Kalyanamitra, Kalyānamitra, Kalyana-mitra: 3 definitions


Kalyanamitra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kalyanamitra in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Kalyānamitra (कल्यानमित्र, “spiritual friend”).—According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV), “all beings obtained the mind of equanimity (samacitta) by thinking of one another with the feelings one would feel (for example) for one’s spiritual friend (kalyānamitra)”.

In the course of innumerable generations, all beings have been one’s spiritual friend (kalyānamitra), father, mother, elder brother, younger brother, elder sister, younger sister and relative. Furthermore, according to the true nature (satyalakṣaṇa) of dharmas, there is no father or mother, no elder or younger brother; but people who are submerged in the error of self believe in their existence and thus there is the question of father and mother, elder and younger brother. Therefore it is not a lie when, by virtue of a wholesome mind (kuśalacitta), we consider one another with the feelings we would feel (for example) for one’s spiritual friend (kalyānamitra).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kalyanamitra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kalyāṇamitra (कल्याणमित्र).—nt., f. °ā (= Pali °mitta; there often tho not always epithet of Buddha), good friend, regularly said of one (not as a rule a Buddha) who helps in conversion or religious progress: Mahāvastu i.243.12 °mitrāṇy āgamya; 313.5 asmākaṃ Mālinī °mitrā (f.; she was the cause of their conversion); Mahāvyutpatti 2380 °tra-parigṛhīta; Divyāvadāna 347.17 °tram āgamya; Avadāna-śataka i.240.8 id.; °tra-tā, state of… Avadāna-śataka i.240.2. Very common.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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