Kampita, Kaṃpita: 12 definitions

Introduction

Kampita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Kampita (कम्पित, “shaken”) refers to one of the fifteen aspects of gamaka (embellishments, ornamentation) that are used in Indian classical music (gāndharva), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 14.83-94. These gamakas refer to essential elements of the sthāyas (technical phrases) of rāgas (melodic modes). Accordingly, “when a vibration (kampa) is in the speed of half a druta, they regard it as a kampita”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1a) Kampita (कम्पित) refers to a specific ‘movement of the head’ (śiras), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The head is one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used to perform certain gestures (āṅgika). These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya). Instructions: when the movements in the Ākampita head are quick and copious. (Uses): The Kampita head is applicable (lit. desired) in anger argument understanding, asserting, threatening, sickness and intolerence.

1b) Kampita (कम्पित, “trembling”) also refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the cheeks (kapola or gaṇḍa), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya). Instructions: (cheeks are) throbbing. Uses: in anger and joy.

1c) Kampita (कम्पित, “quivering”) refers to one of the four accents used in vocal representation (vācika), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19.

1d) Kampita (कम्पित) refers to one of the thirty-three alaṃkāras (embellishments), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. These alaṃkāras, or, ‘embellishments of song’, depend upon the four types of varṇas, which refers to a specific order of musical notes (svara). They are attached to the songs of seven forms, although not generally used in the dhruvās.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “kampita is trembling notes of three kalās in low pitch (lit. in the breast)”.

2) Kampitā (कम्पिता) is another name (synonym) for Prakampitā, a Sanskrit technical term referring to a specific ‘movement of the waist’ (kaṭi), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 10.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

1) One of the Nine Movements of the Head. Kampita (nodded): shaking the head up and down. Usage: indignation, saying “Halt!”, enquiry, summoning, threatening, etc.

2) One of the Twenty-four Heads. Kampita: raising the head high and shaking it. Usage: recognition, indignation, consideration (vitarka), threatening, hastening, questioning.

Source: archive.org: Shanmukha 07-3-1981

Kampita (कम्पित).—The definition of this gamaka as given by Prof. Sambamoorthy runs: “A large shake—the manipulation of the note is such that there is not even the remotest suggestion of the adjacent note”. Analysing snatches of music in both the styles, vocal and instrumental, one finds that although the kampita-gamaka may not be exclusive to the South Indian style, its use in Carnatic music far exceeds that in the Hindustani style. The employment of this particular type of gamaka, it seems therefore, becomes one identifiable point of divergence between the two systems.

Source: archive.org: Northern Indian Music Volume I

Kampita (कम्पित).—The shake (kampita), now called khaṭkā, refers to one of the gamakas (graces):—“The kampita-gamaka lasts a semi-quaver (i.e. ¼ of a mātrā)”. (Saṅgitaratnākara 2.3.91) “A shake of the note at twice the speed of a quaver (i.e. ¼ mātrā) is known as kampita”. (Saṅgītasamayasāra 1.50)

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kampita (कम्पित).—The same as कम्पन (kampana). See कम्पन (kampana) above

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kampita in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kampita : (pp. of kampati) trembled; wavered. || (pp. of kampeti and kampati)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kampita (कंपित).—p S Shaking, quivering, trembling.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kampita (कम्पित).—p. p.

1) Trembling, shaking.

2) Shaken, swung.

-tam 1 Trembling, tremor.

2) Causing to shake.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kampita (कम्पित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Shaking, shaken, trembling. n.

(-taṃ) Trembling, a trembling, a tremor E. kapi and kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kampita (कम्पित):—[from kamp] mfn. trembling, shaking, [Mahābhārata; Ṛtusaṃhāra]

2) [v.s. ...] caused to tremble, shaken, swung, [Mahābhārata iv, 1290; Tattvasamāsa]

3) [v.s. ...] n. trembling, a tremor.

4) Kampīṭa (कम्पीट):—[from kamp] n. trembling tremor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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