Kanyadana, Kanyādāna, Kanya-dana: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Kanyadana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kanyadana in Shaktism glossary
Source: Manblunder: Saundaryalaharī

Kanyādāna (कन्यादान).—Marriage ceremony; where the girl is given as a gift to groom’s family. This is only a gift and no monetary or material transactions are involved. Bride’s father is the one, who gives the gift to the groom.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kanyadana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kanyādāna (कन्यादान) refers to the “gift of a virgin”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.15. Accordingly, “a charitable gift given to a needy person yields the utmost benefit. If it is given after entreaties it yields only half the benefit. [...] Gift of a virgin (kanyādāna) is conducive to worldly enjoyment throughout life”.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)

Kanyādāna (कन्यादान) refers to “giving of the daughter away, in marriage”.—The Śivapurāṇa says that Himavat in the company of Menā gave his daughter Pārvatī to Śiva in marriage (Rudrasaṃhitā, Chapter 48) Also in the Girijākalyāṇamahāprabandham (in Kannaḍa) the poet Harihara writes that Himālaya in the company of his lawful wife Menādevī performed the kanyādāna. According to some traditions Viṣṇu would have played the role of Pārvatī’s brother and done the kanyādāna.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: archive.org: History of Dharmasastra (Vol II Part I)

Kanyādāna (कन्यादान) refers to the “gift of the bride” and represents one of the various Marriage Rites (saṃskāra) according to the Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra and Saṃskāra-kaustubha of Anantadeva.—The main outlines of the marriage saṃskāra show a remarkable continuity for several thousand years from the times of the Rig Veda down to modern times.—Kanyādāna refers to “the gift of the bride”. The Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra pariśiṣṭa sets out the procedure about the kanyādāna which is the same even now. The Saṃskāra-kaustubha of Anantadeva p.779 notes about half a dozen different methods of uttering the formula in kanyādāna. It is in this rite that the father of the girl says that the bride-groom should not prove false to the bride in dharma, artha and kāma and he responds with the words:–‘I shall not do so’ (nāticarāmi). This is done even now.—[Cf. Vide Parāskara-gṛhya-sūtra I.4, Manava-gṛhya-sūtra I.8.6-9, Varaha-gṛhya-sūtra 13.]

Source: Oxford Academic: Homo Ritualis: Hindu Ritual and Its Significance to Ritual Theory

Kanyādāna (कन्यादान) refers to the “gift of the girl” and represents a group of marriage rites of the Hindu Newars, mentioned in the Daśakarmavidhi: a marriage handbook from Bhaktapur containing both Hindu and Newar marriage ceremonies.—Despite many congruencies between Hindu Parbatiyā and Hindu Newar marriage handbooks, it becomes evident that Newar marriage handbooks mention specific ritual elements that cannot be found in the Brahmanical-Sanskritic texts.—The Kanyādāna rites are usually performed at the house of the groom.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kanyadana in Shaivism glossary
Source: eScholarship: The descent of scripture: a history of the Kamikagama

Kanyādāna (कन्यादान) refers to the “gift of a girl in marriage”, according to the Kāmikāgama: an ancient Śaiva Āgama scripture in 12,000 Sanskrit verses dating to at least the 5th century and represented as an encyclopedic account of ritual instructions (kriyāpāda).—In modern print editions, the Kāmika-āgama is structured in two major parts. The Uttarabhāga consists of 98 chapters (paṭalas) [...] The concluding chapters (from Chapter 83 to 98) describe sixteen major types of gifting, which are comparable to similar treatments of gifting laid out in Dharmaśāstra literature. The gifts include the following: [...] The gift of a girl in marriage (kanyādāna, Chapter 94); [...]

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kanyā-dāna.—(SII 1), giving a daughter in marriage. (EI 29; ASLV), a form of marriage in which bride- price was not demanded or paid; offering one's daughter in marriage without demanding bride-price. Note: kanyā-dāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kanyadana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kanyādāna (कन्यादान) [or कन्याप्रदान, kanyāpradāna].—(S) Giving a daughter in marriage.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kanyādāna (कन्यादान) [-pradāna, -प्रदान].—n Giving a daughter in marriage.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kanyadana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kanyādāna (कन्यादान).—giving away a girl in marriage; अद्भिरेव द्विजाग्र्याणां कन्यादानं विशिष्यते (adbhireva dvijāgryāṇāṃ kanyādānaṃ viśiṣyate) Manusmṛti 3.35.

Derivable forms: kanyādānam (कन्यादानम्).

Kanyādāna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kanyā and dāna (दान).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kanyādāna (कन्यादान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Giving a girl in marriage. 2. Receiving the same. E. kanyā, and dāna gift, or ādāna acceptance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kanyādāna (कन्यादान).—[neuter] the giving a daughter in marriage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kanyādāna (कन्यादान):—[=kanyā-dāna] [from kanyā > kana] n. giving a girl in marriage, [Manu-smṛti iii, 35]

2) [v.s. ...] (kanyādāna, receiving a girl in marriage, [Horace H. Wilson])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kanyādāna (कन्यादान):—[kanyā-dāna] (naṃ) 1. n. The giving in marriage; receiving in marriage.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kanyadana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kanyadana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kanyādāna (ಕನ್ಯಾದಾನ):—

1) [noun] a giving away a daughter or girl in marriage.

2) [noun] anything given as a gift, to a bride at her marriage.

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Kanyādāna (ಕನ್ಯಾದಾನ):—[noun] an acceptance of a girl in marriage.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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