Kadu, Kaḍū, Kādū: 9 definitions


Kadu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kaḍu in the Hindi language is another name for Trāyamāṇā, a medicinal plant identified with Gentiana kurroo Royle. from the Gentianaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.57-59 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Other than the Hindi word Kaḍu, there are more synonyms identified for this plant among which sixteen are in Sanskrit.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Kadu (“wild”) is one of the gotras (clans) among the Kurnis (a tribe of South India). Kurni is, according to the Census Report 1901, “a corruption of kuri (sheep) and vanni (wool), the caste having been originally weavers of wool”. The gotras (viz., Kadu) are described as being of the Brāhman, Kshatriya, and Vaisya sub-divisions of the caste, and of Shanmukha’s Sudra caste.

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Kādū is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (e.g., Kādū) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.

These copper plates (mentioning Kādū) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kadu [ಕಾದು] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Senegalia catechu (L.f.) P.J.H.Hurter & Mabb. from the Mimosaceae (Touch-me-not) family having the following synonyms: Acacia catechu, Mimosa catechu, Acacia wallichiana. For the possible medicinal usage of kadu, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Kadu [कड़ु] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Gentiana kurroo Royle from the Gentianaceae (Gentian) family.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kadu in India is the name of a plant defined with Benincasa hispida in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Benincasa hispida Cogn. (among others).

2) Kadu is also identified with Echinochloa crus-galli It has the synonym Panicum crusgalli var. longisetum Trin. (etc.).

3) Kadu is also identified with Gentiana kurroo It has the synonym Pneumonanthe kurroo D. Don.

4) Kadu is also identified with Roylea cinerea It has the synonym Phlomis calycina Roxb. (etc.).

5) Kadu is also identified with Swertia decussata.

6) Kadu in Indonesia is also identified with Durio zibethinus It has the synonym Cullenia zeylanica (Gardn.) Wight ex K. Schum. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Indian Journal of Pharmacology (2002)
· Révision des Graminées (1829)
· Grasses of Burma (1960)
· Trop. Agric. (1941)
· Ceylon J. Sci., Biol. Sci. (1959)
· Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahlem (1941)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kadu, for example extract dosage, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, health benefits, side effects, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaḍū (कडू).—c (Lit. A bitter thing.) The offspring of a female slave: that of a wife, whether in her first or in her second marriage, is called gōḍa sweet. 2 n A covert term for Opium: also, at night, for kāta Catechu. 3 n Abridged from kaḍūviṭāḷa. 4 f Aching of the eyes (from ophthalmia, watching, dust &c.) v with ḍōḷyāṃlā.

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kaḍū (कडू).—a (kaṭu S) Bitter. 2 Used fig., much as the English word, of a disagreeable business or subject, of a persecuting enemy &c. Pr. ādi kaḍū maga gōḍa. 3 Bitter relatively; bitter as a species or variety amongst other species or varieties. 4 In this and the following senses kaḍū is opposed to gōḍavā or gōḍā q. v. Hard, untender, unyielding;--used of the heart of certain timbers (esp. of the bābhūḷa) in contrad. from the exterior portion. 5 Unkindly; ungenial to the taste of wood-worms--certain trees or plants. 9 Rough, austere, not sweet--certain oils. 7 Hard, saline, unloamy, unsuitable for cultivation--a soil. 8 Strong, sharp, biting, bitter--varieties of certain vegetables. 9 Stern, severe, unrelenting--a person or disposition.

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kāḍū (काडू).—m The common earthworm, otherwise called gāṇḍavaḷa & dānavēṃ or dānavā. 2 A tool of carpenters.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kaḍū (कडू).—a Bitter. Unkindly, stern, unrelenting.

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kāḍū (काडू).—m The common earthworm.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Kaḍu (कडु) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kaṭuka.

Kaḍu has the following synonyms: Kaḍua.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kaḍu (ಕಡು):—

1) [adjective] sharp; acute; harsh; biting; sever; serious.

2) [adjective] concentrated; strong (as a decoction, medicinal preparation, etc.).

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Kaḍu (ಕಡು):—[adverb] in higher degree; to a large extent; severely; harshly; seriously.

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Kaḍu (ಕಡು):—[noun] a piece of (agricultural) land that is demarkated clearly from other pieces of land.

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Kaḍu (ಕಡು):—[noun] a soft and easily pulverised white, gray or yellowish limestone that is composed mainly of minute sea shells; chalk.

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Kaḍu (ಕಡು):—[noun] (dial.) a kind of poison.

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Kāḍu (ಕಾಡು):—

1) [verb] to vex with importunity, jests etc.; to tease.

2) [verb] to trouble; to molest; to annoy.

3) [verb] to irritate (often, playfully).

4) [verb] to cause to do somehing by insistence, repeated requests or urging; to persuade (irritatingly).

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Kāḍu (ಕಾಡು):—

1) [noun] an expanse of land uncultivated, covered with thick trees, shrubs etc.; a forest.

2) [noun] (fig.) any piece of land covered with uncultivated, undesired plants.

3) [noun] a piece of land fit for tillage; an arable land.

4) [noun] a crude or coarse taste, manner; want of culture or civility; uncivility.

5) [noun] (in comp.) any piece of land (as in suḍugāḍu, haḷḷigāḍu, etc.).

6) [noun] ಕಾಡಿನ ಬೆಳದಿಂಗಳು [kadina beladimgalu] kāḍina beḷadiṃgaḷu beauty, talent, merit or value that is unnoticed or unutilised; ಕಾಡಿನಲ್ಲಿ ತಿರುಗಿ ಕಟ್ಟಿಗೆ ಇಲ್ಲಾ ಅನ್ನು [kadinalli tirugi kattige illa annu] kāḍinalli tirugi kaṭṭige illa annu being amidst plenty, search for it; ಕಾಡಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಹುಲಿ ಕೂಗಿದರೆ ನಾಡಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಒಕ್ಕಲು ತೆಗೆದರು [kadinalli huli kugidare nadinalli okkalu tegedaru] kāḍinalli huli kūgidare, nāḍinalli okkalu tegedaru take unreasonable precautions; ಕಾಡು ಬಾಯೆನ್ನುತ್ತಿರು, ಊರು ಹೋಗುಯೆನ್ನುತ್ತಿರು [kadu bayennuttiru, uru hoguyennuttiru] kāḍu bāyennuttiru, ūru hōgu yennuttiru to be in the last stage of one’s life, hence to be not interested in worldly matters.

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Kāḍu (ಕಾಡು):—

1) [adjective] not civilised; savage; rude; uncultured.

2) [adjective] not tamed; not domesticated.

3) [adjective] useless; futile.

4) [adjective] troubling, annoying; tending to inflict pain.

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Kāḍu (ಕಾಡು):—[noun] the colour of charcoal; black colour; the quality or state of being black; blackishness.

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Kādu (ಕಾದು):—[verb] to contend with in battle or combat; to war against; to fight with.

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Kādu (ಕಾದು):—[noun] a fight between two armed forces; a war.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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