Karataka, aka: Karaṭaka; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Karataka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Karataka in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Karaṭaka (करटक).—A brother of Balāhaka, and a commander of Bhaṇḍa; rode on Vetāla.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 24. 10 and 55.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Karataka in Katha glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Karaṭaka (करटक) is the name of a jackal (jambuka) and minister of the lion king named Piṅgalaka, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 59. Accordingly, “... there lived in a neighbouring wood a  lion named Piṅgalaka, who had subdued the forest by his might; and that king of beasts had two jackals for ministers: the name of the one was Damanaka, and the name of the other was Karaṭaka”.

The story of Karaṭaka was narrated by Gomukha to Naravāhanadatta in order to demonstrate that “a man who conquers wrath will not be subject to grief; and a man who displays prudence is never harmed. Even in the case of animals prudence produces success, not valour”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Karaṭaka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karataka in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Karaṭaka (करटक).—

1) a crow; Mk.7.

2) Name of कर्णीरथ (karṇīratha) the propounder of the science and art of theft.

3) Name of a jackal in H. and Pt.

Derivable forms: karaṭakaḥ (करटकः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karaṭaka (करटक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A crow. E. kan added to the preceding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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