Kaushala, Kausala, Kauśala: 21 definitions


Kaushala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kauśala can be transliterated into English as Kausala or Kaushala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Kaushal.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kaushala in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kausala (कौसल).—(KAUŚALA). Skandadeva once changed the shape of his face to that of the face of goat. Then he got the name Kausala. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 228, Stanza 4).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kauśala (कौशल).—A kingdom that took its name after Kuśala, son of Dyutimat. Also Kuśala, adjoining Krauñca hill in Krauñcadvīpa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 24; 19. 71.

1b) Seven in number, and contemporaries of seven Āndhras, and lords of Vidūra; then Niṣadhas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 35.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Kausala (कौसल) refers to a variety of prāsāda (upper storey of any building), according to the Śilparatna (32.3), the Mayamata (18.10) and the Kamikāgama (57.4).

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Kaushala in Arts glossary
Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Kauśala (कौशल) refers to the “expertness” (of the tamer of a Hawk), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the yellow-eyed division of hawks]: “Hawks, like good ministers of state, can bring about desired effects, if they are kept contented by proper treatment, and are given good nourishment. As an expert in the art of government, and nobody else, knows the uncommon intelligence of the king, so does a bird understand the intelligence and expertness (kauśala) of its tamer [buddhikauśalavaibhavam]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Kauśala (कौशल) is the name of Kṣetra (category of holy sites), according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: “Now, [the Blessed One] has taught [holy sites] such as the kṣetra and upakṣetra in sequence. [...] (3) Kāmarūpa, Oḍra, Triśakuna (for Triśakuni), and Kauśala are the kṣetra [sites]. (4) The upakṣetra [sites] are Kaliṅga, Lampāka, Kāñcī, and Himālaya. [...] Girls who are in these places are of [the nature of] the innate, born in their own birthplaces. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Kauśala (कौशल, “conversancy”) or Jina-śāsane-kauśala refers to “conversancy with the Jaina doctrine.” and represents an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the bhūṣaṇa heading, according to Hemacandra in his 12th century Yogaśāstra verse 2.16. This bhūṣaṇa is self-explanatory

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kauśala (कौशल) refers to “expertness in Jain doctrine” and represents one of the Guṇas (“qualities”), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] Vajranābha acquired strong Tirthakṛt-body-making and family-karma by the twenty sthānakas as follows:—[...] The ninth [sthānaka] is right-belief, free from the faults of doubt, etc., adorned with the qualities of firmness, etc. [viz., kauśala-guṇa], characterized by tranquillity, etc. [...]”.

Note: The guṇas are: firmness in Jain doctrine (sthairya); promulgation of Jain doctrine (prabhāvanā); devotion to Jain doctrine (bhakti); expertness in it (kauśala); service to the tīrthas (tirthasevā). The tīrtha is either dravyatīrtha, places where the Tīrthakṛts were born, received initiation, kevalajñāna, and attained mokṣa; or bhāva-tīrtha, the fourfold congregation, or the chief Gaṇadhara.—(cf. Yogaśāstra 2.17.)

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kauśala (कौशल) [or कौशल्य, kauśalya].—n (S) Expertness, skill, cleverness. 2 Well-being, happiness, comfort, state of ease and security.

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kausala (कौसल).—n (kauśalya S) A machination, fabrication, an evil device or counsel, a plot or trick. v kara. Ex. dhabadhabāṃ vakṣasthaḷa baḍavūna || kauṃsalyē- nēṃ ghētalēṃ ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kauśala (कौशल) [-lya, -ल्य].—n Expertness, skill, clever- ness. Well-being, happiness.

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kausala (कौसल).—n A machination, a plot.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kauśala (कौशल).—[kuśala-aṇ ṣyañ vā P.V.1.124]

1) Well-being, welfare, happiness, prosperity; वैदेहि कुशली रामः स त्वां कौशलमब्रवीत् (vaidehi kuśalī rāmaḥ sa tvāṃ kauśalamabravīt) Rām.5.34.3.

2) Skill, skilfulness, cleverness; किमकौशलादुत प्रयोजनापेक्षितया (kimakauśalāduta prayojanāpekṣitayā) Mu.3; हावहारि हसितं वचनानां कौशलं दृशि विकारविशेषाः (hāvahāri hasitaṃ vacanānāṃ kauśalaṃ dṛśi vikāraviśeṣāḥ) Śiśupālavadha 1.13.

3) (kauśalyam) A pavilion with fortysix pillars; Matsya P. (Ch.27) 5.8; योगः कर्मसु कौशलम् (yogaḥ karmasu kauśalam) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2.5.

Derivable forms: kauśalam (कौशलम्).

See also (synonyms): kauśalya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kauśala (कौशल).—nf. (-laṃ-lī) 1. Greeting, salutation, friendly inquiry. 2. A respectful present, a Nezar. 3. Happiness, welfare, &c. E. kuśala good fortune, well-being, aṇ and ṅīṣ affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kauśala (कौशल).—i. e. kuśala + a, n. 1. Well-being, Mahābhārata 4, 486. 2. Prosperity, prosperous event, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 86, 43. 3. Cleverness, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 2, 50.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kauśala (कौशल).—[neuter] welfare, health; cleverness, skill in ([locative] or —°).

--- OR ---

Kausala (कौसल).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people & a dynasty.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kauśala (कौशल):—n. ([from] kuś; [gana] yuvādi) well-being, welfare, good fortune, prosperity, [Mahābhārata iv, 486; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) skilfulness, cleverness, experience (with [locative case] or ifc.), [Suśruta; Mṛcchakaṭikā; Pañcatantra] etc.

3) Kausala (कौसल):—mfn. (often spelt kauśala) belonging to the Kosalas (a country), [Divyāvadāna vii, xii]

4) m. [plural] Name of a people, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā x, 14; Romakasiddhānta; Saṃkṣepa-śaṃkara-vijaya]

5) m. of a dynasty, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa xii, 1, 33]

6) [varia lectio] for kos q.v.

7) Kausalā (कौसला):—[from kausala] f. Name of one of Kṛṣṇa’s wives, [x, 83, 6]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kauśala (कौशल):—[(laṃ-lī)] 1. n. 3. f. Welfare salution, kind inquiry; a gift.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kauśala (कौशल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kausala, Kosala.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kaushala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kaushala in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kauśala (कौशल) [Also spelled kaushal]:—(nm) skill, dexterity, adroitness.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Kausala (कौसल) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kauśala.

2) Kausala (कौसल) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kauśala.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kauśala (ಕೌಶಲ):—

1) [noun] ability to do something (esp. manual or physical) well; proficiency; expertness; skill; dexterity.

2) [noun] happiness, well-being, good health or fortune; welfare.

--- OR ---

Kausāḷa (ಕೌಸಾಳ):—[noun] a pair of large bronze cymbals.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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