Karkandhu, Karkandhū: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Karkandhu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Karkandhu in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु) is the name of a daitya chief, presiding over Gabhasti, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.44-45. Gabhasti refers to one of the seven pātālas (‘subterranean paradise’). The word pātāla in this tantra refers to subterranean paradises for seekers of otherworldly pleasures and each the seven pātālas is occupied by a regent of the daityas, nāgas and rākṣasas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Karkandhu in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु) refers to a type of fruit-bearing plant, according to the Yajurveda, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—We can see the description of flowering and fruit bearing plants in Ṛgveda. But we come across the specific names of them only in the later Saṃhita and Brāhmaṇa literature. Badara, kuvala, karkandhu, the varieties of jujube, bilva and kharjūra can be seen referred to in Yajurveda.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Ziziphus oenoplia (Linn.) Mill.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning karkandhu] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Karkandhu in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु) or Karkandhū (कर्कन्धू).—f. [karkaṃ kaṇṭakaṃ dadhāti dhā-kū Uṇ.1.93.]

1) The jujube tree; अलावुकर्कन्धुट्टन्भुफलमिति (alāvukarkandhuṭṭanbhuphalamiti) Mahābhārata on P.IV.3.61. कर्कन्धूफलपाकमिश्रपचनामोदः परिस्तीर्यते (karkandhūphalapākamiśrapacanāmodaḥ paristīryate) U.4.1; कर्कन्धूनामुपरि तुहिनं रञ्जयत्यग्रसंध्या (karkandhūnāmupari tuhinaṃ rañjayatyagrasaṃdhyā) Ś.4. v.1; कर्कन्धूफलमुच्चिनोति शबरी मुक्ताफलाशङ्क्या (karkandhūphalamuccinoti śabarī muktāphalāśaṅkyā) S. D.

2) The fruit of this tree, यजेत दधिकर्कन्धूमिश्रान्पिण्डान्यवैः क्रियाः (yajeta dadhikarkandhūmiśrānpiṇḍānyavaiḥ kriyāḥ) Y.1.25.

3) A term applied to a fetus of ten days old; दशाहेन तु कर्कन्धूः (daśāhena tu karkandhūḥ) Bhāg.3.31.2. -m. (ndhuḥ) A well without water; comm. on. Uṇ.1.28.

Derivable forms: karkandhuḥ (कर्कन्धुः), karkandhūḥ (कर्कन्धूः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु).—mf.

(-ndhuḥ-ndhūḥ) A tree, the jujube: see the next.

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Karkandhū (कर्कन्धू).—mf.

(-ndhūḥ-ndhūḥ) The jujube (Zizyphus jujuba.) E. karka excellent, dhā to have, and ku Unadi affix, fem. affix ūñ

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु).—I. m., and f. dhū, The jujube, Zizyphus jujuba. Ii. n. Its fruit, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 240; also the fem. dhū, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 31, 32. Iii. m. A proper name, Chr. 296, 6 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु).—[masculine] [feminine] the jujube tree, [neuter] its fruit.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु):—mf. us, ūs ([from] karka and √dhā [commentator or commentary] on [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 95]; according to others [from] karka and andhu, ‘a well’), Zizyphus Jujuba

2) n. (u) the fruit of this tree, the jujube berry, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Suśruta] etc.

3) m. (us) a well without water, one dried up [commentator or commentary] on [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 28]

4) Name of a man, [Ṛg-veda i, 112, 6]

5) f. (ūs) a term or name applied to a fetus which is ten days old, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 31, 2.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karkandhū (कर्कन्धू):—[karka-ndhū] (ndhūḥ) 3. m. f. Idem.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु):—

1) m. f. (ndhū [Die Uṇādi-Affixe 1, 93.] gaṇa vilvādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 136]) gaṇa śakandhvādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher.6,1,94, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 2.4,1,66, Vārttika von Kātyāyana., Scholiast] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik.4,29.] [Amarakoṣa.3,6,5,38.] [Siddhāntakaumudī 251,a,4] v. u. Judendorn, Zizyphus Jujuba Lam., die Species mit grösserer Frucht (fructu oblongo, Voigt) [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 17.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1138.] [Mahīdhara] zu [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 19, 9. 23.] n. die Frucht des Baumes, Brustbeere [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 19, 23. 91. 21, 32.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 5, 5, 4, 10. 12, 7, 2, 9. 9, 1, 5.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 19, 2, 19.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 10.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 249.] [Suśruta 1, 209, 4. 17.] [?ad Śākuntala 78. Der Scholiast zu Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 15, 10, 11] will darunter die nicht essbaren Früchte einer wilden Species verstanden wissen. karkandhurohita röthlich wie die Brustbeere [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 24, 2.] Auch karkandhū für die Beere: kalanaṃ tvekarātreṇa pañcarātreṇa budbudam . daśāhena tu karkandhūḥ peśyaṇḍaṃ vā tataḥ param (vom Foetus) || [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 31, 32.] —

2) m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes [Ṛgveda 1, 112, 6.]

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Karkandhu (कर्कन्धु):—

1) [Kāṭhaka-Recension 12, 10.] karkandhūphala [Spr. 2213.] —

3) karkandhurnaṣṭakūpaḥ syāditi subhūtiḥ [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 1, 28.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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