Kaukritya, Kaukṛtya: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kaukritya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kaukṛtya can be transliterated into English as Kaukrtya or Kaukritya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Kaukritya in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Kaukṛtya (कौकृत्य, “regret”) refers to one of ten types of manifestly active defilements (paryavasthāna) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.—The Bodhisattvas (accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata) excelled in destroying various these ten manifestly active defilements (e.g., kaukṛtya).

Kaukṛtya also refers to one of the “twenty-four minor defilements” (upakleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 69).

2) Kaukṛtya (कौकृत्य, “regret”) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Accordingly, “the obstacle of excitement (auddhatya) and regret (kaukṛtya).—The person who is prey to regret (kaukṛtya) is like a criminal always tortured by fear (bhaya). When the arrow of regret has entered the mind, it is implanted there and cannot be torn out”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kaukritya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaukṛtya (कौकृत्य).—

1) Evil doing, wickedness.

2) Repentance.

-kaukkuṭa a. [kukkuṭa-aṇ] Relating to a cock; Rām. 2.91.7.

Derivable forms: kaukṛtyam (कौकृत्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kaukṛtya (कौकृत्य).—nt. (Sanskrit Lex.; compare prec.; = Pali kukkucca, of which or of a MIndic antecedent this is surely a Sanskritization), usually regret, remorse, worry, mental disturbance, ‘difficulties of conscience’ ([Sacred Books of the East] 13.51 for Pali kukkucca). This is the usual meaning in Pali; but sometimes the etymological meaning, seemingly wickedness, evil deeds, must apparently be as- sumed (as in Jātaka (Pali) i.119.29 hattha-kukkuccaṃ vā pāda- kukkuccaṃ vā). Cf. LaVallée Poussin, trnsl. of Abhidharmakośa ii.166: ‘le regret (kaukṛtya)…au propre…est la nature de ce qui est méfait (kukṛtabhāva); mais on entend par kaukṛtya un mental qui a pour objet (ālambana) le kau- kṛtya au sens propre, à savoir le regret (vipratisāra) relatif au méfait…Le kaukṛtya au sens propre est le point d'appui, la raison d'être du regret; donc le regret est nommé kaukṛtya’. In [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] this is the only certain meaning of the word: Mahāvyutpatti 1358; 1980; 5237 = Tibetan ḥgyod pa, regret, remorse, in 5237 = vipratisāra; similarly Chin.; [Prātimokṣasūtra des Sarvāstivādins] 504.9 bhikṣūṇāṃ kaukṛtyāya vilekhāya…; 518.3 bhikṣoḥ saṃcintya kaukṛtyam upasaṃharet, shall consciously cause disturbance of conscience (but see below) to a monk; Mahāvyutpatti 8487 kaukṛtyopasaṃhāraḥ, the causing of disturbance of conscience; Kāśyapa Parivarta 3.6 (verse) pareṣu kaukṛty' (= °tyam) upa- saṃharanti; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 285.9, 11 kaukṛtyam upasaṃharati; 287.2 kaukṛtyasthānaṃ (here Tibetan the tshom gnas, position of doubt, but better occasion for mental disturbance in another) ca na jātu kuryān, na lapsyase jñānam anutta- ra(ṃ) tvam; Mahāvastu iii.48.14 °tyam utpādetsuḥ; 173.9 cauro ahan ti tasya kaukṛtyam utpannaṃ; 173.19 mā kaukṛtyaṃ janehīti; Kāraṇḍavvūha 80.5 (mā tvaṃ…) kaukṛtyam utpādayasi; Śikṣāsamuccaya 138.1 lajjābhiḥ kaukṛtyasaṃpannaiḥ paralokāva- dyabhayadarśibhir; Lalitavistara 32.19 anupanāho…akaukṛtyāya saṃvartate,…leads to freedom from remorse; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 71.4 bhikṣūṇāṃ kaukṛtyavinodanārthaṃ, yathā…niṣkāṅkṣā nirvicikitsā bhaveyuḥ (see below); Śikṣāsamuccaya 135.16 tena niṣ- kaukṛtyena bhūtvā nirvicikitsakena…; Bodhisattvabhūmi 83.14 kaukṛtyaprativinodana-paricaryā; 137.24 niṣkaukṛtyo bha- vati; 250.20 sva-kaukṛtye samutpanne…yā lajjā; one of a list of upakleśa, Dharmasaṃgraha 69, and elsewhere associated with such things as vyāpāda, styāna-middha, auddhatya, vicikitsā, Bodhisattvabhūmi 173.1; auddhatya-kau°, one of the 5 nī- varaṇa, q.v.; paryavasthāna (q.v.) or possession by, fixation in, these ‘depravities’ leads to misery and must be avoided, Bodhisattvabhūmi 145.10 f.; 223.14; 243.22; kaukṛtya- paryutthānam (= paryavasthānam) Śikṣāsamuccaya 178.14; simi- larly, dṛṣṭi-kaukṛtya-pratiṣthitasya Kāśyapa Parivarta 96.4, where Tibetan renders as usual by ḥgyod, regret, remorse, which tends against interpretation of the word in this connection (as an upakleśa) etymologically, as state of wickedness; Śikṣāsamuccaya 191.7 a-kaukṛtya-tā, immediately followed by a-paryut- thāna-tā (compare Śikṣāsamuccaya 178.14 above); Śikṣāsamuccaya 171.4 āpatti-kaukṛ- tya-sthānaṃ viśodhayituṃ, perhaps to wipe away any occasion for remorse due to sin (but Bendall and Rouse state of sin and wickedness, taking kaukṛtya etymologically; the Tibetan is not cited); Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 139.(13—)14, 15 (yasya kasyacid anyasyānantaryakāriṇaḥ) kaukṛtyaṃ, tasya kaukṛtya- dṛṣṭivinivartanārthaṃ nikṣiptadhurasya kaukṛtyadṛṣṭya- bhāvārtham (Suzuki wickedness; but remorse, troubles of mind or conscience would seem preferable); Sādhanamālā 17.11 kaukṛtyam ājīvamalaṃ ratiṃ saṃgaṇikāsu ca (here wickedness seems more likely than in any other passage, but even here the word may mean only something like mental perturbation; note association with vicikitsā, kāṅkṣā, above; Chinese translations sometimes are said to render kau° by doubt, e.g. according to Finot on [Prātimokṣasūtra des Sarvāstivādins] 518.3; so perhaps understand Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 71.4, above).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaukṛtya (कौकृत्य).—n.

(-tyaṃ) 1. Evil doing, wickedness. 2. Repentance, E. ku bad, kṛtyā action, affix aṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaukṛtya (कौकृत्य):—n. ([from] ku-kṛta, or -kṛtya), evil doing, wickedness, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) repentance, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaukṛtya (कौकृत्य):—[kau-kṛtya] (tyaṃ) 1. n. Evil doing, wickedness; repentance.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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