Karpasa, Kārpāsa, Karpāsa: 21 definitions


Karpasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kārpāsa (कार्पास) is a Sanskrit word referring to “Levantine cotton tree”, a species of cotton from the Malvaceae (mallows) family of flowering plants, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known as Karpāsa or Kārpāsī. The word Kārpāsa as an adjective literally translates to “made of cotton, cottony”. The official botanical name is Gossypium herbaceum and is commonly known in English as “Indian cotton” or “common cotton” among others.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Kārpāsa (कार्पास) or Vanavṛkṣa refers to Gossypium herbaceum, and is the name of a medicinal plant dealt with in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs (viz., Kārpāsa) during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Source: Namah Journal: An overview of certain Āyurvedic herbs in the management of viral hepatitis

Karpāsa (कर्पास) refers to the medicinal plant known as Gossypium herbaceum, Linn., and is employed in the treatment of Kāmala.—Among the single and compound preparations described in Āyurveda for the treatment of kāmala, some of the drugs have been found to be effective. A scientific study of the drugs [viz., Karpāsa] was carried out and significant response observed.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Kārpāsa (कार्पास) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Gossypium arboretum Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning kārpāsa] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Kārpāsa (कार्पास) refers to “cotton-seed (juice)”, and is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment (cikitsā) of rat poison (ākhu-viṣa), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Kāśyapa has recommended a slew of generic formulae that successfully neutralise rat poison.—According to Kāśyapasaṃhitā (verse 11.37cd-38ab): “The victim can also be cured with a drink of cotton-seed juice (kārpāsarasa) along with oil. Rat poison can alternatively be quelled by prescribing an infusion of one khārī or measure of the root of Vandhyā and Tāpiñcha separately”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Karpāsa (कर्पास) refers to “cotton”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(The Śāmbhava yogi) has the authority (to perform the rites), knows the scripture and has a consort. [...] Free of duality, egoless, free of craving, he awakens the body (of mantra). He is well conjoined to the transmission of the intense (form of the) Command. He carries a patchwork quilt and (wears) cotton [i.e., karpāsa-dhārinkanthākarpāsadhārinaḥ]. Always intent on wandering at night, he is said to be a Śāktayogin”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Karpāsa (कर्पास) refers to “cotton”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If the eclipses should fall in the lunar month of Vaiśākha cotton [i.e., karpāsa], gingelly and beans will be injured; the Ikṣvākus, the Yaudheyas, the Śakas and the Kaliṅgas will suffer; but there will be prosperity over the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Karpasa [কার্পাস] in the Bengali language is the name of a plant identified with Gossypium hirsutum L. from the Malvaceae (Mallow) family having the following synonyms: Gossypium mexicanum, Gossypium religiosum. For the possible medicinal usage of karpasa, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Karpasa [कार्पास] in the Marathi language, ibid. previous identification.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Karpasa in India is the name of a plant defined with Gossypium arboreum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Gossypium arboreum Parl. (among others).

2) Karpasa is also identified with Gossypium barbadense It has the synonym Hibiscus barbadensis Kuntze (etc.).

3) Karpasa is also identified with Gossypium herbaceum It has the synonym Gossypium arboreum auct., non L. (etc.).

4) Karpasa is also identified with Gossypium hirsutum It has the synonym Gossypium elatum Salisb., nom. illeg. superfl . (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Monadelphiae Classis Dissertationes Decem (1788)
· Taxon (1969)
· Acta Agric. Univ. Zhejiang. (1997)
· Fl. Antil. (1818)
· The Flora of British India (1874)
· Current Science (1984)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Karpasa, for example side effects, health benefits, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, chemical composition, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kārpāsa (कार्पास).—m S The cotton plant, Gossypium. 2 Cotton.

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kārpāsa (कार्पास).—a S Relating to cotton.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kārpāsa (कार्पास).—m The cotton plant. a Relating to cotton.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karpāsa (कर्पास).—The cotton tree.

Derivable forms: karpāsaḥ (कर्पासः), karpāsam (कर्पासम्).

See also (synonyms): karpāsī.

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Kārpāsa (कार्पास).—a.

1) (- f) [कर्पास्याः अवयवः अण् (karpāsyāḥ avayavaḥ aṇ)] Made of cotton; वेष्टन्ते तस्य लाङ्गूलं जीर्णैः कार्पासिकैः पटैः (veṣṭante tasya lāṅgūlaṃ jīrṇaiḥ kārpāsikaiḥ paṭaiḥ) Rām.5. 53.6.

-saḥ, -sam 1 Anything made of cotton; क्रोञ्चः कार्पासिकं हृत्वा मृतो जायति मानवः (kroñcaḥ kārpāsikaṃ hṛtvā mṛto jāyati mānavaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.111.16. Manusmṛti 8.326. अयमपि विधिर्न मृदुनामिव कार्पासानां कृतः मतिषेधविषय आरभ्यते (ayamapi vidhirna mṛdunāmiva kārpāsānāṃ kṛtaḥ matiṣedhaviṣaya ārabhyate) Mahābhārata on P.IV.1.55.

2) Paper.

-sī The cotton plant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karpāsa (कर्पास).—mn.

(-saḥ-saṃ) Cotton. f. (-sī) The cotton tree; also kārpāsī. E. kṛ to do, &c. pāsa Unadi aff.

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Kārpāsa (कार्पास).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sī-saṃ) Made of cotton, cottony, &c. nf. (-saṃ-sī) 1. The cotton plant, (Gossypium hirsutum-) n.

(-saṃ) 1. Cotton cloth, &c. 2. Paper. E. kṛ to make, to do, pāsa Unadi affix, the vowel of the radical being lengthened.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karpāsa (कर्पास).— (see karpaṭa), m. and n. Cotton, [Suśruta] 2, 481, 13.

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Kārpāsa (कार्पास).—i. e. karpāsa + a, I. adj., f. , Made of cotton, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 44. Ii. m. and n. 1. Cotton, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 326. 2. Cotton cloth, [Suśruta] 1, 25, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kārpāsa (कार्पास).—[masculine] ī [feminine] cotton; adj. made of cotton.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karpāsa (कर्पास):—mf(ī)n. the cotton tree, cotton, Gossypium Herbaceum, [Suśruta]

2) cf. [Greek] κάρπασος; [Latin] carbasus.

3) Kārpāsa (कार्पास):—mf(ī[cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])n. ([from] karpāsa; [gana] bilvādi), made of cotton, cottony, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Lāṭyāyana; Manu-smṛti] etc.

4) mn. cotton, cotton cloth, etc., [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) paper, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karpāsa (कर्पास):—[(saḥ-saṃ)] 1. m. n. Cotton. f. () The cotton tree.

2) Kārpāsa (कार्पास):—[(saḥ-sī-saṃ)] 1. n. 3. f. The cotton plant. n. Cotton cloth; paper. a. Made of cotton.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kārpāsa (कार्पास) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kappāsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Karpasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Karpāsa (ಕರ್ಪಾಸ):—[noun] the cotton plant (Gossypium herbaceum (= G. obtusifolium) of Malvaceae family).

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Kārpāsa (ಕಾರ್ಪಾಸ):—[adjective] made of or containing cotton.

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Kārpāsa (ಕಾರ್ಪಾಸ):—

1) [noun] the soft, white seed hairs filling the seedpods of various shrubby plants (genus Gossypium) of the mallow family originally native to the tropics; cotton.

2) [noun] a cotton cloth.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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