Kasheruka, Kaśeruka, Kaseruka, Kaserukā, Kaṣerukā: 8 definitions

Introduction

Kasheruka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kaśeruka and Kaṣerukā can be transliterated into English as Kaseruka or Kasheruka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kasheruka in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kaśeruka (कशेरुक) is a Sanskrit word possibly referring to Scirpus grossus (greater club-rush), a plant species in the Cyperaceae family. Certain plant parts of Tarūṭa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Note that Scirpus grossus and Actinoscirpus grossus are synonyms.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: BDK Tripiṭaka: The Susiddhikara-sūtra

Kaśeruka (कशेरुक) refers to a type of bulbous root, as mentioned in Chapter 12 (“offering food”) of the Susiddhikara-sūtra. Accordingly, “the ripened taro root is also suitable for the Buddha Family, [as are also] the kaśeruka root, the vidārī root, the vāyasī root, the kukūṭī root, and other bulbous roots. [...] I have explained bulbous roots in brief: use them to make offerings in due accordance with the particular family and [the distinctions between] higher, middling, and lower [accomplishments]. If you differentiate them in this manner, you will quickly gain success”.

When you wish to offer food [viz., kaśeruka], first cleanse the ground, sprinkle scented water all around, spread out on the ground leaves that have been washed clean, such as lotus leaves, palāśa (dhak) leaves, and leaves from lactescent trees, or new cotton cloth, and then set down the oblatory dishes. [...] First smear and sprinkle the ground and then spread the leaves; wash your hands clean, rinse out your mouth several times, swallow some water, and then you should set down the food [viz., kaśeruka]. [...]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kasheruka in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Kaśeruka (कशेरुक) in Sanskrit and Kaseruga in Prakrit refers to the plant Scirpus kysoor Roxb. This plant is classifed as ananta-kāya, or “plants that are inhabited by an infinite number of living organisms”, and therefore are abhakṣya (forbidden to consume) according to both Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246) and Hemacandra (in his Yogaśāstra 3.44-46). Those plants which are classified as ananta-kāyas (eg., kaśeruka) seem to be chosen because of certain morphological peculiarities such as the possession of bulbs or rhizomes orthe habit of periodically shedding their leaves; and in general theyare characterized by possibilities of vegetative reproduction.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kasheruka in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kaseruka, (etym. connected with Sk. kaseru backbone?) a plant, shrub SnA 284 (v. l. kaṃsīruka for kiṃsuka?). See also kaṭeruha. (Page 202)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kasheruka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaśeruka (कशेरुक).—A sort of grass.

-kā The backbone.

Derivable forms: kaśerukaḥ (कशेरुकः).

See also (synonyms): kaseruka.

--- OR ---

Kaṣerukā (कषेरुका).—The backbone, the spine.

See also (synonyms): kaserukā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaśeruka (कशेरुक).—f.

(-kā) The back bone. n.

(-kaṃ) A sort grass, (Scirpus kysoor.) E. kan added to the preceding.

--- OR ---

Kaṣerukā (कषेरुका).—f.

(-kā) The back-bone, the spine: see kaśerukā.

--- OR ---

Kaserukā (कसेरुका).—f.

(-kā) 1. A sort of grass. 2. The back bone: see kaśerukā.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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