Karira, Karīra, Kārīra: 10 definitions

Introduction

Karira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Karīra (करीर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VIII.30.24) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Karīra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Karīra (करीर) is the name of a plant from which is derived flour used in the Kārīrī rite, as mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 18.6 and 21.37. The rite is called Kārīrī, because flour made from a plant named Karīra is mixed with honey and used in making balls (piṇḍī) for the purpose of oblations. A characteristic feature of the rite is that the sacrificer puts on black clothing, a symbol of the colour of the rain clouds. The Maruts are addressed as follows:—“ramayata marutaḥ śyenamāyinaṃ manojavasaṃ vṛṣa?? suvṛktim”. The flour is mixed with honey by addressing the waters, of which eleven names are recorded. See Taittirīyasaṃhitā (Ānandāśrama edition) 2.4.7ff and Sāyaṇa thereon. As regards Karīra, Sāyaṇa describes it as the sprout of a creeper resembling the Soma plant. In another place (1.8.3) he says that according to some, it is the fruit of the date palm. The usual meaning of the word is “bamboo-shoot”. Cf. Naiṣadha 5.14; 9.12; Māgha 4.14 (vaṃśakarīranīlaiḥ).

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Karīra (करीर) refers to a type of vegetable, according to the Mahābhārata Vanaparva 134.281, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The use of long bottle gourd, kālaśāka, śleṣmātaka, sudarśana, leaves of bamboo or karīra is interdicted in a śrāddha ceremony according to Mahābhārata.

Karīra or “marrow” (part of a plant) represents a type of vegetable (śāka) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—Śāka-prakaraṇa deals with all types of vegetables. Here vegetables are classified into different plant parts [like marrow (karīra), etc.]. Each of these classification have so many varieties. This prakaraṇa is devoted to explain these varieties and their properties in detail.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Karīra (करीर) in both Sanskrit and Prakrit refers to caper (Capparis aphylla Roth), the shoots (aṅkura) of which are classifed as ananta-kāya, or “plants that are inhabited by an infinite number of living organisms”, and therefore are abhakṣya (forbidden to consume) according to Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246). Those plants which are classifiedas ananta-kāyas (eg., karīra) seem to be chosen because of certain morphological peculiarities such as the possession of bulbs or rhizomes orthe habit of periodically shedding their leaves; and in general theyare characterized by possibilities of vegetative reproduction.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

karīra (करीर).—m n S A thorny tree or its fruit, Capparis aphylla. Commonly nēpatī or tēṃ.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karīra (करीर).—[kṝ-īran Uṇ.4.3]

1) The shoot of a bamboo; जितकरीरशरीरमरीरमत् । स्वकमिता कमितारमवामताम् (jitakarīraśarīramarīramat | svakamitā kamitāramavāmatām) || Rām. Ch.4.84.

2) A shoot in general; आनिन्यिरे वंशकरीरनीलैः (āninyire vaṃśakarīranīlaiḥ) Śi.4.14. N.5.14.

3) A thorny plant growing in deserts and eaten by camels; पत्रं नैव यदा करीरविटपे दोषो वसन्तस्य किम् (patraṃ naiva yadā karīraviṭape doṣo vasantasya kim) Bh.2.93; cf. also किं पुष्पैः किं फलैस्तस्य करीरस्य दुरात्मनः । येन वृद्धिं समासाद्य न कृतः पत्रसंग्रहः (kiṃ puṣpaiḥ kiṃ phalaistasya karīrasya durātmanaḥ | yena vṛddhiṃ samāsādya na kṛtaḥ patrasaṃgrahaḥ) Subhāṣ.

4) A water-jar.

-rā, -rī 1 The root of an elephant's tusk.

2) A cricket, a small grass-hopper.

Derivable forms: karīraḥ (करीरः).

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Kārīra (कारीर).—a. [karīra-añ] Made of the shoots of reed or bamboo; दुर्गतीर्था बृहत्कूला कारीरा वेत्रसंयुता (durgatīrthā bṛhatkūlā kārīrā vetrasaṃyutā) Mb.12.82.46.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karira (करिर).—m.

(-raḥ) The shoot of a bamboo: see karīra.

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Karīra (करीर).—mn.

(-raḥ-raṃ) The shoot of a bamboo; also karira. m.

(-raḥ) 1. A thorny plant, described as growing in deserts, and fed upon by camels, commonly Karil, (Capparis aphylla, Rox.) 2. A water jar. f. (-rā or -rī) 1. The root of an elephant’s tusk. 2. A cricket, a small grasshopper, &c. E. kṝ to injure, to throw or send, &c. and īraṇ aff.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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