Jivadatta, Jīvādatta, Jiva-adatta: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Jivadatta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Jivadatta in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Jīvadatta (जीवदत्त) is the name of a merchant who stopped Yavanasena from committing suicide, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 36. Accordingly, as Yavanasena said to Rājadattā, “... and while I was constructing with the fuel a funeral pyre, in order that I might enter the flame, a certain merchant named Jīvadatta happened to come there; that merciful man dissuaded me from suicide, and gave me food, and as he was preparing to go in a ship to Svarṇadvīpa he took me on board with him”.

2) Jīvadatta (जीवदत्त) is the name of a Brāhman from Dakṣiṇāpatha (the Deccan), desirous of obtaining Anaṅgarati, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 52. Accordingly, “... I am an excellent Brāhman named Jīvadatta; by means of the sciences which I possess by the favour of Gaurī, I can raise to life a dead woman”.

Jīvadatta is also mentioned in the ninth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 83. Accordingly, as Jīvadatta said to king Vīradeva: “... I am a Brāhman, named Jīvadatta, and I possess the following art: I can restore to life dead creatures, and exhibit them alive; so let this maiden obtain for a husband me, who am renowned for daring exploits”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Jīvadatta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Jivadatta in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Jīvādatta (जीवादत्त) refers to “what is not granted by a living creature”, and represents one of the fourfold classification of adatta (not-given), according to Devagupta’s Nava-pada-prakaraṇa (with Laghu-vṛtti). Example of jīvādatta: “animal products not given by the slaughtered animal or even a fruit (which has not been given by the jīva inhabiting it)”.

The classification of adatta is related to the asteya-vrata (vow of not stealing). The Śvetāmbara writers generally preface any discussion of stealing (steya or caurya or more generally adattādana, “the taking of what has not been given”) by fourfold classification of adatta (eg., jīva-adatta).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jivadatta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvadatta (जीवदत्त).—[masculine] [Name] of a man.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Jīvadatta (जीवदत्त) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Quoted by Lakṣmīdāsa Cambr. 54.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvadatta (जीवदत्त):—[=jīva-datta] [from jīva > jīv] m. Name of a man, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Jīvadatta (जीवदत्त):—m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes [Kathāsaritsāgara 52, 104. 83, 29.] ka [52, 257.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Jīvadatta (जीवदत्त):—m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes. Auch ka m.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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