Kassapa; 2 Definition(s)


Kassapa means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Kassapa Buddha - Also called Kassapa Dasabala to distinguish him from other Kassapas.

The twenty fourth Buddha, the third of the present neon (the Bhaddakappa) and one of the seven Buddhas mentioned in the Canon (D.ii.7).

He was born in Benares, in the Deer Park at Isipatana,

of brahmin parents, Brahmadatta and Dhanavati, belonging to the Kassapagotta.

For two thousand years he lived in the household, in three different palaces, Hamsa, Yasa and Sirinanda. (The BuA.217 calls the first two palaces Hamsava and Yasava).

He had as chief wife Sunanda, by whom he begot a son, Vijitasena.

Kassapa left the world, traveling in his palace (pasada), and practiced austerities for only seven days.

Just before his Enlightenment his wife gave him a meal of milk rice, and a yavapala named Soma gave him grass for his seat.

His bodhi was a banyan tree, and

he preached his first sermon at Isipatana to a crore of monks who had renounced the world in his company.

He performed the Twin Miracle at the foot of an asana tree outside Sundaranagara.

He held only one assembly of his disciples; among his most famous conversions was that of a yakkha, Naradeva (q.v.).

His chief disciples were Tissa and Bharadvaja among monks, and Anula and Uruvela among nuns, his constant attendant being Sabbamitta.

Among his patrons, the most eminent were Sumangala and Ghattikara, Vijitasena and Bhadda.

His body was twenty cubits high, and,

after having lived for twenty thousand years, he died in the Setavya pleasance at Setavya in Kasi.

Over his relics was raised a thupa one league in height, each brick of which was worth one crore.

It is said (MA.i.336ff ) that there was a great difference of opinion as to what should be the size of the thupa and of what material it should be constructed; when these points were finally settled and the work of building had started, the citizens found they had not enough money to complete it. Then an anagami devotee, named Sorata, went all over Jambudipa, enlisting the help of the people for the building of the thupa. He sent the money as he received it, and on hearing that the work was completed, he set out to go and worship the thupa; but he was seized by robbers and killed in the forest, which later came to be known as the Andhavana.

Upavana, in a previous birth, became the guardian deity of the cetiya, hence his great majesty in his last life (DA.ii.580; for another story of the building of the shrine see DhA.iii.29).

Among the thirty seven goddesses noticed by Guttila, when he visited heaven, was one who had offered a scented five spray at the cetiya (J.ii.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of kassapa in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

In Buddhist tradition, Kassapa is the name of a Buddha, the third of the five Buddhas of the present aeon (the Bhaddakappa or Fortunate Aeon), and the sixth of the six Buddhas prior to the historical Buddha mentioned in the earlier parts of the Pali Canon(D.ii.7). In the Buddhist texts in Sanskrit, this Buddha is known as Kasyapa.

Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

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