Kaundinya, Kauṇḍinya, Kauṇḍinyā: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kaundinya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kaundinya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kauṇḍinya (कौण्डिन्य).—See under Mitrabheda.

2) Kauṇḍinya (कौण्डिन्य).—A hermit who lived in the Palace of Yudhiṣṭhira. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Stanza 16). See under Dhṛṣṭabuddhi.

3) Kauṇḍinya (कौण्डिन्य).—A hermit. This hermit had erected his hermitage in Hastimatīsabhramatīsaṅgama and lived there. Once due to excess of rain the river flooded and his hermitage was washed away. So the hermit cursed the river. "Let the river be dried up". Then he went to the realm of Vaikuṇṭha. (Padma Purāṇa, Uttara Khaṇḍa, Chapter 145).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kauṇḍinya (कौण्डिन्य).—An ancient grammarian referred to in the Taittirīya Prātiśākhya(T. Pr. V. 38) and Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī, (P.II.4.70).

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kaundinya in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

1) Kauṇḍinya, the first disciple and arahant of Gautama Buddha, see Kaundinya

2) the Name of a famous Rishi (Seer) of Ancient India.

3) a Hindu Gotra or Clan name, named after the Rishi Kaundinya. (A Gotra is used to identify oneself during Hindu religious ceremonies.)

4) the name of legendary founder of the Funan kingdom.

5) Kaundinya was a Buddhist bhikkhu in the sangha of Gautama Buddha and the first to become an arahant. He lived during the 6th century BCE in what is now Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, India.

6) Kaundinya was a brahmin who first came to prominence as a youth due to his mastery of the vedas and was later appointed as a royal court scholar of King Suddhodana of the Sakyas in Kapilavastu. There Kaundinya was the only scholar who unequivocally predicted upon the birth of Prince Siddhartha that the prince would become an enlightened Buddha, and vowed to become his disciple. Kaundinya and four colleagues followed Siddhartha in six years of ascetic practice, but abandoned him in disgust after Siddhartha gave up the practice of self-mortification. Upon enlightenment, Siddartha gave his first dharma talk to Kaundinya's group. Kaundinya was the first to comprehend the teaching and thus became the first bhikkhu and arahant.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

The story of Kauṇḍinya is also set forth briefly in the Sanskrit inscription C. 96 of the Cham king Prakasadharma (found at Mỹ Sơn), stanzas XVI-XVIII:

“It was there [at the city of Bhavapura] that Kauṇḍinya, the foremost among brahmins, planted the spear which he had obtained from Droṇa’s Son Aśvatthāman, the best of brahmins. There was a daughter of a king of serpents, called "Somā," who founded a family in this world. Having attained, through love, to a radically different element, she lived in the abode of man. She was taken as wife by the excellent Brahmin Kauṇḍinya for the sake of (accomplishing) a certain task ...”.

The legend of Kauṇḍinya is paralleled in modern Khmer folklore, where the foreign prince is known as “Preah Thaong” and the queen as “Neang Neak”. The name “Kauṇḍinya” is well-known from Tamil inscriptions of the 1st millennium AD, and it seems that Funan was ruled up the 6th century AD by a clan of the same name.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kaundinya in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Kauṇḍinya (कौण्डिन्य) is the name of a person of olden times subdued by the Buddha mentioned in order to demonstrate the fearlessness of the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XL.1.4. Accordingly, “the five wandering mendicants (parivrājaka) beginning with Kiao-tch’en-jou (Kauṇḍinya), the thousand Jaṭila ṛṣis beginning with Ngeou-leou-p’in-louo Kia-chö (Uruvilva Kāśyapa), Śāriputra, Maudgalyāyana, Mahākāśyapa, etc., all entered into religion (pravrājita) in the Buddha’s Dharma”.

