Kakusandha: 1 definition


Kakusandha means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Kakusandha in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The twenty second of the twenty four Buddhas and the first of the five Buddhas of the present Bhaddakappa.

He was the son of the brahmin Aggidatta, chaplain of Khemankara, king of Khemavati, and Visakha.

He was born in the Khema pleasaunce, and lived for four thousand years in the household in three palaces - Ruci, Suruci and Vaddhana (or Rativaddhana).

His wife was Virocamana (or Rocani), and he had a son, Uttara.

He left the world riding in a chariot, and practised austerities for only eight months.

Before his Enlightenment, he was given a meal of milk rice by the daughter of the brahmin Vajirindha of the village Sucirindha, and grass for his seat by the yavapalaka Subhadda.

His bodhi was a Sirisa tree, and his first sermon was preached to eighty four thousand monks in the park near the city of Makila.

He performed the Twin Miracle under a Sala tree at the gates of Kannakujja. Among his converts was a fierce yakkha named Naradeva.

He held only one assembly of his monks.

Kakusandhas body was forty cubits in height, and he died at the age of forty thousand years in the Khema pleasaunce.

The thupa erected over his relics was one league high.

The Bodhisatta was at that time a king named Khema. The Buddhas chief disciples were Vidhura and Sanjiva among monks, and Sama and Campa among nuns. His personal attendant was Buddhija. Accuta and Samana, Nanda and Sunanda were his most eminent lay supporters (D.ii.7; Bu.xxiii; J.i.42; BuA.209ff). Kakusandha kept the fast day (uposatha) every year (DhA.iii.236). In Kakusandhas time a Mara, named Dusi (a previous birth of Moggallana), gave a great deal of trouble to the Buddha and his followers, trying greatly the Buddhas patience (M.i.333ff; Thag.1187). The Samyutta Nikaya (S.ii.190f) mentions that during the time of Kakusandha, the Mount Vepulla of Rajagaha was named Pacina vamsa and the inhabitants were called Tivara.

The monastery built by Accuta on the site where, in the present age, Anathapindika erected the Jetavanarama, was half a league in extent, and the ground was bought by golden kacchapas sufficient in number to cover it (J.i.94).

According to the Ceylonese chronicles (Dpv.ii.66; xv.25, 34; xvii.9, 16, etc.; Mhv.xv.57-90), Kakusandha paid a visit to Ceylon. The island was then known as Ojadipa and its capital was Abhayanagara, where reigned King Abhaya. The Mahameghavana was called Mahatittha. The Buddha came, with forty thousand disciples, to rid the island of a pestilence caused by yakkhas and stood on the Devakuta mountain from where, by virtue of his own desire, all inhabitants of the country could see him. The Buddha and his disciples were invited to a meal by the king,

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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