Jnati, Jñāti: 12 definitions



Jnati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Jñāti (ज्ञाति).—Hereditary social and occupational group, sometimes a subdivision of jāti and sometimes synonymous with it. Note: Jñāti is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jñāti (ज्ञाति) refers to “kinsmen”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.40.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] after going beyond Alakā, the capital of the king of Yakṣas and the Saugandhika park, they saw the fig-tree of Śiva. [...] Beneath that vaṭa of yogic potentialities, Viṣṇu and other Devas saw Śiva seated. [...] He was being attended upon by his friend Kubera, the lord of Guhyakas and Rakṣas and particularly by his attendants and kinsmen (i.e., jñāti)”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Jñāti (ज्ञाति, “relative”).—According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV), “all beings obtained the mind of equanimity (samacitta) by thinking of one another with the feelings one would feel (for example) for one’s relatives (jñāti)”.

In the course of innumerable generations, all beings have been one’s relatives (jñāti), father, mother, elder brother, younger brother, elder sister, younger sister and relative. Furthermore, according to the true nature (satyalakṣaṇa) of dharmas, there is no father or mother, no elder or younger brother; but people who are submerged in the error of self believe in their existence and thus there is the question of father and mother, elder and younger brother. Therefore it is not a lie when, by virtue of a wholesome mind (kuśalacitta), we consider one another with the feelings we would feel (for example) for one’s relatives (jñāti).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jñāti (ज्ञाति).—f (S) Caste or tribe: also genus, species, or kind: also a caste or tribe, or a genus, species, or kind.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jñāti (ज्ञाति).—[jñā-ktic]

1) A paternal relation, a father, brother &c.; agnate relatives collectively.

2) A kinsman or kindred in general.

3) A distant kinsman who is not entitled to the oblations offered to deceased ancestors.

4) A father.

Derivable forms: jñātiḥ (ज्ञातिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jñāti (ज्ञाति).—m.

(-tiḥ) 1. A father. 2. A kinsman in general. 3. A distant kinsman, one who does not participate in the oblations of food or water offered to deceased ancestors. E. jñā to know, affix karttari karaṇe vā ktic; who is known, an acquaintance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jñāti (ज्ञाति).—i. e. jan + ā + tī, m. A paternal relation, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 132.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jñāti (ज्ञाति).—[masculine] near relation, kinsman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jñāti (ज्ञाति):—[from jñā] m. ‘intimately acquainted’ (cf. [Gothic] knōdi), a near relation (‘paternal relation’ [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] and [Scholiast or Commentator]; cf. sam-bandhin), kinsman, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda xii, 5, 44; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa ietc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jñāti (ज्ञाति):—(tiḥ) 2. m. A father; a kinsman; a distant kinsman.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Jñāti (ज्ञाति):—

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Jñāti (ज्ञाति):—, jñātiścedanalena kim [Spr. 785. 4170.] karman die Sache —, das Geschäft eines Verwandten [GOBH. 2, 1, 10.] bhāva Verwandtschaft [Spr. 1997.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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