Kanyaka, Kanyakā, Kanyākā: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kanyaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kanyaka (कन्यक).—A son of Maṇibhadra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 154.

1b) Kāśyapa gotrakāras.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 199. 3.

2) Kanyakā (कन्यका).—A name of Yogamāyā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 2. 12.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kanyakā (कन्यका) is another name for Gṛhakanyā, a medicinal plant commonly identified with Aloe vera var. chinensis Baker from the Asphodelaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.47-49 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Kanyakā and Gṛhakanyā, there are a total of twenty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kanyakā (कन्यका).—f S A girl, a lass, a maiden.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kanyakā (कन्यका).—f A girl. kanyā f The small. zodiacal sign Virgo.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kanyakā (कन्यका).—

1) A girl; संबद्धवैखानसकन्यकानि (saṃbaddhavaikhānasakanyakāni) R.14.28;11.53.

2) An unmarried girl, virgin, maiden; गृहे गृहे पुरुषाः कुलकन्यकाः समुद्वहन्ति (gṛhe gṛhe puruṣāḥ kulakanyakāḥ samudvahanti) Māl.7; Y.1.15.

3) A technical name for a girl ten years old; (aṣṭavarṣā bhavedgaurī navavarṣā ca rohiṇī | daśame kanyakā proktā ata ūrdhvaṃ rajasvalā Śabdak.)

4) (In Rhet.) One of the several kinds of heroines; an unmarried girl serving as a chief character in a poetical composition; see under अन्यस्त्री (anyastrī).

5) The sign Virgo.

6) Name of Durgā; Bhāg.1.2.12.

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Kanyakā (कन्यका).—

1) Young girl.

2) A virgin. According to पराशरसंहिता (parāśarasaṃhitā), a कन्यका (kanyakā) is a ten years old girl दशमे कन्यका प्रोक्ता (daśame kanyakā proktā); कन्यका हि निर्दोषदर्शना भवन्ति (kanyakā hi nirdoṣadarśanā bhavanti) Nāg.1.

See also (synonyms): kanyikā.

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Kanyākā (कन्याका).—(= kanyakā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kanyakā (कन्यका).—f.

(-kā) 1. A girl, a maiden. 2. A daughter. 3. The Socotrine aloe, (Aloes perfoliata.) E. kanyā a girl, kan pleonastic affix, fem. affix ṭāpḥ see kanyā and kanyākā.

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Kanyākā (कन्याका).—f.

(-kā) A young girl or virgin: see kanyā and kanyakā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kanyakā (कन्यका).—i. e. kanyā + ka, f. A girl, [Pañcatantra] 44, 18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kanyaka (कन्यक).—[feminine] ā = [preceding] [adjective] & [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kanyaka (कन्यक):—[from kana] mfn. the smallest, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi i, 302, 16]

2) Kanyakā (कन्यका):—[from kanyaka > kana] f. a girl, maiden, virgin, daughter, [Mahābhārata; Śakuntalā; Yājñavalkya] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the constellation Virgo in the zodiac, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa x, 2, 12]

5) [v.s. ...] Aloe Indica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Kanyākā (कन्याका):—[from kana] f. a girl, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] the pupil of the eye, [Aitareya-āraṇyaka]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kanyakā (कन्यका):—(kā) 1. f. A girl.

2) Kanyākā (कन्याका):—(kā) 1. f. A young girl.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kanyakā (कन्यका):—(von kanyā) f. gaṇa kṣipakādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 7, 3, 45, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 6.]

1) Mädchen, Jungfrau, Tochter [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 6, 1.] [Yāska’s Nirukta 4, 15.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 105.] [Nalopākhyāna 5, 45.] [Mahābhārata 2, 1454.] [Pañcatantra 44, 18. 129, 5.] [Śākuntala 8, 22. 30, 15. 71.] [Raghuvaṃśa 11, 53. 14, 28.] [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 95. 102.] [Sāhityadarpana 45, 3.] kanyakāchala das Betrügen eines Mädchens [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 61.] aṣṭavarṣā bhavedgaurī navavarṣā ca rohiṇī . daśame kanyakā proktā ata ūrdhvaṃ rajasvalā .. iti smṛtiḥ . [Śabdakalpadruma] kanyakājāta von einem Mädchen geboren [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 1, 24.] kānīnaḥ kanyakājāto mātāmahasuto mataḥ [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 129.] —

2) die Jungfrau im Thierkreise [ Kunde des Morgenlandes III, 389.] —

3) Aloe perfoliata Lin. [Wilson’s Wörterbuch]

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Kanyākā (कन्याका):—f. Mädchen, Jungfrau [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. kanyakā .

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Kanyakā (कन्यका):—

2) [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 27, 16.] —

3) Aloe indica Royle [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] unter ghṛtakumārī . —

4) Beiname der Durgā [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 2, 12.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kanyaka (कन्यक):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) der kleinste [Hemādri’s Caturvargacintāmaṇi 1,302.16.] —

2) f. ā — a) Mädchen , Jungfrau , Tochter. — b) die Jungfrau im Thierkreise. — c) Beiname der Durgā. — d) *Aloe indica.

3) *f. kanyikā = 2)a).

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Kanyākā (कन्याका):—f.

1) *Mädchen , Jungfrau.

2) Augenstern [Aitareyāraṇyaka 353,5.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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