Kaṇva, aka: Kanva, Kāṇva; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kaṇva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Kaṇva (कण्व) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana

Kaṇva in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kaṇva (कण्व):—Son of Apratiratha (one of the three sons of Rantināva). He had a son named Medhātithi. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.20.6-7)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Kaṇva (कण्व).—(KĀŚYAPA). General information. Kaṇva attained Purāṇic fame as the father who brought up Śakuntalā. From Ṛgveda it can be gathered that the Kaṇva family was very prominent among the Ṛṣi families of ancient India. Because he was born in the family of sage Kaśyapa, son of Brahmā, Kaṇva was known as Kāśyapa also. Kaṇva’s father was Medhātithi as could be seen by a reference to him in Śloka 27, Chapter 208 of Śānti Parva as Medhātithisuta. Kaṇva was staying in a hermitage on the banks of the river Mālinī, with a number of disciples. (See full article at Story of Kaṇva from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Kaṇva (कण्व).—A King of Pūruvaṃśa. (Pūru dynasty). He was the son of the brother of Santurodha, father of Duṣyanta. His father was Prītiratha and he also had a son named Medhātithi. (Agni Purāṇa).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Kaṇva (कण्व).—A son of Apratiratha and father of Medhātithi; Śakuntalā was brought up in his āśrama; performed birth and other saṃskāras to the son born to her.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 20. 6-12 and 18; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 5-6.

1b) A sage and contemporary of Kṛṣṇa with whom he went to Mithilā. Left Dvārakā for Piṇḍāraka. Invited for Yudhiṣṭhira's rājasūya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 86. 18; XI. 1. 12; X. 74. 7; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 6

1c) The minister of Devabhūti Śuṅga, whom he assassinated and usurped the throne.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 19.

1d) An Aṅgirasa and mantrakṛt. A pupil of Yājñavalkya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 109; 35. 28; Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 100; 61. 24.

1e) A son of Ajāmīḍha and Keśinī and father of Medhātithi.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 46; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 30-31.

1f) A ṛtvik at the yāga of Brahmā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 106. 35; 108. 42.

1g) A royal dynasty after Śuṅgas; four kings in all, ruled for 45 years.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 19; Matsya-purāṇa 272. 36; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 38, 42.

2a) Kāṇva (काण्व).—A disciple of Yājñavalkya.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 5. 30.

2b) A branch of Aṅgirasa;1 learnt the vājasani yajus.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 106.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 6. 74; Matsya-purāṇa 200. 9.

2c) The sūkta of the Sama Vedins recited in tank ritual.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 58. 37.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Kaṇva (कण्व) is the name of an ancient Rṣi repeatedly referred to in the Rigveda and later. His sons and descendants, the Kaṇvas, are also often mentioned, especially in the eighth book of the Rigveda, the authorship of that book, as well as of part of the first, being attributed to this family. A descendant of Kaṇva is also denoted by the name in the singular, either alone or accompanied by a patronymic, as Kaṇva Nārṣada and Kaṇva Śrāyasa, besides in the plural the Kaṇvas Sauśra-vasas. The Kaṇva family appears to have been connected with the Atri family, but not to have been of great importance. In one passage of the Atharvaveda they seem to be definitely regarded with hostility.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Kanva was a great sage. He is best known as the sage who adopted Shakuntala, and at whose hermitage she met and fell in love with Dushyanta.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Kaṇva (कण्‍व): Father of Shakuntala.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Kaṇva in Marathi glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kaṇva (कण्व).—m (kaṇva Name of a Muni or saint.) A tribe of Brahmans or an individual of it.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaṇva (कण्व).—a. [kaṇ kvan] Ved.

1) Talented, intelligent.

2) Praising; प्र सक्षणो दिव्यः कण्वहोता (pra sakṣaṇo divyaḥ kaṇvahotā) Rv.5.41.4.

3) Fit to be praised or honoured; Rv.1.115.5.

4) Deaf.

-ṇvaḥ 1 Name of a renowned sage, foster-father of Śakuntalā and progenitor of the line of काण्व (kāṇva) Brāhmaṇas. He was the author of several hymns of the Ṛigveda.

2) (Ved.) A peculiar class of evil spirits against whom charms or hymns (Av.2.25) are used; गर्भादं कण्वं नाशय (garbhādaṃ kaṇvaṃ nāśaya) Av.2.25.3.

3) A praiser.

4) The founder of Vedic schools.

-ṇvam Sin, evil.

--- OR ---

Kāṇva (काण्व).—A descendant or follower of Kaṇva.

-ṇvāḥ m. pl. The school of Kāṇvas.

Derivable forms: kāṇvaḥ (काण्वः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 79 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kanvaduhitri
Kaṇvaduhitṛ (कण्वदुहितृ).—Śakuntalā, Kaṇva's daughter. Kaṇvaduhitṛ is a Sanskrit compound consi...
Kanvasuta
Kaṇvasutā (कण्वसुता).—Śakuntalā, Kaṇva's daughter. Kaṇvasutā is a Sanskrit compound consisting ...
Kanvahotri
Kaṇvahotṛ (कण्वहोतृ).—a. one whose priest is a Kaṇva; प्र सक्षणो दिव्यः कण्वहोता (pra sakṣaṇo d...
Kanvajambhana
Kaṇvajambhana (कण्वजम्भन).—a. consuming or destroying the evil spirits called Kaṇvas (?). Kaṇva...
Kanvasakhin
Kaṇvasakhin (कण्वसखिन्).—a. Ved. a friend of the Kaṇvas, friendly disposed to them; स इदग्निः क...
Kanvopanishad
Kaṇvopaniṣad (कण्वोपनिषद्).—Name of an upaniṣad. Kaṇvopaniṣad is a Sanskrit compound consisting...
Kanvashatapathabrahmanam
While the texts on a particular art or a group of related arts, provide details of the princ...
Bhadra
1) Bhadrā (भद्रा) is another name for Jīvantī, a medicinal plant identified with Leptadenia ret...
Shakuntala
Śakuntalā (शकुन्तला).—Foster-daughter of sage Kaṇva.Birth. Śakuntalā was a daughter born to Viś...
Shubha
Śubha (शुभ) and Bhadrā were both cursed by Kaṇva, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter...
Malini
Mālinī (मालिनी) possibly corresponds to the ancient name for Campā: the capital of Aṅga: one of...
Krishna
Kṛṣṇa (कृष्ण).—The Harivaṃśa depicts Kṛṣṇa as the manifestation of Viṣṇu, and his elder brother...
Vasudeva
Vāsudeva is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (130...
Dushyanta
1) Duṣyanta (दुष्यन्त).—A reputed King of the Lunar dynasty. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu ...
Siddha
Siddha (सिद्ध) refers to “inflected words” according to Pāṇini (7th century BCE): author of the...

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