Jivin, Jīvin: 12 definitions


Jivin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Jīvin (जीविन्) refers to “one who lives”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the Moon (candra) should be eclipsed by Ketu she will destroy prosperity, health and plenty. Artisans will perish [i.e., āyudha-jīvin-vināśa] and thieves will suffer greatly. If while the moon is eclipsed, she be crossed by the fall of a meteor, that prince will die in the star of whose nativity the moon then happens to be”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Jīvin (जीविन्) refers to “living beings”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 22).—Accordingly, “Now, as the Buddha said to the Upāsaka Nandika, the killing of living beings has ten punishments. What are these ten? [...] Moreover, the ascetic says to himself: ‘All living beings (jīvin),= including insects (kṛmi) hold onto their life. Why clothe and feed oneself if, for one’s own existence, one kills living beings?’ [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Jīvin, (adj.) (usually —°) living, leading a life (of ... ) S. I, 42, 61; Sn. 88, 181; Dh. 164; PvA. 27. Cp. dīgha°, dhamma°. (Page 285)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jīvin (जीविन्).—a. (- f.) [जीव् -णिनि, जिव-इनि वा (jīv -ṇini, jiva-ini vā)] (Generally at the end of comp.)

1) Living, alive, existing; R.1.63.

2) Living upon or by; शस्त्रजीविन्, आयुधजीविन् (śastrajīvin, āyudhajīvin) &c. -m. A living being.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvin (जीविन्).—mfn. (-vī-vinī-vi) Alive, living, animate, a living being. E. jīva, and ṇini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvin (जीविन्).—[jīv + in], I. adj., f. . 1. Living, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 246. 2. Subsisting on, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 9, 61; especially latter part of comp. words, e. g. kṛṣi-, adj. Supporting one’s self by tillage, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 165. Ii. m. A living being, [Pañcatantra] 68, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvin (जीविन्).—[adjective] alive, living on or by ([locative] or —°); [masculine] living creature.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jīvin (जीविन्):—[from jīv] mfn. ifc. living (a particular period or at a certain time or in a certain way), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] living on or by ([locative case] [Harivaṃśa 4555; Rāmāyaṇa i, 9, 61] or in [compound]), [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra iii; Manu-smṛti] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] (also, ‘vivifying’), [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a living being, [Pañcatantra i, 11, 0/1; Brahmavaivarta-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvin (जीविन्):—[(vī-vinī-vi) a.] Living.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jīvin (जीविन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jīvi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jivin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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