Kalingadatta, Kaliṅgadatta: 2 definitions


Kalingadatta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kalingadatta in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kaliṅgadatta (कलिङ्गदत्त).—See under Dharmadatta.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kalingadatta in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Kaliṅgadatta (कलिङ्गदत्त) is the name of a Buddhist king from Takṣaśilā: a city on the banks of the Vitastā according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 27. Accordingly, “in it [Takṣaśilā] there dwelt a king named Kaliṅgadatta, a distinguished Buddhist, all whose subjects were devoted to the great Buddha, the bridegroom of Tārā. His city [Takṣaśilā] shone with splendid Buddhist temples densely crowded together, as if with the horns of pride elevated because it had no rival upon earth. He [Kaliṅgadatta] not only cherished his subjects like a father, but also himself taught them knowledge like a spiritual guide”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kaliṅgadatta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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