Ājñāta Kauṇḍinya, the foremost of the group of five (pañcavargīya) who were witnesses of the Buddha’s austerities and were present at the sermon at Benares. They became arhats when the Buddha preached the Anattalakkhaṇasutta to them (Vinaya, I, p. 14; Catuṣpariṣad, p. 170). The Traité has already mentioned them above, p. 102F, 1426F.

When the Buddha Śākyamuni turned the Wheel of Dharma, Kiao-tch’en-jou (Kauṇḍinya) was the only person to obtain the first [fruit] of the Path and 80,000 devas also obtained the purity of the dust-free and stainless eye of Dharma.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Kauṇḍinyā (कौण्डिन्या) is the name of a river mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa corresponding to a stream arising from the Kauṇḍinyasara. At the foot of the Naubandhana peak mentioned above, there lies to its north-west a vast lake designated Kramasāra for marking a footstep (krama) of Viṣṇu and Kauṇḍinyasara for being the abode of the Nāga Kauṇḍinya. A stream arising from the Kauṇḍinyasara is Kauṇḍinyā which meets the Kṣīranadī and then the united waters join the Viśokā. Naubandhana Māhātmya mentions it under the name Kaulinyā.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kaundinya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kauṇḍinya (कौंडिन्य).—m A tribe of Brahmans or an individual of it.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kaundinya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kauṇḍinya (कौण्डिन्य).—Name of a sage cf. तक्रकौण्डिन्यन्याय (takrakauṇḍinyanyāya) Appendix.

Derivable forms: kauṇḍinyaḥ (कौण्डिन्यः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kauṇḍinya (कौण्डिन्य).—(1) original name of Ājñāta-k°, q.v. (so also Pali Koṇḍañña): Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 206.10; 207.7 (Kauṇḍinya- gotra); Divyāvadāna 480.12; Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 161.17; Lalitavistara 419.4; 421.7; he was the first who knew or understood the Buddha's Law, hence his name Ājñāta-k°, compare Lalitavistara 421.1—2 dharmacakraṃ pravartitaṃ, Kauṇḍinyena ca ājñātaṃ; (2) name of a brahman, seemingly not the same as prec. tho the latter was a brahman in origin: Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 12.6 ff.; 108.3; 110.1; (3) the family name of Śarabhaṅga, q.v.: Mahāvastu iii.370.12; (4) name of a group of 2000 Buddhas: Mahāvastu i.58.10; (5) °nya-gotra, having the family name K., said of (Ājñāta-)K. in Saddharmapuṇḍarīka above, and of 300 former Buddhas, each of whom pre- dicted the next following one, except the last who pre- dicted the Buddha Candana: Mahāvastu iii.233.8—9, 13 ff.; 234.5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kauṇḍinya (कौण्डिन्य).—m.

(-nyaḥ) The name of a Muni or divine sage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kauṇḍinya (कौण्डिन्य).—i. e. kuṇḍinī (a proper name), + ya, metron. Mahābhārata 2, 111.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Kauṇḍinya (कौण्डिन्य) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—on dharma. Quoted by Nīlakaṇṭha in Śrāddhamayūkha and by Kamalākara in Nirṇayasindhu.

2) Kauṇḍinya (कौण्डिन्य):—Quoted in Taittirīyaprātiśākhya 5, 38. 18, 3. 19, 2. Sthavira Kauṇḍinya. ibid. 17, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kauṇḍinya (कौण्डिन्य):—[from kauṇḍina] m. [patronymic] [from] kuṇḍina (or [metronymic] [from] kuṇḍinī [gana] gargādi), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Pravara texts; Mahābhārata ii, 111; Lalita-vistara; Divyāvadāna xxxii]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of an old grammarian, [Taittirīya-prātiśākhya i, 5 and ii, 5 ff.]

3) [v.s. ...] (vyākaraṇa-), [Buddhist literature]

4) [v.s. ...] of Jaya-deva (cf. vidarbhī-k and ājñāta-k)

5) [v.s. ...] one of the 24 mythical Buddhas, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 136].

6) [v.s. ...] mfn. coming from Kuṇḍina, [Prasannarāghava]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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