Kalatra: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Kalatra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Kalatra (कलत्र) represents the number 7 (seven) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 7—kalatra] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kalatra (कलत्र) refers to the “wife” (which is mentioned as the most important of the ‘intimate ones’), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.2 (“The Prayer of the gods).—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Śiva: “[...] Among the Yogas you are the Vyatīpāta; among creepers you are the Soma creeper; among intellectual activities you are the virtuous inclination, among intimate ones you are the wife (kalatra). Among the pure activities of the aspirant, O great lord, you are Prāṇāyāma; among all Jyotirliṅgas you are Viśveśvara. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Kalatra (कलत्र) refers to the “wive”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.Next he speaks about the transitoriness (anityatām) of children and wives, etc. (putrakalatrādinām)]—If children, wives, wealth, relations [and] bodies will inevitably go away, then why is one distressed uselessly for the sake of them?”.

Synonyms: Strī, Yoṣit, Aṅganā, Vallabha, Rāma.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kalatra.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘seven’. Note: kalatra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kalatra (कलत्र).—n (S Body. Hence) The wife of. (One's wife being one's body or vāmāṅga left side.) Ex. vṛddhāpakāḷīṃ ōḷakhijē ka0 ॥.

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kaḷatra (कळत्र).—n A wife, the wife of. See kalatra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kalatra (कलत्र).—n A wife.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kalatra (कलत्र).—

1) A kind of vessel.

2) A wife.

3) Hip.

Derivable forms: kalatram (कलत्रम्).

See also (synonyms): kaḍatra.

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Kalatra (कलत्र).—

1) A wife; वसुमत्या हि नृपाः कलत्रिणः (vasumatyā hi nṛpāḥ kalatriṇaḥ) R.8.83; 1.32;12.34; यद्भर्तुरेव हितमिच्छति तत्कलत्रम् (yadbhartureva hitamicchati tatkalatram) Bhartṛhari 2.68.

2) The female of an animal.

3) The hip and loins; इन्दुमूर्तिमिवोद्दाममन्मथविलासगृहीतगुरुकलत्राम् (indumūrtimivoddāmamanmathavilāsagṛhītagurukalatrām) K.189 (where ka° has both senses); Kirātārjunīya 8.9,17.

4) Any royal citadel.

5) The seventh lunar mansion.

Derivable forms: kalatram (कलत्रम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kalatra (कलत्र).—(nt.; in Sanskrit only wife except once in Harṣac. according to Thomas, retinue, see Schmidt, Nachtr.; see kaḍatra), (1) family (in the usual Eng. sense): Bodhisattvabhūmi 362.7 (bodhi- sattvena sarvaḥ sattvadhātuḥ) kalatrabhāvena parigṛhī- taḥ, cherished like or adopted as (one's own) family (oftener kaḍatra, q.v.); (2) servants (familia), especially perhaps male servants: Lalitavistara 139.12 (verse) dāsī-kalatra-jani (loc.) yādṛśam ātmaprema (in a description of the qualities of a wife, so that kalatra cannot possibly mean wife); Foucaux, because of preceding dāsī, understands kalatra as referring to males alone, which is possible but hardly necessary.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalatra (कलत्र).—n.

(-traṃ) 1. The hip and loins. 2. A wife. 3. A royal citadel, a strong hold or fastness. E. gaḍa to distil, &c. atrac affix, ka is substituted for ga, and ḍa and la are interchangeable: see kaḍatra; or kala weak, feeble, and tra, from trai to preserve, affix ḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalatra (कलत्र).—n. A wife, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 58.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalatra (कलत्र).—[neuter] wife or any female being.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kalatra (कलत्र):—n. a wife, consort, [Mahābhārata; Bhartṛhari; Hitopadeśa] etc.

2) the female of an animal, [Vikramorvaśī]

3) the hip and loins, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) pudendum muliebre, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) a royal citadel, a stronghold or fastness, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) (in [astronomy]) the seventh lunar mansion, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalatra (कलत्र):—[kala-tra] (traṃ) 1. n. The hip and loins; a wife; a royal citadel.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kalatra (कलत्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kalatta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kalatra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kalatra (ಕಲತ್ರ):—

1) [noun] a married woman, as related to her husband; a wife.

2) [noun] the hip and loins.

3) [noun] (astrol.) the seventh house in the zodiac diagram (which is supposed to foretell about one’s wife).

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Kaḷatra (ಕಳತ್ರ):—

1) [noun] a married woman, as related to her husband; a wife.

2) [noun] the hip and loins.

3) [noun] (astrol.) the seventh house in the zodiac diagram (which is supposed to foretell about one’s wife).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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