Kardama, aka: Kārdama; 6 Definition(s)
Kardama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1) Kardama (कर्दम).—A Prajāpati. Pulaha, son of Brahmā, begot of his wife Kṣamā three sons named Kardama, Urvarīyān and Sahiṣṇu. (Chapter 10, Aṃśa 1, Viṣṇu Purāṇa). Of these three Kardama married Devahūti. Devahūti was the daughter of Svāyambhuva Manu and sister of Ākūti and Prasūti. (8th Skandha, Devī Bhāgavata).
Devahūti was an ideal wife and served her husband with great devotion. Kardama was pleased with his wife and presented her with an aeroplane. Kardama and Devahūti conducted then a tour of the worlds in that plane. Devahūti delivered nine daughters and a son. The daughters were married to Marīci and other sages and the son grew into the celebrated Sage Kapilācārya. Kardama then entered into Samādhi. (Sitting in yoga and courting death of one’s own accord). (3rd Skandha, Bhāgavata).
2) Kardama (कर्दम).—A virtuous serpent. (Chapter 35, Ādi Parva).
3) Kardama (कर्दम).—This Sage sits in the court of Brahmā and worships him. (Śloka 19, Chapter 11, Sabhā Parva, Mahābhārata).
4) Kardama (कर्दम).—A celebrated sage who was the grandson of Viraja. He had a son named Anaṅga. (Śloka 90, Chapter 59, Śānti Parva).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Kardama (कर्दम).—Father of Kapīla. Married Devahūti.1 A son of Brahmā born of his shadow. A progenitor and a yogi;2 performed in kṛtayuga austerities on the banks of Sarasvatī for 10,000 years; when Hari appeared before him, he praised Him and asked for a suitable wife. Devahūti was suggested and the Lord disappeared. Manu came with his wife and daughter to his hermitage, and was suitably received. Kardama agreed to marry his daughter and lead a householder's life until the birth of children. After wedding, Manu and his wife returned home. Pleased at his wife's devotion, created an aerial car artistically built and furnished. Took his wife after her bath and dress round the earth for a hundred years. Nine daughters were born when according to original contract he was anxious to leave her for woods to practise yoga. Noticing her anxiety at his departure, he consoled her that she would give birth to Hari who would bring solace to her. On the birth of Kapila, Brahmā and other seers called on him; gave his daughters in marriage, took leave of his son and retired to a life of penance.
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 65; II. 11. 23 and 31; 32. 99; 35. 94; III. 8. 18; 10. 93; Matsya-purāṇa 145. 93; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 80; 3. 3; 28. 25-29; 33. 7; 38. 7; 59. 91; 61. 84; 65. 53; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 10. 10.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 199. 16.
1d) Also Śamkhapa; a Lokapāla.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 157; Matsya-purāṇa 124. 95; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 206.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)
Kardama (कर्दम) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Kardama] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
kardama (कर्दम).—m (S) Mud, muck, mire. 2 fig. Any slop, mess, nastiness, or confusedly mingled mass. 3 fig. Promiscuous assemblage of castes or of the clean and unclean.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kardama (कर्दम).—m Mud, mire. Fig. Any slop, nastiness, &c.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Mud, slime, mire; पादौ नूपुरलग्नकर्दमधरौ प्रक्षालयन्ती स्थिता (pādau nūpuralagnakardamadharau prakṣālayantī sthitā) Mk.5.35; पथश्चाश्यानकर्दमान् (pathaścāśyānakardamān) R.4.24.
2) Dirt, filth.
3) (Fig.) Sin.
4) Name of a Prajāpati.
Derivable forms: kardamaḥ (कर्दमः).
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Kārdama (कार्दम).—(-mī f.), -कार्दम (kārdama) (-mī) क (ka) a. (-kī f.) [कर्दम-अण्-ठक् वा (kardama-aṇ-ṭhak vā) P.IV.2.2. Vārt.]
1) Muddy, soiled or covered with mud.
2) A pearl produced in Kardama, a river in Persia; Kau. A.2.11.
3) Belonging to Prajāpati Kardama; कार्दमं वीर्यमापन्नो जज्ञेऽग्निरिव दारुणि (kārdamaṃ vīryamāpanno jajñe'gniriva dāruṇi) Bhāg.3.24.6.
See also (synonyms): kārdamī, kārdamaka, kārdamīka, kārdamakī, kārdamīkī.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 75 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Yakṣakardama (यक्षकर्दम).—an ointment consisting of camphor, agallochum, musk and Kakkola (acco...
Kṣārakardama (क्षारकर्दम).—1) a pool of saline mud. 2) Name of a hell; Bhāg.5.26.7. Derivable f...
Kardamāṭaka (कर्दमाटक).—a receptacle for filth, sewer &c.Derivable forms: kardamāṭakaḥ (कर्दमाट...
Devakardamā (देवकर्दमा).—sandal, aloe wood, camphor, saffron pounded together and made into a p...
Prehikardamā (प्रेहिकर्दमा).—a rite in which no impurity is allowed. Prehikardamā is a Sanskrit...
Sarasvatī (सरस्वती), the wife of Brahmā, is one among the three goddesses known for her wisdom....
Kapila (कपिल).—n. of a yakṣa (in Sanskrit of a nāga, inter alia): Suv 161.13 (verse; Piṅgala-Ka...
Kāla refers to “time-measure” (past, present, and future) and is related to the tradition of Kū...
Prajāpati (प्रजापति) is the name of a deity who received the Vīrāgama from Tejas through the ma...
Śrāddha.—(CII 4), funeral rite. Note: śrāddha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” ...
Marīci (मरीचि).—m. (-ciḥ) 1. A saint, the son of Brahma, and one of the Prajapatis, and Brahmad...
1) Arundhatī (अरुन्धती).—Wife of Sage Vasiṣṭha. Birth. She was born as the daughter of Karddama...
Devahūtī (देवहूती).—A daughter of Svāyambhuva Manu, the son of Brahmā. The Manu had two sons ca...
Kṣamā (क्षमा) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”)...
Savana (सवन).—n. (-naṃ) 1. Bathing, as a religious exercise, or preparatory to a sacrifice, pur...
Search found 17 books and stories containing Kardama or Kārdama. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 24 - The Renunciation of Kardama Muni < [Canto III - The Status Quo]
Chapter 23 - Devahuti’s Lamentation < [Canto III - The Status Quo]
Chapter 21 - Conversation Between Manu and Kardama < [Canto III - The Status Quo]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.4.183 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha: The Spiritual Kingdom]
Verse 2.3.179 < [Chapter 3 - Bhajana: Worship]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 16 - Description of the Creation < [Section 2.1 - Rudra-saṃhitā (1): Sṛśṭi-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 33 - Description of Creation (4) < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 30 - Description of Creation < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]