Kaikaya: 8 definitions
Kaikaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Kaikaya (कैकय).—The husband of Śrutakīrti.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 157.
1b) Five in number born of Dhṛṣṭaketu and and Śrutakīrti. Its king was vanquished by Kṛṣṇa. See kekayas.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 38; II. 7. 35.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Kaikaya (कैकय) (or Kekaya) refers to a country belonging to “Uttaratas or Uttaradeśa (northern division)” classified under the constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada represent the northern division consisting of [i.e., Kaikaya] [...]”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Kaikaya (कैकय) refers to a sub-division of the Mlecchas: one of the two-fold division of men born in Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.
Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; on the mountains, Meru, etc., by kidnapping and power of learning, in the 2½ continents and in 2 oceans. [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. [...] The Mlecchas—[e.g., the Kaikayas, ...] and other non-Āryas also are people who do not know even the word ‘dharma’”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Kaikaya (कैकय).—The king of the Kekayas; Bhāgavata 9.24.38. see कैकय (kaikaya).
Derivable forms: kaikayaḥ (कैकयः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kaikaya (कैकय).—kaikaya = kekaya, and kaikeya, q. cf., Mahābhārata 1, 2647; 3, 2009; f. yī = kaikeyī, [Rāmāyaṇa] i. 1, 21.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kaikaya (कैकय):—m. the king of the Kekayas, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 24, 37]
2) m. [plural] the sons of that king, [ib.]
3) m. (= kek) the Kekayas, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+20): Dhrishtaketu, Kaikeya, Kaikayi, Satyarata, Kaikeyi, Samtardana, Viraka, Ushinara, Bhringi, Saptamasa, Vitasta, Dhanayukta, Rajatakara, Bahugiri, Candrabhaga, Iravati, Candrabhagasarit, Nepala, Kucca, Marwari.
Search found 12 books and stories containing Kaikaya; (plurals include: Kaikayas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section 13 < [Karna Parva]
Section 82 < [Karna Parva]
Section 47 < [Karna Parva]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 30: Mlecchas < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Part 5: Expedition of conquest < [Chapter I - Brahmadattacaritra]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Ramayana of Valmiki (by Hari Prasad Shastri)
Chapter 100 - Rama sends Bharata to conquer the Gandharvas < [Book 7 - Uttara-kanda]
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Harivamsha Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)