Kalyanavati, Kalyāṇavatī: 4 definitions


Kalyanavati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Kalyanavati in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Kalyāṇavatī (कल्याणवती) is the wife of king Siṃhabala from Dakṣiṇāpatha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 58. Accordingly, “... formerly there dwelt in Dakṣiṇāpatha (the Deccan) a king, of the name of Siṃhabala. And his wife, named Kalyāṇavatī, the daughter of a prince of Mālava, was dear to him above all the women of his harem”.

The story of Kalyāṇavatī was narrated by Marubhūti to Naravāhanadatta in order to demonstrate that “the mind of woman is unstable”, in other words, that “the mind of even discerning women is fickle, and, though they have brave and handsome husbands, wanders hither and thither, but women of pure character are scarce”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kalyāṇavatī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Kalyanavati in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The first queen consort of Kittinissanka.

After the death of Sahasamalla she carried on the government of Ceylon for six months (according to some six years, 1202-1208 A.C.) with the help of her general, Ayasmanta.

She built a vihara called the Kalyanavati vihara in the village of Pannasalaka. Cv.lxxx.34ff; also Cv.Trs.ii.130, n.3.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Kalyāṇavatī or Kalyāṇavatīvihāra is the name of an ancient locality that existed in the Polonnaruva (Polonnaruwa) district of Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—Manavamma (684-718) granted the village Paṇṇabhatta to Tālavatthu-vihāra. Dhātusena (455-473) built Paṇṇavallakabhūta-vihāra, and in Paṇṇasālaka Queen Kalyāṇavatī (1202-1208) built Kalyāṇavatī-vihāra. Sena II (853-887) built a sluice on Miṇṇeriya tank. Parakkamabāhu I (1153-1186) restored Miṇṇerya tank and made the canal named Kālindī which flowed south from the tank’s southern outlet. Nissaṅka Malla declared the tank a sanctuary for animals.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kalyanavati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalyāṇavatī (कल्याणवती):—[=kalyāṇa-vatī] [from kalyāṇa-vat > kalyāṇa > kalya] f. Name of a princess.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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