Kayika, aka: Kāyika, Kāyikā; 10 Definition(s)


Kayika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Kāyikā (कायिका) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in fincance, referring to “to be paid by bodily labour”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.153)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

1) Kāyikā (कायिका).—One of the six kinds of interest, according to Bṛhaspati;—Kāyikā interest is in the form of bodily labour. Kāyikā interest shall be realised by the creditor so long as the principal remains unpaid.

2) Interest at the rate of one Paṇa and a quarter, paid regularly without diminishing the principal, is denoted Kāyikā interest. (See the Manubhāṣya verse 8.153)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Kāyika (कायिक) refers to a classification of sins, according to the Śivadharmottarapurāṇa

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Kayika in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kāyika : (adj.) relating to the resulting from the body.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kayika, (fr. krī, cp. BSk. krayika Divy 505) a buyer, trader, dealer Miln. 334. (Page 195)

— or —

Kāyika, (adj.) (fr. kāya) 1. belonging to the body, i.e. felt by the body (experienced by the senses), or resulting from the body, i.e. done by the body (=acted as opposed to spoken or thought). sukhaṃ physical happiness (opp. cetasika°) S. V, 209; A. I, 81; dukkhaṃ D. II, 306; M. I, 302 (opp. cetasikaṃ); kāyikaṃ (sc. dhammaṃ) sikkhati to teach the conduct of body (opp. vācasikaṃ) Vin. II, 248. In comb. with vācasika also at S. I, 190; Pug. 21; Vism. 18 (of anācara); PvA. 119 (of saṃyama, control) Shhp 55; Bdhd 26, 134; referring to diff. kinds of amusements Nd2 219=SnA 86. 2.—° (of devas) belonging to the company of-: ° D. I, 220; gandhabba° PvA. 119. (Page 209)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

kāyika (कायिक).—a S Relating to the body, corporeal.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kāyika (कायिक).—a Belonging to the body, corporal.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāyikā (कायिका) or Kāyika (कायिक).—a. [kāya-ṭhak] Relating to the body, bodily, corporeal; कायिकतपः (kāyikatapaḥ) Ms.12.8.

-kā Interest (whatever is given for the use of money); Ms.8.153.

See also (synonyms): kāyaka, kāyikī.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāyika (कायिक).—(-kāyika), ifc. adj. (from kāya 2 plus -ika), belonging to the company of…; noted only modifying (as separate word or in comp.) the words deva and devaputra, of various classes of ‘gods’: tuṣitakāyika LV 183.17; 363.21; Gv 527. 15; tuṣitabhavanakāyiko devaputro Mv i.174.1; trāya- triṃśakāyikair devair LV 365.8; gandharvakāyikeṣu deveṣu Mv ii.49.2; mārakāyikā devaputrās LV 300.4; svaviṣaya- kāyika-devaputrā(s) Mv ii.278.16 (Māra speaking); °yikā dev° 287.11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kāyika (कायिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kī-kaṃ) Corporeal, relating to the body. E. kāya the body, and kan or ṭhak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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