Kaushala, Kausala, Kauśala: 12 definitions

Introduction

Kaushala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kauśala can be transliterated into English as Kausala or Kaushala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kaushala in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kausala (कौसल).—(KAUŚALA). Skandadeva once changed the shape of his face to that of the face of goat. Then he got the name Kausala. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 228, Stanza 4).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kauśala (कौशल).—A kingdom that took its name after Kuśala, son of Dyutimat. Also Kuśala, adjoining Krauñca hill in Krauñcadvīpa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 24; 19. 71.

1b) Seven in number, and contemporaries of seven Āndhras, and lords of Vidūra; then Niṣadhas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 35.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Kausala (कौसल) refers to a variety of prāsāda (upper storey of any building), according to the Śilparatna (32.3), the Mayamata (18.10) and the Kamikāgama (57.4).

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Kauśala (कौशल, “conversancy”) or Jina-śāsane-kauśala refers to “conversancy with the Jaina doctrine.” and represents an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the bhūṣaṇa heading, according to Hemacandra in his 12th century Yogaśāstra verse 2.16. This bhūṣaṇa is self-explanatory

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kauśala (कौशल) refers to “expertness in Jain doctrine” and represents one of the Guṇas (“qualities”), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] Vajranābha acquired strong Tirthakṛt-body-making and family-karma by the twenty sthānakas as follows:—[...] The ninth [sthānaka] is right-belief, free from the faults of doubt, etc., adorned with the qualities of firmness, etc. [viz., kauśala-guṇa], characterized by tranquillity, etc. [...]”.

Note: The guṇas are: firmness in Jain doctrine (sthairya); promulgation of Jain doctrine (prabhāvanā); devotion to Jain doctrine (bhakti); expertness in it (kauśala); service to the tīrthas (tirthasevā). The tīrtha is either dravyatīrtha, places where the Tīrthakṛts were born, received initiation, kevalajñāna, and attained mokṣa; or bhāva-tīrtha, the fourfold congregation, or the chief Gaṇadhara.—(cf. Yogaśāstra 2.17.)

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kauśala (कौशल) [or कौशल्य, kauśalya].—n (S) Expertness, skill, cleverness. 2 Well-being, happiness, comfort, state of ease and security.

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kausala (कौसल).—n (kauśalya S) A machination, fabrication, an evil device or counsel, a plot or trick. v kara. Ex. dhabadhabāṃ vakṣasthaḷa baḍavūna || kauṃsalyē- nēṃ ghētalēṃ ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kauśala (कौशल) [-lya, -ल्य].—n Expertness, skill, clever- ness. Well-being, happiness.

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kausala (कौसल).—n A machination, a plot.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kauśala (कौशल).—[kuśala-aṇ ṣyañ vā P.V.1.124]

1) Well-being, welfare, happiness, prosperity; वैदेहि कुशली रामः स त्वां कौशलमब्रवीत् (vaidehi kuśalī rāmaḥ sa tvāṃ kauśalamabravīt) Rām.5.34.3.

2) Skill, skilfulness, cleverness; किमकौशलादुत प्रयोजनापेक्षितया (kimakauśalāduta prayojanāpekṣitayā) Mu.3; हावहारि हसितं वचनानां कौशलं दृशि विकारविशेषाः (hāvahāri hasitaṃ vacanānāṃ kauśalaṃ dṛśi vikāraviśeṣāḥ) Śi.1.13.

3) (kauśalyam) A pavilion with fortysix pillars; Matsya P. (Ch.27) 5.8; योगः कर्मसु कौशलम् (yogaḥ karmasu kauśalam) Bg.2.5.

Derivable forms: kauśalam (कौशलम्).

See also (synonyms): kauśalya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kauśala (कौशल).—nf. (-laṃ-lī) 1. Greeting, salutation, friendly inquiry. 2. A respectful present, a Nezar. 3. Happiness, welfare, &c. E. kuśala good fortune, well-being, aṇ and ṅīṣ affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kauśala (कौशल).—i. e. kuśala + a, n. 1. Well-being, Mahābhārata 4, 486. 2. Prosperity, prosperous event, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 86, 43. 3. Cleverness, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 2, 50.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kauśala (कौशल).—[neuter] welfare, health; cleverness, skill in ([locative] or —°).

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Kausala (कौसल).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people & a dynasty.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kauśala (कौशल):—n. ([from] kuś; [gana] yuvādi) well-being, welfare, good fortune, prosperity, [Mahābhārata iv, 486; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) skilfulness, cleverness, experience (with [locative case] or ifc.), [Suśruta; Mṛcchakaṭikā; Pañcatantra] etc.

3) Kausala (कौसल):—mfn. (often spelt kauśala) belonging to the Kosalas (a country), [Divyāvadāna vii, xii]

4) m. [plural] Name of a people, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā x, 14; Romakasiddhānta; Saṃkṣepa-śaṃkara-vijaya]

5) m. of a dynasty, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa xii, 1, 33]

6) [varia lectio] for kos q.v.

7) Kausalā (कौसला):—[from kausala] f. Name of one of Kṛṣṇa’s wives, [x, 83, 6]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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