Kardama, aka: Kārdama; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kardama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kardama in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

1) Kardama (कर्दम).—A Prajāpati. Pulaha, son of Brahmā, begot of his wife Kṣamā three sons named Kardama, Urvarīyān and Sahiṣṇu. (Chapter 10, Aṃśa 1, Viṣṇu Purāṇa). Of these three Kardama married Devahūti. Devahūti was the daughter of Svāyambhuva Manu and sister of Ākūti and Prasūti. (8th Skandha, Devī Bhāgavata).

Devahūti was an ideal wife and served her husband with great devotion. Kardama was pleased with his wife and presented her with an aeroplane. Kardama and Devahūti conducted then a tour of the worlds in that plane. Devahūti delivered nine daughters and a son. The daughters were married to Marīci and other sages and the son grew into the celebrated Sage Kapilācārya. Kardama then entered into Samādhi. (Sitting in yoga and courting death of one’s own accord). (3rd Skandha, Bhāgavata).

2) Kardama (कर्दम).—A virtuous serpent. (Chapter 35, Ādi Parva).

3) Kardama (कर्दम).—This Sage sits in the court of Brahmā and worships him. (Śloka 19, Chapter 11, Sabhā Parva, Mahābhārata).

4) Kardama (कर्दम).—A celebrated sage who was the grandson of Viraja. He had a son named Anaṅga. (Śloka 90, Chapter 59, Śānti Parva).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Kardama (कर्दम).—Father of Kapīla. Married Devahūti.1 A son of Brahmā born of his shadow. A progenitor and a yogi;2 performed in kṛtayuga austerities on the banks of Sarasvatī for 10,000 years; when Hari appeared before him, he praised Him and asked for a suitable wife. Devahūti was suggested and the Lord disappeared. Manu came with his wife and daughter to his hermitage, and was suitably received. Kardama agreed to marry his daughter and lead a householder's life until the birth of children. After wedding, Manu and his wife returned home. Pleased at his wife's devotion, created an aerial car artistically built and furnished. Took his wife after her bath and dress round the earth for a hundred years. Nine daughters were born when according to original contract he was anxious to leave her for woods to practise yoga. Noticing her anxiety at his departure, he consoled her that she would give birth to Hari who would bring solace to her. On the birth of Kapila, Brahmā and other seers called on him; gave his daughters in marriage, took leave of his son and retired to a life of penance.

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 3; IV. 1. 10.
  • 2) Ib. III. 12. 27 & 56; chap. 21 to 24.

1b) A son of Pulaha and Kṣamā; married Sruti; son Śaṅkhapada and daughter Kāmyā; a Prajāpati; a sage by tapas and a devaṛṣi;1 a pravara.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 65; II. 11. 23 and 31; 32. 99; 35. 94; III. 8. 18; 10. 93; Matsya-purāṇa 145. 93; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 80; 3. 3; 28. 25-29; 33. 7; 38. 7; 59. 91; 61. 84; 65. 53; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 10. 10.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 199. 16.

1c) A Prajāpati: wife of Sinīvalī; had two daughters Samrāṭ and Kukṣi, besides ten sons.1 His wife left him for Soma. His world that of ājya pitṛs.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 7; III. 1. 53.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 15. 20; 23. 24.

1d) Also Śamkhapa; a Lokapāla.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 157; Matsya-purāṇa 124. 95; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 206.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Kardama in Jainism glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kardama (कर्दम) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Kardama] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Kardama in Marathi glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kardama (कर्दम).—m (S) Mud, muck, mire. 2 fig. Any slop, mess, nastiness, or confusedly mingled mass. 3 fig. Promiscuous assemblage of castes or of the clean and unclean.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kardama (कर्दम).—m Mud, mire. Fig. Any slop, nastiness, &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kardama (कर्दम).—[Uṇ.4.85]

1) Mud, slime, mire; पादौ नूपुरलग्नकर्दमधरौ प्रक्षालयन्ती स्थिता (pādau nūpuralagnakardamadharau prakṣālayantī sthitā) Mk.5.35; पथश्चाश्यानकर्दमान् (pathaścāśyānakardamān) R.4.24.

2) Dirt, filth.

3) (Fig.) Sin.

4) Name of a Prajāpati.

-mam Flesh.

Derivable forms: kardamaḥ (कर्दमः).

--- OR ---

Kārdama (कार्दम).—(- f.), -कार्दम (kārdama) (-) क (ka) a. (- f.) [कर्दम-अण्-ठक् वा (kardama-aṇ-ṭhak vā) P.IV.2.2. Vārt.]

1) Muddy, soiled or covered with mud.

2) A pearl produced in Kardama, a river in Persia; Kau. A.2.11.

3) Belonging to Prajāpati Kardama; कार्दमं वीर्यमापन्नो जज्ञेऽग्निरिव दारुणि (kārdamaṃ vīryamāpanno jajñe'gniriva dāruṇi) Bhāg.3.24.6.

See also (synonyms): kārdamī, kārdamaka, kārdamīka, kārdamakī, kārdamīkī.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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