Kalamana, Kālamāna: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kalamana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kalamana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kālamāna (कालमान).—(Calculating time). In ancient days in India time was calculated in the following manner.

Time taken (needed) to pierce a leaf with a needle—Alpakāla 30 Alpakālas—1 Truṭi 30 Truṭis—1 Kalā 30 Kalās—1 Kāṣṭhā 30 Kāṣṭhās—1 Nimiṣa (mātrā) 4 Nimiṣas—1 Gaṇita 10 Gaṇitas—1 Neṭuvīrpu (time for a deep sigh) 6 Neṭuvīrpus—1 Vināzhikā 6 Vināzhikās—1 Ghaṭikā 60 Ghaṭikās—1 Day (Ahorātra) 15 Ahorātras—1 Pakṣa (Fortnight) 2 Pakṣas—1 Cāndramāsa (A day for the Pitṛs) 2 Māsas (months)—1 Ṛtu. 6 Ṛtus—1 year for men (A day for the Devas) 300 Years (Men's)—1 Divyavarṣa (Divine year) 4800 Divyavarṣas—1 Kṛtayuga 3600 Divyavarṣas—1 Tretāyuga 2400 Divyavarṣas—1 Dvāparayuga 1200 Divyavarṣas—1 Kaliyuga 12000 Divyavarṣas—1 Caturyuga 71 Caturyugas—1 Manvantara 14 Manvantaras—1 Pralaya (Kalpa) 1 Pralaya—Brahmā’s one day. (Bhāgavata Tṛtīya skandha) 7(1/2) Nāzhikās (Ghaṭikās)—1 Yāma 4 Yāmas—1 day time 8 Yāmas—1 day (day and night). (Devī Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha). (See full article at Story of Kālamāna from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kālamāna (कालमान).—n (S) Measurement of time. 2 An instrument gen. for measuring time, any chronometer. 3 Laxly. Time or season as to its character or quality. Ex. ātāṃ hēṃ kā0 ca vēgaḷēṃ. Agreeing with kālamāhātmya. v phira, badala, ulaṭa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kālamāna (कालमान).—n Measurement of time. Time as to its character. Tendency of the times.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kālamāna (कालमान).—m.

(-naḥ) Black Tulasi; also read kālamāla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kālamāna (कालमान):—[=kāla-māna] [from kāla] m. = -māla, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kālamāna (कालमान):—[kāla-māna] (naḥ) 1. m. Black Tulasi.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kālamāna (कालमान):—m. = kālamāla [Ratnamālā im Śabdakalpadruma]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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