Jotiya, Jotika: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Jotiya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Jotiya - A king of seventy three kappas ago, a previous birth of Manjaripujaka. Ap.i.228.

2. Jotiya - A Nigantha, for whom Pandukabhaya built a house to the east of the Nicasusana at Anuradhapura (Mhv.x.97). The Mahavamsa Tika (p.296) calls him a Nagaravaddhaki. The Abhayagiri vihara was later erected on the spot occupied by Jotiyas residence. MT.620.

3. Jotika, Jotiya - A treasurer of Rajagaha who later became an arahant. In the past he had been a householder of Benares who, with his elder brother, owned a field of sugar cane. One day, when returning from the field with some stalks of sugar cane, he saw a Pacceka Buddha from Gandhamadana to whom he gave a bowl full of sugar cane juice for him to drink, and when he had drunk it, gave him another bowlful which the Pacceka Buddha took to Gandhamadana to share with his colleagues. The householder, when proffering his gifts, wished for glory and for Nibbana. His elder brother, hearing of this, was likewise filled with joy and he, too, wished for Nibbana.

In the time of Vipassi Buddha they were again brothers in a rich family of Bandhumati, the elder being called Sena and the younger Aparajita. Sena entered the Order and became an arahant. At his suggestion, Aparaijita (According to DhA.iii.364, both uncle and nephew were called Avaroja) built for the Buddha a very costly Gandhakuti, with the seven kinds of precious things. His nephew, also called Aparajita, built an elephant stable in front of the Gandhakuti and was reborn in this age as Mendaka. The Gandhakuti and its surroundings contained all kinds of luxuries and splendours beyond description. (For details see DhA.iv.203f). Within and without the chamber he caused jewels, pounded and otherwise, to be strewn knee deep. Those who came to listen to the Buddha went away, their hands full of jewels. One day a brahmin tried to carry away a very costly jewel, which much annoyed Aparijita. On mentioning it to the Buddha, the Buddha taught him to make a wish that his property should not be taken away by thieves or lost by fire or water. For nine months Aparajita held the ceremony of dedication of the Gandhakuti.

In this age he was born as the son of a setthi in Rajagaha. On the day of his birth the whole city became one blaze of light, hence his name, Jotika. The king, Bimbisara, gave one thousand a day for his milk money. When the time came for his marriage, Sakka provided for him a palace, seven storeys high, made entirely of precious minerals. Four urns of treasure stood at the four corners and four stalks of sugar cane made of solid gold, each the size of a palmyra tree with leaves of precious stones, to remind Jotika of his good deed in the past. Seven Yakkhas guarded the seven gates - Yamakoli, Uppala, Vajira, Vajirabahu, Kasakanda, Katattha and Disapamukha - each with numerous followers. Bimbisara, hearing of his splendour, appointed Jotika to the rank of setthi.

The gods brought him a wife from Uttarakuru and lodged her in an apartment in Jotikas palace. Her name was Satulakayi (DhA.iv.223). She brought with her a pint pot of rice and three crystal fire stones. Whenever they wished to eat, they would put rice over the boiler and set it over the crystals.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Joṭikā.—(Ep. Ind., Vol. IV, p. 253, text line 37), a canal; same as joḍa and joṭī or joḍī. Note: joṭikā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jotika (जोतिक):—m. Name of a family, [???]

[Sanskrit to German]

Jotiya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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