Kattha, Kaṭṭha: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Kattha means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Aspects of Jaina Art and Architecture

Kaṭṭha (कट्ठ) or Kaṭṭhakamma refers to “images made of wood”.—Images of Tīrthaṃkaras were made of stones, metals, wood, clay, precious gems, jewels or semi-precious stones. Speaking about sthāpāna or installation of a symbol for a Guru during his absence, the Jaina canonical text Anuyogadvāra-sūtra says that it may be made of wood (kaṭṭha-kamma), stucco-work, painting, plaster, flower-work or knitting, or prepared by wrapped cloth or stuffed cast, repousse or beaten metal work.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kattha [ਕਾੱਠਾ] in the Punjabi language is the name of a plant identified with Rubia cordifolia L. from the Rubiaceae (Coffee) family having the following synonyms: Rubia cordata, Galium cordifolium, Rubia scandens. For the possible medicinal usage of kattha, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kattha in India is the name of a plant defined with Acacia catechu in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Acacia catechuoides (Roxb.) Benth. (among others).

2) Kattha is also identified with Acacia chundra It has the synonym Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd. var. sundra (Roxb.) Prain (etc.).

3) Kattha is also identified with Strychnos potatorum It has the synonym Strychnos heterodoxa Gilg (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora of Taiwan (1993)
· Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany (1981)
· Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie (1899)
· Supplementum Plantarum (1782)
· Numer. List (5227)
· Genera Plantarum (1873)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kattha, for example health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, extract dosage, side effects, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kattha : (adv.) where? || kaṭṭha (pp. of kasati), plouhged; tilled. (nt.) timber; a piece of wood.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kattha, (adv.) (der. fr. interr. base ka° (kad2), whereas Sk. kutra is der. fr. base ku°, cp. kuttha) where? where to, whither? Vin. I, 83, 107; II, 76; D. I, 223; Sn. 487, 1036; J. III, 76; Pv. II, 916; DhA. I, 3.—k. nu kho where then, where I wonder? D. I, 215 sq. , PvA. 22 (with Pot.) —katthaci(d) (indef.) anywhere, at some place or other J. I, 137; V, 468; wherever, in whatever place Miln. 366; PvA. 284; KhA 247; J. III, 229; IV, 9, 45; as katthacid eva J. IV. 92; PvA. 173. Sometimes doubled katthaci katthaci in whatsoever place J. IV, 341.—na k. nowhere M. I. 424; Miln. 77; VvA. 14.

— or —

1) Kaṭṭha, 3 (nt.) (Brh. kāṣṭha, cp. Ohg. holz) 1. a piece of wood, esp. a stick used as fuel, chips, firewood S. I, 168=Sn. 462; M. I, 234 (+ kaṭhala); PvA. 256 (+ tiṇa). In phrase “sattussada sa-tiṇa-kaṭṭh’odaka sa-dhañña” (densely populated with good supply of grass, firewood, water, and corn) in ster. description of a prosperous place (cp. Xenophon’s poλis oi)koumέnh eu)dai/mwn kai megaλh) D. I, 87, 111, etc. Both sg. (coll.) & pl. as “sticks” D. II, 341, esp. in phrase kaṭṭhaṃ phāleti to chop sticks Vin. I, 31; Sn. p. 104; J. II, 144; Pv. II, 951 (=PvA. 135), or k°ṃ pāteti (phāṭeti=phāleti? See pāteti) M. I, 21. Frequent also in similes: M. I, 241= II. 93=III, 95 (alla k.); M. III, 242=S. II, 97=IV. 215= V. 212 (dve k.); A. III, 6 (+ kaṭhala); IV, 72 (+ tiṇa); I, 124=Pug. 30, 36 (+ kaṭhala).—2. a piece of stick used for building huts (wattle and daub) M. I, 190. ‹-› 3. a stick, in avalekhana° (for scraping) Vin. II, 141, 221, and in danta° a tooth-pick VvA. 63, etc. (see danta).—4. (adj.) in cpds. =of wood, wooden.

2) Kaṭṭha, 2 (adj.) (Sk. kaṣṭa) bad, useless: see kaṭṭhaka2. Only in cpds.; perhaps also in pakaṭṭhaka.

3) Kaṭṭha, 1 (Sk. kṛṣṭa, pp. of kasati, cp. kiṭṭha) ploughed, tilled Sn. 80; Miln. 255; PvA. 45, 62. a° untilled, unprepared Anvs 27. su° well-ploughed A. I, 229; Miln. 255. (Page 177)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Katthā (कत्था):—(nm) catechu Terra japonica.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Kaṭṭha (कट्ठ) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kaṣṭa.

2) Kaṭṭha (कट्ठ) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kāṣṭha.

3) Kaṭṭha (कट्ठ) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kṛṣṭa.

4) Kaṭṭhā (कट्ठा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kāṣṭhā.

5) Kattha (कत्थ) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kattha.

6) Kattha (कत्थ) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kutaḥ.

7) Kattha (कत्थ) also relates to the Sanskrit words: Kva, Kutra.

8) Kattha (कत्थ) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kathya.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kattha (कत्थ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kattha.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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