Karkandhu, Karkandhū, Karkamdhu: 14 definitions


Karkandhu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Karkandhu in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु) is the name of a daitya chief, presiding over Gabhasti, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.44-45. Gabhasti refers to one of the seven pātālas (‘subterranean paradise’). The word pātāla in this tantra refers to subterranean paradises for seekers of otherworldly pleasures and each the seven pātālas is occupied by a regent of the daityas, nāgas and rākṣasas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Karkandhu in Ayurveda glossary

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु) refers to a type of fruit-bearing plant, according to the Yajurveda, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—We can see the description of flowering and fruit bearing plants in Ṛgveda. But we come across the specific names of them only in the later Saṃhita and Brāhmaṇa literature. Badara, kuvala, karkandhu, the varieties of jujube, bilva and kharjūra can be seen referred to in Yajurveda.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Ziziphus oenoplia (Linn.) Mill.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning karkandhu] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Karkandhu in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Karkandhu in India is the name of a plant defined with Ziziphus jujuba in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Ziziphus sativa Gaertner (among others).

2) Karkandhu is also identified with Ziziphus mauritiana It has the synonym Rhamnus jujuba Linnaeus (etc.).

3) Karkandhu is also identified with Ziziphus nummularia It has the synonym Ziziphus nummularia (Burm.f.) Wight (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France (1909)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1984)
· The Gardeners Dictionary (1768)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis (1913)
· Flore Forestière Soudano-Guinéenne (1950)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Karkandhu, for example extract dosage, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, health benefits, chemical composition, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Karkandhu in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु) or Karkandhū (कर्कन्धू).—f. [karkaṃ kaṇṭakaṃ dadhāti dhā-kū Uṇādi-sūtra 1.93.]

1) The jujube tree; अलावुकर्कन्धुट्टन्भुफलमिति (alāvukarkandhuṭṭanbhuphalamiti) Mahābhārata on P.IV.3.61. कर्कन्धूफलपाकमिश्रपचनामोदः परिस्तीर्यते (karkandhūphalapākamiśrapacanāmodaḥ paristīryate) Uttararāmacarita 4.1; कर्कन्धूनामुपरि तुहिनं रञ्जयत्यग्रसंध्या (karkandhūnāmupari tuhinaṃ rañjayatyagrasaṃdhyā) Ś.4. v.1; कर्कन्धूफलमुच्चिनोति शबरी मुक्ताफलाशङ्क्या (karkandhūphalamuccinoti śabarī muktāphalāśaṅkyā) S. D.

2) The fruit of this tree, यजेत दधिकर्कन्धूमिश्रान्पिण्डान्यवैः क्रियाः (yajeta dadhikarkandhūmiśrānpiṇḍānyavaiḥ kriyāḥ) Y.1.25.

3) A term applied to a fetus of ten days old; दशाहेन तु कर्कन्धूः (daśāhena tu karkandhūḥ) Bhāgavata 3.31.2. -m. (ndhuḥ) A well without water; comm. on. Uṇādi-sūtra 1.28.

Derivable forms: karkandhuḥ (कर्कन्धुः), karkandhūḥ (कर्कन्धूः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु).—mf.

(-ndhuḥ-ndhūḥ) A tree, the jujube: see the next.

--- OR ---

Karkandhū (कर्कन्धू).—mf.

(-ndhūḥ-ndhūḥ) The jujube (Zizyphus jujuba.) E. karka excellent, dhā to have, and ku Unadi affix, fem. affix ūñ

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु).—I. m., and f. dhū, The jujube, Zizyphus jujuba. Ii. n. Its fruit, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 240; also the fem. dhū, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 31, 32. Iii. m. A proper name, Chr. 296, 6 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु).—[masculine] [feminine] the jujube tree, [neuter] its fruit.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु):—mf. us, ūs ([from] karka and √dhā [commentator or commentary] on [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 95]; according to others [from] karka and andhu, ‘a well’), Zizyphus Jujuba

2) n. (u) the fruit of this tree, the jujube berry, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Suśruta] etc.

3) m. (us) a well without water, one dried up [commentator or commentary] on [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 28]

4) Name of a man, [Ṛg-veda i, 112, 6]

5) f. (ūs) a term or name applied to a fetus which is ten days old, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 31, 2.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karkandhū (कर्कन्धू):—[karka-ndhū] (ndhūḥ) 3. m. f. Idem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kakkaṃdhu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Karkandhu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Karkandhu in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Karkaṃdhu (ಕರ್ಕಂಧು):—

1) [noun] the tree Ziziphus mauritiana (= Z. jujuba) of Rhamnaceae family.

2) [noun] its plum; Indian plum.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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