Kangra, Kāṅgrā: 2 definitions


Kangra means something in the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Architecture (2): Medieval & Colonial Architecture

Kangra (Himachal Pradesh) is the name of a Fort (durga) constructed by the Rajputs: creative builders who erected some of the most illustrious and impressive forts and palaces throughout northern India.—The Kangra Fort was built by the royal Rajput family of Kangra (the Katoca dynasty), which traces its origins to the ancient Trigarta kingdom mentioned in the Mahābhārata. It is the largest fort in the Himalayas and probably the oldest dated fort in India. The fort was first mentioned in Alexander the Great’s war records, which would bring it to the 4th century BCE.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Painting: A Survey (h)

Kangra refers to an important centre and sub-school of Pahari: an ancient school of Indian painting.—The Kangra paintings are as romantic as Kālidāsa’s descriptions of the mountains. In the Kangra School, Indian miniature paintings reached the zenith in the depiction of the Kṛṣṇa and Śiva legends. The colours were extracted from minerals, plant sources, conch shells, and even by processing precious stones; gold and silver were also used. The preparation of desired colours is a lengthy process, sometimes taking weeks.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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