Kalatraya, Kālatraya, Kala-traya: 9 definitions


Kalatraya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kālatraya (कालत्रय, “three times”) refers to a statement (within a sentence) which is related “to the past, present or future time”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. Kālatraya is a classification of statements, defined according to vācika (verbal representation).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kalatraya in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Kālatraya (कालत्रय) refers to “three times per day” (of taking herbs), according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “[The intercourse (saṃga)]:—[...] He should dry brahmamaṇḍūkī together with its roots in the shade. He should mix it with grape-juice, candied sugar and ghee. He should have it three times (kālatraya) [a day] for three months in portions measuring a dice as food and drink and he should drink milk. His semen will not deteriorate in millions of years if he practises sex [with Māyā]. His [semen] will never ever wane. It is for the rejuvenation of the body, O Priyā. [...]”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Kālatraya (कालत्रय) [=trikāla?] refers to the “three times” (i.e., the past, present, and future), according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 7.207]—“[The Yogin] dwells there [in breath]. He should impel all [creation], [and is] situated among all beings. After [he has] meditated upon [haṃsa], he conquers death. The powerful Lord does not create that which is not situated in kāla. For one engaged in meditation, after six months, omniscience arises. The knower of yoga is yoked with kāla. He recognizes three times (kālatraya) [the past, present, and future]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kalatraya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kālatraya (कालत्रय).—n (S) kālatṛtaya n S The three times, the past, present, and future. Ex. sparśa na karī karīṃ kālatrayīṃ ||. kālatrayīṃ nāhīṃ It has never been and it will never be.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kālatraya (कालत्रय).—n The 3 times, the present, past, and future.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kalatraya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kālatraya (कालत्रय).—the three times; the past, the present, and the future; °दर्शी (darśī) K.46.

Derivable forms: kālatrayam (कालत्रयम्).

Kālatraya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāla and traya (त्रय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kālatraya (कालत्रय):—[=kāla-traya] [from kāla] n. the three times id est. past, present, and future.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kalatraya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kālatraya (कालत्रय):—(nm) the three times —past, present and future taken together.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kalatraya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kālatraya (ಕಾಲತ್ರಯ):—

1) [noun] (pl.) past, present and future time.

2) [noun] the three divisions of the day-time, i.e. the morning, afternoon and evening.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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