Jiraka, Jīraka: 10 definitions

Introduction

Jiraka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Jīraka (जीरक).—One of the eight Saubhāgyams.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 60. 27.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Jīraka (जीरक) refers to “cumin seed” and is mentioned in a list of remedies for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., bakula fruit (Mimusops elengi) or bakulaphala]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., jīraka (cumin seed)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Jīraka (जीरक) refers to the medicinal plant Cuminum cyminum L., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Jīraka] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant Cuminum cyminum L. (Jīraka) is also known as Śvetajīraka according to both the Ayurvedic Formulary and the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Jīraka (जीरक) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Cuminum cyminum Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning jīraka] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Jīraka (जीरक)—One of the field-crops mentioned in the Jātakas.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jīraka : (nt.) cummin seed.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Jīraka, 2 cummin-seed Miln. 63; J. I, 244; II, 363; VvA. 186. (Page 284)

2) Jīraka, 1 (Vedic jīra, lively, alert, cp. jīvati & Gr. dierόs, Lat. viridis) digestion, in ajīrakena by want or lack of digestion J. II, 181. See ajīraka. (Page 284)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jīraka (जीरक).—Cumin-seed; अजमोदां च बाह्लीकं जीरकं लोध्रकं तथा (ajamodāṃ ca bāhlīkaṃ jīrakaṃ lodhrakaṃ tathā) Śiva. B.3.18.

Derivable forms: jīrakaḥ (जीरकः).

See also (synonyms): jīraṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīraka (जीरक).—m.

(-kaḥ) Cumin seed. E. kan added to the preceding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jīraka (जीरक):—[from jīra] m. n. = raṇa, [Suśruta i; iv, 5, 35]

2) [v.s. ...] [vi; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā li, 15]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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