Kavyalinga, Kāvyaliṅga, Kavya-linga: 3 definitions

Introduction

Kavyalinga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Kāvyaliṅga (काव्यलिङ्ग, “exemplification”) refers to a type of Alaṃkāra (figure of speech).—Kāvyaliṅga or poetical cause occurs when a reason is implied either in a sentence or a word.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Kāvyaliṅga (काव्यलिङ्ग) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).The figure of speech kāvyaliṅga has been admitted by Ruyyaka (A.S. P. 143), Viśvanātha (X/64), Rudraṭa (VII/82), and Jayadeva (V/38). The figure kāvyaliṅga is originated by the influence of Nyāyaśāstra upon the poets. The word liṅga means cause. In Nyāyaśāstra there is cause-effect (kāryakāraṇabhāva) relation. In inference this knowledge of cause is necessary. When this cause is described by a poet in the form of a word or a sentence, it is known as figure kāvyaliṅga.

Cirañjīva has defined kāvyaliṅga in a different manner. In his opinion when this meaning of a sentence is found to support a new meaning it is the figure kāvyaliṅga—“syātkāvyaliṃgaṃ vākyārthe nūtanārthasamarthake”—From this definition it appears that he has gone in a different way. Though he has accepted the name kāvyaliṅga which seems to be related with cause, he has not explained it in the line of Mammaṭa, Viśvanātha etc. In his opinion whenever a sentence is found to support a new meaning which is never expressed in any way, the figure kāvyaliṅga take place.

Example of the kāvyaliṅga-alaṃkāra:—

bhasmībhūtaḥ kusumaviśikhaḥ śambhunetrāgnīnā’bhū jjvālādāyī tadanu manasi prāptajanmā babhūva |
bhūyastasmin virahadahanairdāhito’sau mayaivaṃ kutrotpanno vyathayati punarmāmaho tanna vedmi ||

Explanation: This verse has been taken from the author’s own composition Mādhavacampū. This is the speech of Kalāvati to her female friend. She says—The cupid was burnt into ashes by the fire coming out from the eyes of Lord Śiva and after that he had again taken birth in mind and became tormentor. Again he was caused to burn in this way in my mind by the fire of the pangs of separation and I do not know how he originated where from is afflicting me still now.

Notes: In this verse the meaning of the burning of the cupid by the pangs of separation has never been expressed before. So this new meaning has been supported by the verse. So this is an example of Kāvyaliṃga.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kavyalinga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāvyaliṅga (काव्यलिङ्ग).—Poetic Reason, a figure of speech; thus defined:काव्यलिङ्गं हेतो- र्वाक्यपदार्थता (kāvyaliṅgaṃ heto- rvākyapadārthatā) K. P.1; e. g. जितोऽसि मन्द कन्दर्प मच्चित्तेऽस्ति त्रिलोचनः (jito'si manda kandarpa maccitte'sti trilocanaḥ) Chandr.5.119.

Derivable forms: kāvyaliṅgam (काव्यलिङ्गम्).

Kāvyaliṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāvya and liṅga (लिङ्ग).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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