Kalyanavati, aka: Kalyāṇavatī; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kalyanavati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Katha (narrative stories)

Kalyanavati in Katha glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kalyāṇavatī (कल्याणवती) is the wife of king Siṃhabala from Dakṣiṇāpatha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 58. Accordingly, “... formerly there dwelt in Dakṣiṇāpatha (the Deccan) a king, of the name of Siṃhabala. And his wife, named Kalyāṇavatī, the daughter of a prince of Mālava, was dear to him above all the women of his harem”.

The story of Kalyāṇavatī was narrated by Marubhūti to Naravāhanadatta in order to demonstrate that “the mind of woman is unstable”, in other words, that “the mind of even discerning women is fickle, and, though they have brave and handsome husbands, wanders hither and thither, but women of pure character are scarce”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kalyāṇavatī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Kalyanavati in Theravada glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

The first queen consort of Kittinissanka.

After the death of Sahasamalla she carried on the government of Ceylon for six months (according to some six years, 1202-1208 A.C.) with the help of her general, Ayasmanta.

She built a vihara called the Kalyanavati vihara in the village of Pannasalaka. Cv.lxxx.34ff; also Cv.Trs.ii.130, n.3.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Kalyanavati in India history glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kalyāṇavatī or Kalyāṇavatīvihāra is the name of an ancient locality that existed in the Polonnaruva (Polonnaruwa) district of Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—Manavamma (684-718) granted the village Paṇṇabhatta to Tālavatthu-vihāra. Dhātusena (455-473) built Paṇṇavallakabhūta-vihāra, and in Paṇṇasālaka Queen Kalyāṇavatī (1202-1208) built Kalyāṇavatī-vihāra. Sena II (853-887) built a sluice on Miṇṇeriya tank. Parakkamabāhu I (1153-1186) restored Miṇṇerya tank and made the canal named Kālindī which flowed south from the tank’s southern outlet. Nissaṅka Malla declared the tank a sanctuary for animals.

Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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