Kalyani, Kalyāṇī, Kalyānī, Kalyāṇi: 11 definitions

Introduction

Kalyani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kalyāṇī (कल्याणी).—A female follower of Skandadeva. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 46, Verse 6).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kalyāṇī (कल्याणी).—The wife of Dhara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 5. 24.

1b) The goddess enshrined at Malaya hill: a follower of Māyā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 36; 179. 70.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kalyāṇī (कल्याणी) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.7). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kalyāṇī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: academia.edu: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa

Kalyāṇī (कल्याणी).—Accordingly to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā , “(41) The Full Moon is Kalyāṇī. One should engage in duties for the gods, acts for the Brahmans and kindle the sacrificial fire. One should devote to the sounds of the cattle. (42) One should appoint Purohitas and perform various rites for the kings. Auspicious acts should be performed. One should know Soma as the deity”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kalyāṇī (कल्याणी) is another name for Māṣaparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Teramnus labialis from the Fabaceae, or “pea family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.30-33 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Kalyāṇī and Māṣaparṇī, there are a total of twenty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The name of a river and of the district near its mouth in Ceylon. The Buddha visited the Kalyani country in the eighth year after the Enlightenment, in company with five hundred monks, on the second day after the full moon of Vesakha and, seated on the spot where the Kalyani Cetiya was later built, he preached to the Nagas and their king Maniakkhika, at whose invitation he had come (Sp.i.89; Mhv.i.63, 75ff; Dpv.ii.42, 53; J.ii.128).

Once a king reigned in Kalyani named Kalyani Tissa, who had a daughter Viharamahadevi. According to the legends connected with her, Kalyani was at one time much further from the sea than it is now. The sea swallowed up several leagues of land (Mhv.xxii.12ff). King Yatthala Tissa built a five storied pasada in the town, which was later restored by Parakkamabahu II (Cv.lxxxv.64).

The Kalyani district formed the fighting base of several campaigns. E.g., Cv.lxi.35, 39; lxxii.151.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kalyāṇī.—(EI 8), a square pond. Note: kalyāṇī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Kalyāṇi (कल्याणि) is the name of a river as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Kalyāṇi is a river in Ceylon. It is modern Kaelani-Gaṅgā.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kalyani in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kalyāṇī : (f.) 1. a beautiful woman; 2. name of a river and a town in Ceylon.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kalyāṇī (कल्याणी).—f S The name of the seventh astrological karaṇa. 2 (Because made at Callian.) A description of vessel.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kalyāṇī (कल्याणी):—[from kalyāṇa > kalya] a f. a cow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] the plant Glycine Debilis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] red arsenic, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a particular Rāgiṇī

5) [v.s. ...] Name of Dākṣāyaṇī in Malaya

6) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the mothers attending on Skanda, [Mahābhārata ix, 2625]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a city in the Dekhan and of one in Ceylon

8) [v.s. ...] a river in Ceylon

9) [from kalya] b in [compound] [gana] priyādi.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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