Kayana, Kayaṇa: 3 definitions

Introduction:

Kayana means something in Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kayāna (कयान) is the name of a Brāhman from Dāru, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.4 [Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “Now in Jambūdvīpa in this same Bhāratakṣetra in the village Dāru there was a Brāhman, Vasubhūti. He had a son, Atibhūti, by his wife, Anukośā; and his son had a wife, Sarasā. One day she was kidnaped quickly by a trick by a Brāhman, Kayāna, who had become infatuated with her. Devoted to pleasures, Kayāna wandered through the forest of existence for a long time and became the son, Piṅgala, of King Cakradhvaja’s chaplain, Dhūmakeśa by name, by his wife Svāhā, in the city Cakrapura. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Kayana in Philippine Islands is the name of a plant defined with Panicum repens in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Panicum arenarium M. Bieb., nom. illeg., non Panicum arenarium Brot. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Enumeratio Plantarum Zeylaniae (1864)
· Flora Indica; or descriptions … (1820)
· Boletim da Sociedade Broteriana, ser. 2 (1991)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1990)
· Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden (1994)
· Description de l’Égypte, … Histoire Naturelle, (1829)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kayana, for example extract dosage, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, side effects, health benefits, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Kayaṇa (कयण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kadana.

2) Kayāṇa (कयाण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Krayāṇaka.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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