Kalya, Kālyā, Kālya: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kalya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kālyā (काल्या).—(KĀLĪ). Mother of Vyāsa. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 278).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kālyā (काल्या).—A wife of Parāśara, and mother of Kṛsṇa dvaipāyana.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 92.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kalya, see kalla;—rūpa pleased, glad Sn. 680, 683; a° not pleased Sn. 691. (Page 199)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kalyā (कल्या).—f From kulyā S and corruptly used for it in the compounds dhṛtakalyā, madhukalyā &c. for which see dhṛtakulyā &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kalya (कल्य).—a. [kalayati ceṣṭāmatra, kal-yak; kal karmaṇi yat, kalāsu sādhu kalā-yat vā Tv.]

1) Sound, free from sickness, healthy; सर्वः कल्ये वयसि यतते लब्धुमर्थान्कुटुम्बी (sarvaḥ kalye vayasi yatate labdhumarthānkuṭumbī) V.3.1; Y.1.28; यावदेव भवेत्कल्यस्तावच्छ्रेयः समाचरेत् (yāvadeva bhavetkalyastāvacchreyaḥ samācaret) Mb.

2) Ready, prepared; कथयस्व कथामेतां कल्याः स्मः श्रवणे तव (kathayasva kathāmetāṃ kalyāḥ smaḥ śravaṇe tava) Mb.1.5.3.

3) Clever.

4) Agreeable, auspicious (as a discourse); स स्नुषामब्रवीत्काले कल्यवादी महातपाः (sa snuṣāmabravītkāle kalyavādī mahātapāḥ) Mb.11.14.6.

5) Deaf and dumb.

6) Instructive.

7) Perfect in arts; कल्यो निरामये सज्जे दक्षे साधौ कलासु च (kalyo nirāmaye sajje dakṣe sādhau kalāsu ca) Nm.

-lyam 1 Dawn, daybreak; य इदं कल्य उत्थाय महापुरुषलक्षणम् (ya idaṃ kalya utthāya mahāpuruṣalakṣaṇam) Bhāg.12.11.26.

2) To-morrow.

3) Spirituous liquor.

4) Congratulation, good wishes.

5) Good news.

-lyaḥ 1 means; सामदानादिभिः कल्यैः (sāmadānādibhiḥ kalyaiḥ) (ānaya) Rām.4.37.9.

2) Hurling, casting (of missiles); Mb.7.195.3.

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Kalyā (कल्या).—

1) Spirituous liquor.

2) Name of a plant (harītakī).

3) Congratulation.

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Kālya (काल्य).—a. [kāla-yat]

1) Timely, seasonable.

2) Agreeable, pleasant, auspicious.

3) Of the morning time; प्रभाते काल्यमुत्थाय चक्रे गोदानमुत्तमम् (prabhāte kālyamutthāya cakre godānamuttamam) Rām.1.72.21.

-lyā 1 A cow fit for the bull.

2) A woman arrived at puberty or maturity) who has reached the time favourable to conception). उपसर्या काल्या प्रजने (upasaryā kālyā prajane) P.III.1.14.

-lyam Day-break; Rām.2.7.26; काल्यं विषादविमुखः प्रतिवेशवर्गः । दोषाश्च मे वदतु कर्मसु कौशलं च (kālyaṃ viṣādavimukhaḥ prativeśavargaḥ | doṣāśca me vadatu karmasu kauśalaṃ ca) || Chārudattam 3.1. काल्याग्नौ द्विजकुलनादमन्त्रवादैरुद्दीप्ते तिमिरतिलाहुतिं विधाय (kālyāgnau dvijakulanādamantravādairuddīpte timiratilāhutiṃ vidhāya) ... Rām. Ch.7.61.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalya (कल्य).—mfn.

(-lyaḥ-lyā-lyaṃ) 1. Ready, prepared, armed. 2. Healthy, free from sickness. 3. Clever, dexterous. 4. Deaf and dumb. 5. Auspicious, (speech or discourse.) 6. Counselling, monitory. 7. Sound, perfect, free from mental or bodily imperfections. n.

