Kaitabha, Kaiṭabha: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kaitabha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kaitabha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kaiṭabha (कैटभ).—General information. Kaiṭabha was the brother of Madhu, an Asura (demon). These two brothers are known in the Purāṇas as Madhu-Kaiṭabhas. (See full article at Story of Kaiṭabha from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kaiṭabha (कैटभ) and Madhu are the names of two Asuras.—Madhu and Kaiṭabha sprang from the ear of Viṣṇu while he was asleep at the end of a Kalpa. As soon as born they tried to kill Brahmā who was lying on the lotus sprung from Viṣṇu’s navel. Viṣṇu killed them and obtained the names Kaitabhajit and Madhusūdana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kaiṭabha (कैटभ).—An Asura (Daitya, Vāyu-purāṇa) slain by Hari,1 born with Madhu, representing the qualities of tamas and rajas.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 24. 18; VI. 12. 1; X. 40. 17; Vāyu-purāṇa 25. 30, 54.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 170. 1; 178. 6-18.

1b) An Asura slain by Durgā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 37. 2; IV. 29. 75.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kaiṭabha (कैटभ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.9.15, V.128.49) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kaiṭabha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Kaiṭabha (कैटभ) and Madhu were slain by Lord Hayaśīrṣa, as mentioned in the 9th century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra (Ādikāṇḍa chapter 1).—“[...] Maheśvara said: Mighty Lord Hayaśīrṣa—who was the slayer of Madhu and Kaiṭabha—when he was in the cosmic ocean–was asked by you Bhṛgu about the Pañcarātra. O Intelligent one, please tell me of the four Vedas, which were consigned, all of that at great length, O four-faced one”.

Note: The story of Madhu and Kaiṭabha appears in many Pañcarātra texts, including the Jayākya-saṃhitā, it is also in the Mahābhārataas well as in the Uttarakāṇḍa of the Vālmiki Rāmāyaṇa. The development of the story has been traced by Andreas Bock. Bock traces the development of the story from what he sees as its first appearance in the Mahābhārata till its later development in various Pāñcarātra sources. With regards to the version [of Kaiṭabha and Madhu] told in the Hayaśīrṣa Pañcarātra Bock sees it as directly dependent on the Viṣṇudharmottara-purāṇa1.15, The Mahābhārata 12. 335, Jayākhya-saṃhitā s and Ahirbudhnya-saṃhitā 41.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaiṭabha (कैटभ).—Name of a demon killed by Viṣṇu. [He was a very powerful demon. He and Madhu are said to have sprung from the ears of Viṣṇu while he was asleep; and when they were about to devour Brahman they were slain by Viṣṇu].

-bhā, -bhī An epithet of Durgā.

Derivable forms: kaiṭabhaḥ (कैटभः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kaiṭabha (कैटभ).—(once in Lalitavistara) kaiṭubha, m. (= Pali keṭu-bha), ritual science (of the Veda; = Sanskrit kalpa, as a Vedāṅga; so Buddhaghosa on the Pali, see [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]): for the corrupt text of Lalitavistara 156.18 (in list of sciences) ajalak- ṣaṇe miśṛlakṣaṇe kauṭubheśvaralakṣaṇe nirghaṇṭe, read, with each word confirmed by Tibetan and supported by good mss. (except mss. śvara for śva), but order correct only in Tibetan, all Sanskrit mss. kaiṭ° before śva°: ajalakṣaṇe miṇ- ḍhalakṣaṇe śvalakṣaṇe kaiṭubhe nirghaṇṭe; Mahāvyutpatti 5052 kaiṭabhaḥ, following 5051 nighaṇṭuḥ; otherwise only in [bahuvrīhi] [compound] sa-nighaṇṭa- (or nirghaṇṭa-)-kaiṭabha, epithet of veda, along with etymology and ritual science: (vedā- nāṃ…) sa° °bhānāṃ Mahāvastu i.231.18; ii.77.9; 89.17; iii.450.7; Avadāna-śataka ii.19.7; (vedān…) sa° °bhān Divyāvadāna 619.22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaiṭabha (कैटभ).—m.

(-bhaḥ) A demon slain by Vishnu'. f.

(-bhā) A name of Durga. E. kaiṭabha a demon in whose death the goddess was instrumental, by having at the prayers of Brahma roused Vishnu from his slumbers, during which two demons, Kaitabha and Madhu, were about to demolish Brahma; also kaiṭabhī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaiṭabha (कैटभ).—m. The name of an Asura or demon, Mahābhārata 3, 498.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaiṭabha (कैटभ).—[masculine] [Name] of an Asura slain by Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaiṭabha (कैटभ):—m. Name of an Asura (slain by Viṣṇu), [Mahābhārata iii; Harivaṃśa; Suśruta; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Brahma-purāṇa] etc.

2) f(ā or ī) Name of Durgā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) n. Name of a class of writings, [Divyāvadāna xxxiii] (Pāli keṭubha), [Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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