Karpasa, Kārpāsa, Karpāsa: 14 definitions



Karpasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kārpāsa (कार्पास) is a Sanskrit word referring to “Levantine cotton tree”, a species of cotton from the Malvaceae (mallows) family of flowering plants, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known as Karpāsa or Kārpāsī. The word Kārpāsa as an adjective literally translates to “made of cotton, cottony”. The official botanical name is Gossypium herbaceum and is commonly known in English as “Indian cotton” or “common cotton” among others.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Kārpāsa (कार्पास) or Vanavṛkṣa refers to Gossypium herbaceum, and is the name of a medicinal plant dealt with in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs (viz., Kārpāsa) during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Source: Namah Journal: An overview of certain Āyurvedic herbs in the management of viral hepatitis

Karpāsa (कर्पास) refers to the medicinal plant known as Gossypium herbaceum, Linn., and is employed in the treatment of Kāmala.—Among the single and compound preparations described in Āyurveda for the treatment of kāmala, some of the drugs have been found to be effective. A scientific study of the drugs [viz., Karpāsa] was carried out and significant response observed.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Kārpāsa (कार्पास) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Gossypium arboretum Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning kārpāsa] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kārpāsa (कार्पास).—m S The cotton plant, Gossypium. 2 Cotton.

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kārpāsa (कार्पास).—a S Relating to cotton.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kārpāsa (कार्पास).—m The cotton plant. a Relating to cotton.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karpāsa (कर्पास).—The cotton tree.

Derivable forms: karpāsaḥ (कर्पासः), karpāsam (कर्पासम्).

See also (synonyms): karpāsī.

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Kārpāsa (कार्पास).—a.

1) (- f) [कर्पास्याः अवयवः अण् (karpāsyāḥ avayavaḥ aṇ)] Made of cotton; वेष्टन्ते तस्य लाङ्गूलं जीर्णैः कार्पासिकैः पटैः (veṣṭante tasya lāṅgūlaṃ jīrṇaiḥ kārpāsikaiḥ paṭaiḥ) Rām.5. 53.6.

-saḥ, -sam 1 Anything made of cotton; क्रोञ्चः कार्पासिकं हृत्वा मृतो जायति मानवः (kroñcaḥ kārpāsikaṃ hṛtvā mṛto jāyati mānavaḥ) Mb.13.111.16. Ms.8.326. अयमपि विधिर्न मृदुनामिव कार्पासानां कृतः मतिषेधविषय आरभ्यते (ayamapi vidhirna mṛdunāmiva kārpāsānāṃ kṛtaḥ matiṣedhaviṣaya ārabhyate) Mahābhārata on P.IV.1.55.

2) Paper.

-sī The cotton plant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karpāsa (कर्पास).—mn.

(-saḥ-saṃ) Cotton. f. (-sī) The cotton tree; also kārpāsī. E. kṛ to do, &c. pāsa Unadi aff.

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Kārpāsa (कार्पास).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sī-saṃ) Made of cotton, cottony, &c. nf. (-saṃ-sī) 1. The cotton plant, (Gossypium hirsutum-) n.

(-saṃ) 1. Cotton cloth, &c. 2. Paper. E. kṛ to make, to do, pāsa Unadi affix, the vowel of the radical being lengthened.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karpāsa (कर्पास).— (see karpaṭa), m. and n. Cotton, [Suśruta] 2, 481, 13.

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Kārpāsa (कार्पास).—i. e. karpāsa + a, I. adj., f. , Made of cotton, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 44. Ii. m. and n. 1. Cotton, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 326. 2. Cotton cloth, [Suśruta] 1, 25, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kārpāsa (कार्पास).—[masculine] ī [feminine] cotton; adj. made of cotton.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karpāsa (कर्पास):—mf(ī)n. the cotton tree, cotton, Gossypium Herbaceum, [Suśruta]

2) cf. [Greek] κάρπασος; [Latin] carbasus.

3) Kārpāsa (कार्पास):—mf(ī[cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])n. ([from] karpāsa; [gana] bilvādi), made of cotton, cottony, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Lāṭyāyana; Manu-smṛti] etc.

4) mn. cotton, cotton cloth, etc., [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) paper, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karpāsa (कर्पास):—[(saḥ-saṃ)] 1. m. n. Cotton. f. () The cotton tree.

2) Kārpāsa (कार्पास):—[(saḥ-sī-saṃ)] 1. n. 3. f. The cotton plant. n. Cotton cloth; paper. a. Made of cotton.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Karpāsa (कर्पास):—[Die Uṇādi-Affixe 5, 45.] m. n. gaṇa ardharcādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher.2,4,31.] [Amarakoṣa.3,6,4,35, v. l.] [Siddhāntakaumudī 249,b,7.] m. die Baumwollenstaude, Gossypium herbaceum [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1139] (nach dem [Scholiast] auch n.). karpāsamūla [Suśruta 2, 481, 13.] karpāsadhenumāhātmya [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 485. fg.] karpāsācaladāna [No. 468.] Auch karpāsī gaṇa vilvādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 136.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 4, 4.] — Vgl. kārpāsa .

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Kārpāsa (कार्पास):—(von karpāsa) gaṇa vilvādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 136.]

1) adj. f. ī baumwollen [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 3, 12.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 669.] vāsaḥ [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 9, 4.] [LĀṬY. 2, 6, 1. 9, 2, 14.] upavītam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 44.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 143,] [Scholiast] —

2) m. n. [Amarakoṣa 3, 6, 4, 35.] Baumwolle, Baumwollenzeug: prasahyakāriṇaḥ kecitkārpasamṛdavo pare [Mahābhārata 13, 2093.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 326. 11, 168. 12, 64.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 179.] kārpāsakṛtoṣṇīṣāṇi [Suśruta 1, 25, 3. 65, 13. 108, 6. 2, 423, 3.] —

3) f. kārpāsī die Baumwollenstaude ( = karpāsī) [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 4, 4,] [Scholiast] [Suśruta 1, 145, 18.] phala [2, 9, 4. 367, 10.] Auch kārpāsa [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 4, 23.] kārpāsāsthi ein Samenkorn der Baumwollenstaude [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 78.] kārpāsavīja [Scholiast] zur [Taittirīyasaṃhitā] in der Bibl. ind. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 265.] — Vgl. araṇyakārpāsī, vanakārpāsa und [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde I, 250, Nalopākhyāna 2.]

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Kārpāsa (कार्पास):—

2) kārpāsācaladāna [Oxforder Handschriften 35,b,29. Z. 2] lies kārpāsamṛdavo .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Karpāsa (कर्पास):—(*m. *f. ī und *n.) und f. ([Bhāvaprakāśa 1,209]) die Baumwollenstaude , Baumwolle.

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Kārpāsa (कार्पास):——

1) Adj. (*f. ī) baumwollen.

2) m. f. ( ī) die Baumwollenstaude zu [Indische sprüche 3802.] —

3) (*m. *n.) Baumwolle , Baumwollenzeug.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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