Kartripura, Kartṛpura, Kartri-pura: 5 definitions



Kartripura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kartṛpura can be transliterated into English as Kartrpura or Kartripura, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Kartṛpura (कर्तृपुर) is a place name ending in pura mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Though the most accepted and correct reading is Kartṛpura, some scholars prefer to read Katṛpura or Kātripura. It is one of the five frontier kingdoms mentioned in the inscription whose kings did homage and paid tribute to Samudragupta.

Scholars differ in their views about the identificationof this place-name: According to smith, this kingdom “occupied the lower ranges of the western Himalayas, including probably Kumaon, Garhwal, and Kangra”. Oldham holds that the kingdom of Kātripura, included Kumaun, Almora, Garhwal and Kangra. Fleet suggests that the name may survive in Kartarpur in the Jullundur district.

The view of Daśaratha Sharma is that amongst the five frontier kingdoms mentioned in the inscription, the first three belong to the East, the fourth one belongs to the North, hence it will be better to leave aside the northern and eastern sides of the empire and to look for Kartṛpura somewhere to the west of the Gupta dominions. Consequently he finds Karor or Karūr to be a good equivalent for Kartṛpura. Kara here stands for Kārtṛ and “ur” or “ūr” would stand here for pura. Karūr, again, is to be perferred to the other alternatives on account of its associations with the Gupta period of Indian History.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Early Gupta Kings

Kartṛpura (कर्तृपुर).—As regards Kartṛpura, Fleet suggests that the name may survive in Kartārpur in the Jullundur District, Panjab. C. F. Oldham refers to the Katuria Rāj of Kumaon, Garhwal and Rohilkhand. To speak more accurately, Kartṛpura denotes the Katyūr Valley with Baijanath or Kārtikēyapura as the capital of the Katyūri Rājās in the Almora District.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kartripura in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kartṛpura (कर्तृपुर):—[=kartṛ-pura] [from kartṛ > kartave] n. Name of a town.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kartṛpura (कर्तृपुर):—(kartar + pura) n. Nomen proprium einer Stadt [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde II, 953.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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