Kaushikipurvaka, Kauśikīpūrvaka, Kaushiki-purvaka: 1 definition

Introduction:

Kaushikipurvaka means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kauśikīpūrvaka can be transliterated into English as Kausikipurvaka or Kaushikipurvaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Kaushikipurvaka in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kauśikīpūrvaka (कौशिकीपूर्वक) refers to one of the sixteen classes of Vidyādharas derived from their respective Vidyās (in this case, from Kauśikī-vidyā), according to chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly,

“[...] After making [the two rows of Vidyādhara-cities], many villages and suburbs, they established communities [viz., the Kauśikīpūrvakas] according to the suitability of place. [...] Dharaṇendra instructed them about the law as follows: ‘If any insolent persons show disrespect or do injury to the Jinas, or the Jinas’ shrines, or to those who will attain mokṣa in this birth, or to any ascetics engaged in pratimā, the Vidyās [viz., Kauśikīs] will abandon them at once, just as wealth abandons lazy people. Whoever kills a man with his wife, or enjoys women against their will, the Vidyās will abandon him at once’.”

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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