Kalpana, Kalpanā: 10 definitions


Kalpana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kalpanā (कल्पना).—A mindborn mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 25.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kalpana (कल्पन).—(or कल्पना (kalpanā)) supposition, assumption; cf गुणकल्पनया च भिक्षुनटसूत्रयोश्छन्दस्त्वम् (guṇakalpanayā ca bhikṣunaṭasūtrayośchandastvam) Kāś. on P. IV.3.110; cf. also अनेक-क्लिष्टकल्पनापेक्षया अस्या उचितत्वात् (aneka-kliṣṭakalpanāpekṣayā asyā ucitatvāt) Pari. Śek. on. Pari. 94.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Kalpanā (कल्पना) refers to “drug formulations”, as dealt with in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations (kalpanā) which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kalpanā (कल्पना).—f (S) A thought or an idea; a fancy conceived, or an image formed, in the mind. 2 A plan, scheme, device, invention. 3 Sentiment, fancy, imagery, conceit: also a fiction, a fancy, a mental creation. 4 A conjecture, fancy, imagination, a mere conception. 5 A design, purpose, intention. 6 A doubt, apprehension, misgiving. Ex. kalpanēcī bādhā na hō kōṇē kāḷīṃ || hī santa- maṇḍaḷī sukhī asō ||. 7 An assumption, supposition, hypothesis. 8 The art of arrangement or construction (of words or sentences). Ex. padēṃ jarīṃ ṭhāūka asalīṃ tarīṃ vākyācī ka0 karaṇyāsa bōlaṇyā- cā abhyāsa pāhijē. 9 The art, trick, secret (as of an ingenious contrivance); the plan of its construction, the mode of its operation &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kalpanā (कल्पना).—f A plan. A thought, sentiment. A doubt.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kalpana (कल्पन).—[klṛp-lyuṭ]

1) Forming, fashioning, arranging.

2) Performing, doing, effecting.

3) Clipping, cutting.

4) Fixing.

5) Anything placed upon another for decoration.

-nā 1 Fixing, settlement; अनेकपितृकाणां तु पितृतो भागकल्पना (anekapitṛkāṇāṃ tu pitṛto bhāgakalpanā) Y.2.12;247; Ms.9.116.

2) Making, performing, doing.

3) Forming, arranging; विषमासु च कल्पनासु (viṣamāsu ca kalpanāsu) Mk.3.14; केश° (keśa°) Mk.4.

4) Decorating, ornamenting.

5) Composition.

6) Invention.

7) Imagination, thought; कल्पनापोढः (kalpanāpoḍhaḥ) Sk. P.II.1.38 = कल्पनाया अपोढः (kalpanāyā apoḍhaḥ).

8) An idea, fancy or image (conceived in the mind); Śānti.2.8.

9) Fabrication.

1) Forgery.

11) A contrivance, device.

12) (In Mīm. phil.) = अर्थापत्ति (arthāpatti) q. v.

13) Decorating an elephant.

Derivable forms: kalpanam (कल्पनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalpana (कल्पन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Cutting. 2. Making, manufacturing. 3. Making as a poem or tale, inventing, composing. nf.

(-naṃ-nā) 1. Inference. 2. Invention, fabrication. 3. Caparisoning or decorating an elephant. f. (-nī) A scissors or shears. E. kṛp to be able, &c. lyu or lyuṭ affix, and consequentiy ṭāp or ṅīp fem. do.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalpana (कल्पन).—i. e. kḷp + ana, I. n. 1. Determination, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 111, 8. 2. Caparisoning or decorating an elephant, [Daśakumāracarita] 53, 13. 3. Ornament, Mahābhārata 13, 2784. Ii. f. . 1. A rule, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 116. 2. Performance, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 47, 17. 3. Making, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 2, 5, 42; 4, 18, 32. 4. Imagination.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kalpana (कल्पन):—[from kalpa] n. forming, fashioning, making, performing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] ‘forming in the imagination, inventing’, composition of a poem, [Prabodha-candrodaya]

3) [v.s. ...] cutting, clipping, working with edge-tools, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a religious ceremony

5) [v.s. ...] anything put on for ornament, [Mahābhārata xiii, 2784]

6) Kalpanā (कल्पना):—[from kalpana > kalpa] f. making, manufacturing, preparing, [Suśruta; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] practice, [Caraka]

8) [v.s. ...] fixing, settling, arranging, [Manu-smṛti ix, 116; Yājñavalkya]

9) [v.s. ...] creating in the mind, feigning, assuming anything to be real, fiction, [Kapila’s Sāṃkhya-pravacana] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] hypothesis, [Nyāyamālā-vistara]

11) [v.s. ...] caparisoning an elephant, [Daśakumāra-carita]

12) [v.s. ...] form, shape, image

13) [v.s. ...] a deed, work, act, [Mṛcchakaṭikā]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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