Kaikeya: 8 definitions


Kaikeya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kaikeya (कैकेय).—A son of Śibi. His ten daughters were queens of Satrājit.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 3; Matsya-purāṇa 45. 19.

1b) A tribe.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 42.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Kaikeya is the name of an ancient kingdom is mentioned in to the “Kāpoli Plates of Aśaṅkitavarman” (6th century A.D.). The Kaikeya family is known from several epigraphs. The Halmiḍi inscription of Kadamba Kākusthavarman refers to a fight of the Kadambas with the Kekayas and Pallavas. The Kaikeya family also figures in later inscriptions such as the Haldipur plates of Gopāladeva and the Kekkār inscription of Aṇṇeyarasa of the eighth century.

These plates (mentioning Kaikeya) were found buried in an iron box at Kāpoli in the Khanapur Taluk of the Belgaum District. It records the gift of the village of Vaṃśavāṭaka situated in the tract of Sollundūraka-seventy in Palāśikā-viṣaya to Nāgaśarman of the Hārīta-gotra

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaikeya (कैकेय).—[kekayānāṃ rājā, aṇ] A prince or ruler of the Kekayas.

-yī a. A descendant of Kekaya; अश्वपतिर्वै कैकेयः (aśvapatirvai kaikeyaḥ) Ch. Up.5.11.4; कैकेयी सुमना नाम शाण्डिलीं पर्यपृच्छत (kaikeyī sumanā nāma śāṇḍilīṃ paryapṛcchata) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.123.2. f. A daughter of the prince of the Kekayas and one (the youngest) of the three wives of king Daśaratha and mother of Bharata. [When Rāma was about to be installed as heir-apparent, she was not less rejoiced than Kausalyā. But she had a very wicked nurse called Mantharā who long owed Rāma a grudge. Finding this to be an excellent opportunity for her revenge, Mantharā so completely perverted the mind of Kaikeyī that she became ready to ask the king, as suggested by her nurse, to grant her the two boons which he had formerly promised to her. By one of these boons she asked for the installation of her son Bharata, and by the other for the banishment of Rāma for fourteen years. Daśaratha, blinded by passion as he was, severely scolded her for her wicked demands, but was at last obliged to yield. On account of this wicked act her name has become proverbial for 'a shrew', or 'Xanthippe']

Derivable forms: kaikeyaḥ (कैकेयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaikeya (कैकेय).—a syncope of kaikayeya, i. e. kekaya + eya, patron. I. m. 1. A descendant of Kekaya, a king of the Kekayas, Mahābhārata 3, 462. 2. pl. The people of the Kekayas, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 43, 11. Ii. f. , One of the wives of Daśaratha, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 1, 24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaikeya (कैकेय).—[masculine] a king of the Kekayas; [feminine] ī a princess of the K., one of the wives of Dacaratha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaikeya (कैकेय):—[from kaikaya] a m. ([Pāṇini 7-3, 2]) ‘a descendant of Kekaya’, prince of the Kekayas, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa x; Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Śivi (from whom the Kaikeyas are derived), [Harivaṃśa 1680; Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 23, 3]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of Dhṛṣṭaketu (king of the Kaikeyas and father of the five Kaikeyas), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] the Kekayas, [Rāmāyaṇa]

5) [from kaikaya] n. the language of the Kekayas.

6) b See kaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kaikeya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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