Kaishika, Kaiśika: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Kaishika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kaiśika can be transliterated into English as Kaisika or Kaishika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kaishika in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kaiśika (कैशिक).—See under Jyāmagha.

2) Kaiśika (कैशिक).—An ancient country in Bhārata. It is mentioned in Mahā Bhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 14 that Bhīṣmaka the King of Vidarbha conquered this country.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kaiśika (कैशिक).—A son of Vidarbha; father of Cidi, after whom caidyas came to be known.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 37; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 36-38; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 12. 37.

1b) A son of Dhṛti.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 12. 39.

1c) Of seven rūpas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 87. 35 and 36.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kaiśika (कैशिक) refers to one of the four “ways of using weapons” (releasing missiles), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 11. These ‘ways’ are known as nyāya and arise out of the various cārīs (‘dance-steps’).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Kaiśika (कैशिक).—One of the four nyāyas (ways of using weapons)—Instructions: The flourishing of the weapon near the breast or the shoulder which is to take place in the Bhārata [Nyaya] will hold good in case of the Kaiśika. But [in the latter] the weapon should be made to strike only after being flourished over the head.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kaiśika (कैशिक) is the name of an ancient kingdom, according to chapter 4.2 [vāsupūjya-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Vasupūjya and Jayā spoke to Vāsupūjya:—“All the existing kings, among men and the Vidyādharas, who are of good family, capable, heroic, wealthy, famous, possessing the fourfold army, known for guarding their subjects, free from blemish, faithful to engagements, always devoted to dharma, in Madhyadeśa, Vatsadeśa, [...] and other countries which are the ornaments of the eastern quarter; [... in the Kaiśikas, ...] these now, son, beg us constantly through messengers, who are sent bearing valuable gifts, to give their daughters to you. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaiśika (कैशिक).—a.

1) (- f.) [केश-ठक् (keśa-ṭhak)] Hairlike, fine as hair.

-kaḥ The sentiment of love, lust.

-kam A quantity of hair; कपटकैशिकभूषितमल्लिका (kapaṭakaiśikabhūṣitamallikā) Rām. Ch.4.37.

-kī One of the four varieties of dramatic style; Rām.5.1.163; more usually and correctly written कौशिकी (kauśikī) q. v.

2) An epithet of Durgā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaiśika (कैशिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) Love, passion, lust. f. (-kī) One of the four varieties of dramatic style, the graceful style, suited especially to the passion of love. n.

(-kaṃ) A quantity of hair, the head of hair. E. keśika having much hair. &c. affix aṇ fem. affix ṅīṣ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaiśika (कैशिक).—m. The name of a tribe, Mahābhārata 2, 585.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaiśika (कैशिक).—[feminine] ī as fine as a hair; [masculine] [Name] of an ancient king, [plural] his people (cf. krathakaiśika).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaiśika (कैशिक):—[from kaiśava] mf(ī)n. ([from] keśa), hair-like, fine as a hair, [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] m. (in music) Name of a Rāga

3) [v.s. ...] love, passion, lust, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince (son of Vidarbha and brother of Kratha)

5) [v.s. ...] of several men, [Harivaṃśa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a subdivision of the Yādavas (descended from Kaiśika), [Mahābhārata ii, 585; Raghuvaṃśa; Mālavikāgnimitra]

7) [from kaiśava] n. the whole mass of hair, head of hair, [Pāṇini 4-2, 48.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaiśika (कैशिक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) m.] Love. f. Dramatic style treating of love. 1. n. A quantity of hair.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kaishika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kaiśika (ಕೈಶಿಕ):—

1) [noun] lush hair.

2) [noun] the sentiment of love; sexual desire; lust.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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