Kanyadana, Kanyādāna, Kanya-dana: 8 definitions

Introduction

Kanyadana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kanyadana in Shaktism glossary
Source: Manblunder: Saundaryalaharī

Kanyādāna (कन्यादान).—Marriage ceremony; where the girl is given as a gift to groom’s family. This is only a gift and no monetary or material transactions are involved. Bride’s father is the one, who gives the gift to the groom.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kanyadana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kanyādāna (कन्यादान) refers to the “gift of a virgin”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.15. Accordingly, “a charitable gift given to a needy person yields the utmost benefit. If it is given after entreaties it yields only half the benefit. [...] Gift of a virgin (kanyādāna) is conducive to worldly enjoyment throughout life”.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)

Kanyādāna (कन्यादान) refers to “giving of the daughter away, in marriage”.—The Śivapurāṇa says that Himavat in the company of Menā gave his daughter Pārvatī to Śiva in marriage (Rudrasaṃhitā, Chapter 48) Also in the Girijākalyāṇamahāprabandham (in Kannaḍa) the poet Harihara writes that Himālaya in the company of his lawful wife Menādevī performed the kanyādāna. According to some traditions Viṣṇu would have played the role of Pārvatī’s brother and done the kanyādāna.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kanyā-dāna.—(SII 1), giving a daughter in marriage. (EI 29; ASLV), a form of marriage in which bride- price was not demanded or paid; offering one's daughter in marriage without demanding bride-price. Note: kanyā-dāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kanyadana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kanyādāna (कन्यादान) [or कन्याप्रदान, kanyāpradāna].—(S) Giving a daughter in marriage.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kanyādāna (कन्यादान) [-pradāna, -प्रदान].—n Giving a daughter in marriage.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kanyadana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kanyādāna (कन्यादान).—giving away a girl in marriage; अद्भिरेव द्विजाग्र्याणां कन्यादानं विशिष्यते (adbhireva dvijāgryāṇāṃ kanyādānaṃ viśiṣyate) Ms.3.35.

Derivable forms: kanyādānam (कन्यादानम्).

Kanyādāna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kanyā and dāna (दान).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kanyādāna (कन्यादान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Giving a girl in marriage. 2. Receiving the same. E. kanyā, and dāna gift, or ādāna acceptance.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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