Kalyani, aka: Kalyāṇī, Kalyānī, Kalyāṇi; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kalyani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kalyani in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kalyāṇī (कल्याणी).—A female follower of Skandadeva. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 46, Verse 6).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Kalyāṇī (कल्याणी).—The wife of Dhara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 5. 24.

1b) The goddess enshrined at Malaya hill: a follower of Māyā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 36; 179. 70.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kalyāṇī (कल्याणी) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.7). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kalyāṇī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Kalyāṇī (कल्याणी).—Accordingly to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā , “(41) The Full Moon is Kalyāṇī. One should engage in duties for the gods, acts for the Brahmans and kindle the sacrificial fire. One should devote to the sounds of the cattle. (42) One should appoint Purohitas and perform various rites for the kings. Auspicious acts should be performed. One should know Soma as the deity”.

Source: academia.edu: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Kalyāṇī (कल्याणी) is another name for Māṣaparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Teramnus labialis from the Fabaceae, or “pea family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.30-33 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Kalyāṇī and Māṣaparṇī, there are a total of twenty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

The name of a river and of the district near its mouth in Ceylon. The Buddha visited the Kalyani country in the eighth year after the Enlightenment, in company with five hundred monks, on the second day after the full moon of Vesakha and, seated on the spot where the Kalyani Cetiya was later built, he preached to the Nagas and their king Maniakkhika, at whose invitation he had come (Sp.i.89; Mhv.i.63, 75ff; Dpv.ii.42, 53; J.ii.128).

Once a king reigned in Kalyani named Kalyani Tissa, who had a daughter Viharamahadevi. According to the legends connected with her, Kalyani was at one time much further from the sea than it is now. The sea swallowed up several leagues of land (Mhv.xxii.12ff). King Yatthala Tissa built a five storied pasada in the town, which was later restored by Parakkamabahu II (Cv.lxxxv.64).

The Kalyani district formed the fighting base of several campaigns. E.g., Cv.lxi.35, 39; lxxii.151.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Kalyāṇī.—(EI 8), a square pond. Note: kalyāṇī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kalyāṇi (कल्याणि) is the name of a river as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Kalyāṇi is a river in Ceylon. It is modern Kaelani-Gaṅgā.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Kalyani in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kalyāṇī : (f.) 1. a beautiful woman; 2. name of a river and a town in Ceylon.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Kalyani in Marathi glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kalyāṇī (कल्याणी).—f S The name of the seventh astrological karaṇa. 2 (Because made at Callian.) A description of vessel.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 65 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Shalakalyani
Śālakalyāṇī (शालकल्याणी) is a Sanskrit word referring to various plant species from the Alte...
Kalyani Vihara
A monastery attached to the Kalyani cetiya. It was from the earliest times the residence of e...
Kalyani Tissa
A king of Kalyani, father of Viharamahadevi (Mhv.xxii.12ff). He was great grandson of Mutasiva ...
Kalyani Cetiya
The cetiya built on the spot where the Buddha preached to Maniakkhika and his followers (Mhv....
Kalyani Sutta
No beautiful woman (janapadakalyani) can persistently possess the heart of a man who is fond of...
Kalyana
Kalyāṇa (कल्याण).—A sage. Once certain Aṅgirases including this sage observed sattra (sacrifice...
Siddha
Siddha (सिद्ध) refers to “inflected words” according to Pāṇini (7th century BCE): author of the...
Anga
Aṅga (अङ्ग).—(1) member, part (as in Sanskrit and Pali, where it is recorded as nt. only), m. ...
Saumya
Saumyā (सौम्या) refers to one of the eight wisdoms (vidyās) described in the ‘guhyamaṇḍala-kara...
Vidhi
Vidhi (विधि).—m. (-dhiḥ) 1. A sacred precept, an act or rite prescribed by the Vedas, for effec...
Paksha
Pakṣa (पक्ष).—See under Kālamāna.
Dhara
1) Dharā (धरा) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”...
Janapada
Janapada or Jānapada.—(IE 8-3; EI 23, 33), people of the countryside; regarded by some as an of...
Sujata
1) Sujāta (सुजात).—One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. He attacked Bhīmasena in the battle ...
Samudaya
Samudāya.—(EI 25), official designation. Note: samudāya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical ...

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