Kathinya, Kāṭhinya: 11 definitions



Kathinya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य):—[kāṭhinyaṃ] Hardness

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kāṭhinya (काठिन्य).—n S Hardness, firmness, solidity.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kāṭhiṇya (काठिण्य).—n Hardness, solidity, firmness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य).—

1) Hardness, tightness; काठिन्यमुक्तस्तनम् (kāṭhinyamuktastanam) Ś.3.9.

2) Sternness, hard-heartedness, cruelty.

3) Diffculty, obscurity (of style). (-naḥ) The date fruit.

Derivable forms: kāṭhinyam (काठिन्यम्).

See also (synonyms): kāṭhina.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य).—n.

(-nyaṃ) 1. Hardness. 2. Difficulty, obscurity. 3. Sternness, severity. E. kaṭhina hard, and ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य).—i. e. kaṭhina + ya, n. 1. Hardness, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 58. 2. Firmness, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 440.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य).—[neuter] hardness, rigidity, firmness, severity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य):—[from kāṭhina] n. hardness, rigidity, stiffness, sternness, severity (Name of a disease), [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] firmness of character, difficulty, obscurity (of style) [commentator or commentary] on [Pāṇini 6-1, 24; Vopadeva xiii, 1; Śakuntalā 63; Kumāra-sambhava; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] error for kaṭhilla, [Lalita-vistara xliv, 7.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य):—(nyaṃ) 1. n. Hardness.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य):—(wie eben) n. Härte, Steife; Rauhheit, Festigkeit des Charakters [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 14, 69.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 24,] [Scholiast] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 13, 1.] [Suśruta 2, 8, 14.] [Śākuntala 58.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 6, 73.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 10, 23.] kāṭhinyasya parīkṣārthamaṅgaṃ karmakṛtāmapi (apāṭayat) [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 440.]

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Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य):—[Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 21, 34.] kucayugale [Spr. 3985.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kāṭhinya (काठिन्य):—n.

1) Härte , Steife [Indische sprüche 7627.] als Krankheit [Śārṅgadhara’s Saṃhitā 1,7,10.] —

2) Rauhheit , Festigkeit des Charakters.

3) fehlerhaft für kaṭhilla [Lalitavistarapurāṇa 44,7.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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