Kaundinya, aka: Kauṇḍinya; 4 Definition(s)
Kaundinya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
General definition (in Hinduism)
1) Kauṇḍinya, the first disciple and arahant of Gautama Buddha, see Kaundinya
2) the Name of a famous Rishi (Seer) of Ancient India.
3) a Hindu Gotra or Clan name, named after the Rishi Kaundinya. (A Gotra is used to identify oneself during Hindu religious ceremonies.)
4) the name of legendary founder of the Funan kingdom.
5) Kaundinya was a Buddhist bhikkhu in the sangha of Gautama Buddha and the first to become an arahant. He lived during the 6th century BCE in what is now Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, India.
6) Kaundinya was a brahmin who first came to prominence as a youth due to his mastery of the vedas and was later appointed as a royal court scholar of King Suddhodana of the Sakyas in Kapilavastu. There Kaundinya was the only scholar who unequivocally predicted upon the birth of Prince Siddhartha that the prince would become an enlightened Buddha, and vowed to become his disciple. Kaundinya and four colleagues followed Siddhartha in six years of ascetic practice, but abandoned him in disgust after Siddhartha gave up the practice of self-mortification. Upon enlightenment, Siddartha gave his first dharma talk to Kaundinya's group. Kaundinya was the first to comprehend the teaching and thus became the first bhikkhu and arahant.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
The story of Kauṇḍinya is also set forth briefly in the Sanskrit inscription C. 96 of the Cham king Prakasadharma (found at Mỹ Sơn), stanzas XVI-XVIII:
“It was there [at the city of Bhavapura] that Kauṇḍinya, the foremost among brahmins, planted the spear which he had obtained from Droṇa’s Son Aśvatthāman, the best of brahmins. There was a daughter of a king of serpents, called "Somā," who founded a family in this world. Having attained, through love, to a radically different element, she lived in the abode of man. She was taken as wife by the excellent Brahmin Kauṇḍinya for the sake of (accomplishing) a certain task ...”.
The legend of Kauṇḍinya is paralleled in modern Khmer folklore, where the foreign prince is known as “Preah Thaong” and the queen as “Neang Neak”. The name “Kauṇḍinya” is well-known from Tamil inscriptions of the 1st millennium AD, and it seems that Funan was ruled up the 6th century AD by a clan of the same name.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Kauṇḍinya (कौण्डिन्य) is the name of a person of olden times subdued by the Buddha mentioned in order to demonstrate the fearlessness of the Buddha according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XL.1.4. Accordingly, “the five wandering mendicants (parivrājaka) beginning with Kiao-tch’en-jou (Kauṇḍinya), the thousand Jaṭila ṛṣis beginning with Ngeou-leou-p’in-louo Kia-chö (Uruvilva Kāśyapa), Śāriputra, Maudgalyāyana, Mahākāśyapa, etc., all entered into religion (pravrājita) in the Buddha’s Dharma”.
Ājñāta Kauṇḍinya, the foremost of the group of five (pañcavargīya) who were witnesses of the Buddha’s austerities and were present at the sermon at Benares. They became arhats when the Buddha preached the Anattalakkhaṇasutta to them (Vinaya, I, p. 14; Catuṣpariṣad, p. 170). The Traité has already mentioned them above, p. 102F, 1426F.
When the Buddha Śākyamuni turned the Wheel of Dharma, Kiao-tch’en-jou (Kauṇḍinya) was the only person to obtain the first [fruit] of the Path and 80,000 devas also obtained the purity of the dust-free and stainless eye of Dharma.(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
kauṇḍinya (कौंडिन्य).—m A tribe of Brahmans or an individual of it.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
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Search found 21 books and stories containing Kaundinya or Kauṇḍinya. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Book of Good Counsels (by Sir Edwin Arnold)
Chapter 12 - The Story of the Frogs and the Old Serpent < [Book Four - Peace]
The travels of Fa-Hian (400 A.D.) (by Samuel Beal)
Chapter XLV - On On Kaundinya (a) < [Section Ten]
Chapter XLVI - On On Kaundinya (b) < [Section Ten]
Chapter XL - On Bodhisattva Kasyapa (a) < [Section Eight]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
II. Simultaneously preaching and converting < [Part 13 - Carrying out abhisaṃbodhi, preaching and conversions all in the same day]
Gifts practiced by Śākyamuni in his jātakas < [Part 14 - Generosity and the other virtues]
IV. Outstanding qualities of the Bodhisattva < [Part 3 - Outshining the knowledge of all the Śrāvakas and Pratyekabuddhas]
A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms (by Fa-Hien)
The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad (by Swāmī Mādhavānanda)
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