(-lyaṃ) 1. The dawn or break of day. 2. Yesterday. 3. Tomorrow. nf.

(-lyaṃ-lyā) 1. Spirituous liquor. 2. Congratulation, good wishes, annunciation of good tidings. f.

(-lyā) Emblic myrobalan: see harītakī. E. kal to count, &c. yak aff.

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Kālya (काल्य).—mfn.

(-lyaḥ-lyā-lyaṃ) Timely, seasonable. n.

(-lyaṃ) Dawn, day-break, see kalya f.

(-lyā) 1. A cow fit for the bull. 2. Pleasant or auspicious discourse: see kalyā. E. kāla time, and yat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalya (कल्य).— (i. e. kṛ + ya, cf. kalyāṇa, of which the lingual proves that the original form was karyāṇa, cf. also ) I. adj., f. . 1. Healthy, Mahābhārata 2, 1974. 2. Ready, Mahābhārata 1, 865. Ii. n. Dawn, Mahābhārata 1, 6304. Iii. kalya + m, adv. At break of day, Mahābhārata 1, 6304. kalyam-kalyam, Every morning, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 44, 112.

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Kālya (काल्य).—i. e. kalya + a, n. Dawn, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 34, 34.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalya (कल्य).—[adjective] well, healthy, ready, able, capable. [neuter] health; dawn, daybreak; an intoxicating drink. kalyam, kalye & kalya (°—) early.

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Kālya (काल्य).—[neuter] daybreak; [locative] & [accusative] at daybreak, early.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kalya (कल्य):—mf(ā)n. (√3. kal, [Tārānātha tarkavācaspati’s Vācaspatyam, Sanskrit dictionary]) well, healthy, free from sickness (cf. a-k, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra ix, 28])

2) hale, vigorous, [Mahābhārata ii, 347; Naiṣadha-carita; Yājñavalkya i, 28]

3) sound, perfect, strong, [Mahābhārata]

4) clever, dexterous, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) ready or prepared for ([locative case] or [infinitive mood]), [Mahābhārata]

6) agreeable, auspicious (as speech), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) instructive, admonitory, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) deaf and dumb (cf. kala and kalla), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) n. health, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) dawn, morning, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) yesterday, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) (am, ā) n. f. spirituous liquor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. kadambarī)

13) Kalyā (कल्या):—[from kalya] f. praise, eulogy, [Tārānātha tarkavācaspati’s Vācaspatyam, Sanskrit dictionary]

14) [v.s. ...] good wishes, good tidings, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] Emblic Myrobalan (harītakī q.v.), (cf. [Greek] καλός.)

16) Kālya (काल्य):—[from kāla] a mf(ā)n. timely, seasonable, [Pāṇini 5-1, 107]

17) [v.s. ...] being in a particular period [gana] aig-ādi

18) [v.s. ...] ifc. [gana] vargyādi

19) [v.s. ...] pleasant, agreeable, auspicious (as discourse cf. kalya), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) Kālyā (काल्या):—[from kālya > kāla] f. (with prajane) a cow fit for the bull, [Pāṇini 3-1, 104]

21) Kālya (काल्य):—[from kāla] (am) n. ‘day-break’

22) b See 2. kāla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kalya (कल्य):—[(lyaḥ-lyā-lyaṃ) a.] Ready; healthy, clever; deaf. 1. n. Spirituous liquor; yesterday; to-morrow. f. Spirituous liquor; emblic myrobalan; the dawn of day.

2) Kālya (काल्य):—[(lyaṃ-lyā)] 1. n. Dawn. f. A full grown cow; kind words. a. Seasonable, timely.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kalya (कल्य):—

