Kathinya, Kāṭhinya: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Kathinya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य):—[kāṭhinyaṃ] Hardness

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kathinya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य) refers to “toughness”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.25 (“The seven celestial sages test Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Pārvatī said to the seven Sages: “O excellent sages, what you have said may be true according to your light and wisdom; but O brahmins, my tenacity cannot be affected. Being born of a mountain, toughness [i.e., kāṭhinya] is congenital to my body. Pondering over this with a short intellect you will please desist from preventing me. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kāṭhinya (काठिन्य).—n S Hardness, firmness, solidity.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kāṭhiṇya (काठिण्य).—n Hardness, solidity, firmness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य).—

1) Hardness, tightness; काठिन्यमुक्तस्तनम् (kāṭhinyamuktastanam) Ś.3.9.

2) Sternness, hard-heartedness, cruelty.

3) Diffculty, obscurity (of style). (-naḥ) The date fruit.

Derivable forms: kāṭhinyam (काठिन्यम्).

See also (synonyms): kāṭhina.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य).—n.

(-nyaṃ) 1. Hardness. 2. Difficulty, obscurity. 3. Sternness, severity. E. kaṭhina hard, and ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य).—i. e. kaṭhina + ya, n. 1. Hardness, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 58. 2. Firmness, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 440.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य).—[neuter] hardness, rigidity, firmness, severity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य):—[from kāṭhina] n. hardness, rigidity, stiffness, sternness, severity (Name of a disease), [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] firmness of character, difficulty, obscurity (of style) [commentator or commentary] on [Pāṇini 6-1, 24; Vopadeva xiii, 1; Śakuntalā 63; Kumāra-sambhava; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] error for kaṭhilla, [Lalita-vistara xliv, 7.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य):—(nyaṃ) 1. n. Hardness.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kāṭhiṇṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kathinya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kāṭhiṇya (ಕಾಠಿಣ್ಯ):—[noun] = ಕಾಠಿನ್ಯ [kathinya].

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Kāṭhinya (ಕಾಠಿನ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] the quality of being hard, rough or coarse; harshness; roughness.

2) [noun] the quality or fact of being unpleasantly crude, offensive to the mind or feelings of excessively severe; crudeness; severity.

3) [noun] the quality or state of being void of pity; cruelness.

4) [noun] the quality of being not easy to understand, perform or deal with; the condition or fact of being difficult; difficulty.

5) [noun] the power of, and resistance to hardships in life.

6) [noun] (min./geol.) power of, and resistance to scratching; hardness.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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