Jiraka, Jīraka: 10 definitions
Jiraka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Jīraka (जीरक).—One of the eight Saubhāgyams.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 60. 27.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Jīraka (जीरक) refers to “cumin seed” and is mentioned in a list of remedies for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., bakula fruit (Mimusops elengi) or bakulaphala]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., jīraka (cumin seed)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā
Jīraka (जीरक) refers to the medicinal plant Cuminum cyminum L., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal. The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Jīraka] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.
The plant Cuminum cyminum L. (Jīraka) is also known as Śvetajīraka according to both the Ayurvedic Formulary and the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Jīraka (जीरक) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Cuminum cyminum Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning jīraka] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism
Jīraka (जीरक)—One of the field-crops mentioned in the Jātakas.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
jīraka : (nt.) cummin seed.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
1) Jīraka, 2 cummin-seed Miln. 63; J. I, 244; II, 363; VvA. 186. (Page 284)
2) Jīraka, 1 (Vedic jīra, lively, alert, cp. jīvati & Gr. dierόs, Lat. viridis) digestion, in ajīrakena by want or lack of digestion J. II, 181. See ajīraka. (Page 284)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Jīraka (जीरक).—Cumin-seed; अजमोदां च बाह्लीकं जीरकं लोध्रकं तथा (ajamodāṃ ca bāhlīkaṃ jīrakaṃ lodhrakaṃ tathā) Śiva. B.3.18.
Derivable forms: jīrakaḥ (जीरकः).
See also (synonyms): jīraṇa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ) Cumin seed. E. kan added to the preceding.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Jīraka (जीरक):—[from jīra] m. n. = raṇa, [Suśruta i; iv, 5, 35]
2) [v.s. ...] [vi; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā li, 15]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+18): Kanajiraka, Sthulajiraka, Shvetajiraka, Dirghajiraka, Ajiraka, Jirika, Gaurajaji, Gaurajiraka, Jirana, Krishnajiraka, Ashtacurna, Saktu, Pippalyadi, Prithuka, Apupa, Nallajirakam, Yusa, Kushmanda, Panasa, Kadali.
Search found 7 books and stories containing Jiraka, Jīraka; (plurals include: Jirakas, Jīrakas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter XLVII - Symptoms and Treatment of Alcoholism (Panatyaya) < [Canto III - Kaya-chikitsa-tantra (internal medicine)]
Chapter LVIII - Symptoms and Treatment of suppression of Urine (Mutra-ghata) < [Canto III - Kaya-chikitsa-tantra (internal medicine)]
Chapter LII - Symptoms and Treatment of Cough (Kasa) < [Canto III - Kaya-chikitsa-tantra (internal medicine)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CXX - The Rambha Trtiya Vratam < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Chapter CXCIII - Medical treatment of fever etc < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 1: Sutrasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)