1) adj. a) wohl auf, gesund [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 2, 8. 3, 4, 24, 161.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 474.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 347.] [Medinīkoṣa y. 8.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 28.] yāvadeva bhavetkalyastāvacchreyaḥ samācaret [Mahābhārata 2, 1974.] kalye vayasi [Vikramorvaśī 42] falsche Lesart für kalpe . — b) gerüstet, bereit [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 24, 161.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] (lies sajja st. sayya). kathayasva kathāmetāṃ kalyāḥ sma śrāvaṇe tava [Mahābhārata 1, 865.] labdhvā rathaṃ dhanuścaiva tathākṣayye maheṣudhī . babhūva kalyaḥ kaunteyaḥ prahṛṣṭaḥ sahyakarmaṇi .. [8195. fg.] kalyau svo bhagavanyoddhumapi sarvaiḥ surāsuraiḥ [8202.] — c) geschickt (dakṣa) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — d) angenehm, erfreulich (von einer Rede) [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 5, 18.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 273.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] belehrend, ermahnend [Medinīkoṣa]; vgl. kalyāṇa . — e) taubstumm [Medinīkoṣa]; vgl. kala und kalla . —

2) n. Tagesanbruch [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 3, 2.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 102.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 139.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] kalyam adv. mit Tagesanbruch [Mahābhārata 1, 6304. 2, 558. 3, 8262. 13, 1557. 5210.] [Nalopākhyāna 24, 43.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 26, 29. 3, 22, 15. 74, 2.] kalyaṃ kalyam [?4, 44, 112. Mahābhārata in Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 37, 31.] kalye dass. [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 24, 78.] kalyaprabodhana [Mahābhārata 13, 5217]; vgl. atikalyam . —

3) ein berauschendes Getränk, n. [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] kalyā f. [Medinīkoṣa]; vgl. kalpa .

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Kālya (काल्य):—(von 2. kāla)

1) adj. f. ā a) der Zeit entsprechend [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 107.] sich in einer bestimmten Periode befindend gaṇa digādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 54.] kālyā prajane belegbar (von einer Kuh) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 1, 104]; daher kālyā f. eine belegbare Kuh [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 70.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1268.] kālya am Ende eines comp. gaṇa vargyādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 131.] — b) angenehm, erfreulich (von einer Rede) [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 5, 18,] [Scholiast] Vgl. kalya . —

2) m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes v.l. im gaṇa naḍādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 99.] —

3) n. Tagesanbruch [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 139.] śvaḥ kālye [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 34, 34.] [Suśruta 2, 162, 12.] prabhāte kālyamutthāya [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 72, 21.] [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 166.] Vgl. kalya .

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Kalya (कल्य):—

1) b) ahaṃ hi vidurasyāsya nākalyo jātu darśane ich bin stets bereit ihn zu sehen, ich sehe ihn immer gern [Mahābhārata 5, 975. fg.] —

2) kalyam mit Tagesanbruch [NALA] [?(BRUCE) 25, 1.] gestern [Halāyudha 5, 23.] —

3) n. [Halāyudha 2, 175.] —

4) n. Gesundheit: kṛt [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 104, 5. 31.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kalya (कल्य):—1. —

1) — a) wohl auf , gesund [Naiṣadhacarita 8,57.] vayas das kräftige Alter. — b) gerüstet — , bereit zu (Loc. oder Infin.) — c) geschickt , befähigt. Als Beiw. Śiva’s [Mahābhārata 12,284,94] ( = samartha [Nīlakaṇṭha ,] kalpa v.l.). — d) *angenehm , erfreulich (Rede). — e) *belehrend , ermahnend. — f) *taubstumm.

2) n. — a) Gesundheit. — b) Tagesanbruch. kalyam , kalye ([Indische sprüche 7760] ) und kalya mit Tagesanbruch. kalyam *gestern.

3) (*f. ā) und n. ein berauschendes Getränk ; vgl. kalpa.

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Kalya (कल्य):—2. Adj. zu errathen , in ā ([Nachtr]äge ).

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Kālya (काल्य):——

1) *Adj. (f. ā) — a) der Zeit entsprechend , sich in einer best. Periode befindend. kālyā prajane belegbar (Kuh). f. kālyā eine belegbare Kuh. — b) angenehm , erfreulich.

2) *m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes. —

3) n. Tagesanbruch. Loc. und Acc. mit Tagesanbruch (auch neben prabhāte). [Rāmāyaṇa 1,72.21] liest die ed. Bomb. kālpam. was der Comm. mit godānam verbindet und durch prātaḥkālakartavyam erklärt.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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