Karkota, Karkoṭa: 11 definitions

Introduction

Karkota means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Karkoṭa (कर्कोट).—The Nāga presiding over the month of puṣya.1 A Kādraveya Nāga.2 The sabhā of, in Māhiṣamati. His son defeated by Kārtavīrya Arjuna;3 used for Tripurārī's chariot.4 The assembly of, conquered by Kārtavīrya Arjuna.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 42; Matsya-purāṇa 126. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 17; 69. 70.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 17; III. 7. 34; IV. 20. 53; 33. 36; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 39; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 22.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 26; Matsya-purāṇa 43. 29.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 133. 33; 163. 56.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 26.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (K) next»] — Karkota in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Kathā

Karkoṭa (कर्कोट).—One of the eight kulas (‘families’) of nāgas mentioned by Soḍḍhala in his Udayasundarīkathā. Karkoṭa, and other nāgas, reside in pātāla (the nether world) and can assume different forms at will. Their movement is unobstructed in the all the worlds and they appear beautiful, divine and strong.

The Udayasundarīkathā is a Sanskrit work in the campū style, narrating the story of the Nāga princess Udayasundarī and Malayavāhana, king of Pratiṣṭhāna. Soḍḍhala is a descendant of Kalāditya (Śilāditya’s brother) whom he praises as an incarnation of a gaṇa (an attendant of Śiva).

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)

Karkoṭa (कर्कोट) or Karkoṭatantra refers to one of the twenty Bhūtatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Karkoṭa-tantra belonging to the Bhūta class.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Kārkoṭa (कार्कोट) or Kārkoṭaka refers to a type of vegetables fit for use in oblation offerings, according to verse 25.121b-125 of the Īśvarasaṃhitā.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: Vajrayogini

Karkoṭa (कर्कोट).—Serpent deity (nāga) of the western cremation ground.—In the Śmaśānavidhi 9, the nāga Karkoṭa is described as “resplendent as dark-green dūrvā grass”, with three lines on his throat, and making the añjali.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Karkoṭa (कर्कोट) is the name of a serpent (nāga) associated with Karaṅkaka: the western cremation ground (śmaśāna) according to the Vajravārāhī-sādhana by Umāpatideva as found in te 12th century Guhyasamayasādhanamālā. As a part of this sādhana, the practicioner is to visualize a suitable dwelling place for the goddess inside the circle of protection which takes the form of eight cremation grounds.

These nāga-kings (eg., Karkoṭa) are variously known as nāgarāja, nāgeśa, nāgendra and bhujageśa and are depicted as wearing white ornaments according to Lūyīpāda’s Śmaśānavidhi. They have human tosos above their coiled snaketails and raised hoods above their heads. They each have their own color assigned and they bear a mark upon their raised hoods. They all make obeisance to the dikpati (protector) who is before them and are seated beneath the tree (vṛkṣa).

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Karkoṭa (कर्कोट) refers to one of the eight serpent king (nāgendra) of the Guṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the guṇacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. Karkoṭa is associated with the charnel grounds (śmaśāna) named Jvālākulakaraṅka; with the tree (vṛkṣa) named Kaṅkelli; with the direction-guardians (dikpāla) named Varuṇa and with the cloud king (meghendra) named Ghora.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karkoṭa (कर्कोट).—

1) One of the eight principal cobras. [When king Nala, being persecuted by Kali, was made to undergo many hardships, Karkoṭa, who was once saved by him from fire, so deformed him that none might recognise him during his days of adversity.]

2) The sugar-cane.

3) The बिल्व (bilva) tree.

Derivable forms: karkoṭaḥ (कर्कोटः).

See also (synonyms): karkoṭaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karkoṭa (कर्कोट).—m.

(-ṭaḥ) One of the principle serpents or Nagas of Patala.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karkoṭa (कर्कोट).—[masculine] [Name] of a serpent-demon, [plural] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karkoṭa (कर्कोट):—m. Name of one of the principal Nāgas of Pātāla, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī] etc.

2) m. [plural] Name of a people, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) n. Name of a plant, [Suśruta]

4) Kārkoṭa (कार्कोट):—m. Name of a serpent-demon, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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