable death to hostile kings. In the family of Śulka of the lunar race there arose king Narasiṃha. He was the lord of Viḍa-dvādaśa and had his permanent abode at his Kulagrāma, called Golahaṭṭī-Chāṇakī in the vicinity of Elāpura. [...] Then a certain Guṇāḍhya described as Kesarin is introduced as son (of Narasiṃha). At the command of Kṛṣṇarāja he conquered the king of Lāṭa (Lāṭeśa) and a Kacchavāha”.

Note: Narasiṃha and his son Kesarin, attention may be drawn to a Chālukya family whose origin is traced likewise from Bhāradvāja and which figures in the Bilhārī Chēdi inscription.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kesarin in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kesarin, (fr. kesara1) having a mane, of a lion, also name of a battle-array (°saṃgāmo) Dpvs. I, 7; cp. AvŚ I. 56. (Page 227)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kesarin (केसरिन्).—m. [keśa-sa-ra-ini]

1) A lion; अनुहुंकुरुते घनध्वनिं न हि गोमायुरुतानि केसरी (anuhuṃkurute ghanadhvaniṃ na hi gomāyurutāni kesarī) Śi.16.25; धनुर्धरः केसरिणं ददर्श (dhanurdharaḥ kesariṇaṃ dadarśa) R.2.29; Ś.7.3.

2) The best, excellent, or most prominent of a class (at the end of comp.); cf. कुञ्जर, सिंह (kuñjara, siṃha) &c.

3) A horse; Mb.12.78.4.

4) The citron plant.

5) The Punnāga tree.

6) Name of the father of Hanūmat.

-riṇī A lioness; Ks.7.12.

See also (synonyms): keśarin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Keśarin (केशरिन्).—(1) in Lalitavistara 170.16, or Kesari-rāja, Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 22.16, name of a king, former incarnation of Śākyamuni, alluded to in these verses.; his story is unknown to me; (2) kesarin, name of a battle-array (saṃgrāma; so also in Pali, name of a saṃgāma): Avadāna-śataka i.56.4; (3) Keśarin, name of a former Buddha: Sukhāvatīvyūha 6.13.

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Kesarin (केसरिन्) or Kesari-rāja.—see s.v. Keśarin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Keśarin (केशरिन्).—m. (-rī) 1. A lion. 2. A horse. 3. A plant used in dying: see punnāga. 4. Nageswar, (Mesua ferrea.) 5. The citron tree. E. keśara a name, a filament, &c. ini aff.

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Kesarin (केसरिन्).—m. (-rī) 1. A lion. 2. A horse. 3. A plant used in dying: see punnāga. 4. Nageswar, (Mesua ferrea.) 5. A monkey the father of Hanuman. E. kesara a filament, a mane, ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Keśarin (केशरिन्).—i. e. keśara + in, also kesarin kesarin, I. adj., f. iṇi, Having a mane, Mahābhārata 1, 8286. Ii. m. 1. A lion, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 22. 2. A proper name, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 39, 26.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kesarin (केसरिन्).—[adjective] maned; [masculine] lion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Keśarin (केशरिन्):—[from kesara] mfn. having a mane, [Mahābhārata i, iii]

2) [v.s. ...] m. (ī) a lion, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta; Bhartṛhari] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a horse, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa [Scholiast or Commentator]]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of an aquatic bird, [Caraka i, 27]

5) [v.s. ...] the plant Rottleria tinctoria, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] the plant Mesua ferrea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a citron tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a variety of Moringa with red flowers (= rakta-śigru), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a monkey (husband of the mother of Hanumat), [Mahābhārata iii, 11193; Rāmāyaṇa; Daśakumāra-carita]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince, [Lalita-vistara]

11) [v.s. ...] of a mountain, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

12) Kesarin (केसरिन्):—[from kesara] mfn. having a mane, [Mahābhārata i, iii]

13) [v.s. ...] m. a lion, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta; Bhartṛhari] etc.

14) [v.s. ...] a horse, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa [Scholiast or Commentator]]

15) [v.s. ...] Name of an aquatic bird, [Caraka i, 27]

16) [v.s. ...] the plant Rottleria tinctoria, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] the plant Mesua ferrea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] a citron tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] a variety of Moringa with red flowers (= rakta-śigru), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) [v.s. ...] Name of a monkey (husband of the mother of Hanumat), [Mahābhārata iii, 11193; Rāmāyaṇa; Daśakumāra-carita]

21) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince, [Lalita-vistara]

22) [v.s. ...] of a mountain, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

23) [v.s. ...] Name of a Tathāgata, [Sukhāvatī-vyūha i].

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Keśarin (केशरिन्):—(rī) 5. m. A lion; a horse; the citron tree; Nāgesar.

2) Kesarin (केसरिन्):—(rī) 5. m. A lion, a horse.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kesarin (केसरिन्):—und keśarin (wie eben)

1) adj. bemähnt: siṃhāḥ keśariṇaḥ [Mahābhārata 1, 8286. 3, 2010. 12399. 15994.] —

2) m. a) Löwe [Amarakoṣa 2, 5, 1.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1284.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 368.] [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 177.] [Hārāvalī 82.] [Mahābhārata 4, 2307.] [Suśruta 1, 71, 21.] [Bhartṛhari 2, 22.] [Pañcatantra I, 371.] [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 29.] [Ṛtusaṃhāra 1, 15.] [Devīmāhātmya 6, 13.] — b) Pferd [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 233.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 177.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — c) Name verschiedener Pflanzen: Rottleria tinctoria Roxb. [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] Mesua ferrea Wight. Arn. [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] Citronenbaum [Jaṭādhara im Śabdakalpadruma] eine roth blühende Moringa (raktaśigru) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — d) Nomen proprium eines Mannes [Rgva tch’er rol pa 166.] eines Affen, mit dessen Frau der Gott des Windes Hanumant erzeugt, [Mahābhārata 3, 11193.] [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 39, 26. 5, 3, 11. 32, 40. 42. 6, 3, 39. 18, 20. 83, 9.] [Daśakumāracarita 182, 11.] kesarisuta m. ein Beiname Hanumant's [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 705.]

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Kesarin (केसरिन्):—

2) a) [Mahābhārata 12, 4285.] — b) [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa Comm. 1, 184, 11.] —

3) f. riṇī Löwin [Kathāsaritsāgara 70, 102.]

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Kesarin (केसरिन्):—m. ein best. Wasservogel [CARAKA 1, 27.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kesarin (केसरिन्):——

1) Adj. bemähnt.

2) m. — a) Löwe. — b) *Pferd. — c) ein best. Wasservogel. — d) *Rottleria tinctoria. — e) *Mesua ferrea. — f) *Citronenbaum. — g) *eine roth blühende Moringa. — h) Nomen proprium — α) eines Affen , des Vaters von Hanumant. — β) eines Fürsten [Lalitavistarapurāṇa 199,10.] — γ) eines Gebirges [Wilson's Uebersetzung des Viṣṇupurāṇa ,4,63.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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