Jha: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Jha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Jha (झ).—A verbal ending of the 3rd pers. Atm. for ल (la) (i.e. लकार (lakāra)); cf P.III.4. 78;for the letter झ्, अन्त् (jh, ant) is substituted; cf. झोन्तः (jhontaḥ) P. VIII.1.3, but ईरे (īre) in the perfect tense; cf. P. III. 4.81 and रन् (ran) in the potential and benedictive moods; cf. P. III. 4.85.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Jha (झ).—This syllable means 'famous'. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 348).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jha (झ).—The ninth consonant, and the aspirate of the preceding letter. It, like ja, has two sounds, for the discrimination of which see the observations under ज. The first may be represented by jh; the second by dz aspirated or dzh.

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jhā (झा) [or झां, jhāṃ].—ind & f See jhyā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jha (झ).—The ninth consonant, and the aspirate of the preceding letter.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jha (झ).—a.

1) Asleep, sleeping.

2) Lost, destroyed.

-jhaḥ 1 Beating time.

2) Jingling, clanking or any similar sound.

3) Wind accompanied by rain.

4) Name of Bṛhaspati.

5) A thing lost or mislaid.

6) A hurricane.

7) Number nine.

-jhā The descent of a cascade, waterfall; cf. झो हस्तो, झा योनिः (jho hasto, jhā yoniḥ) and झं मैथुनमिति स्मृतम् (jhaṃ maithunamiti smṛtam) Enm.; cf. also झः पुमान् श्रमणे नष्टे प्रतापे हंसचोरयोः (jhaḥ pumān śramaṇe naṣṭe pratāpe haṃsacorayoḥ) Nm.

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Jha (झ).—1 P. (jhamati) To eat, consume.

Derivable forms: jham (झम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jha (झ).—The ninth consonant of the Deva Nagara alphabet; the aspirate of the preceding letter, and corresponding in power to Jh.

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Jha (झ).—mfn. (jhaḥ jhā jhaṃ) 1. Asleep, sleeping. 2. Lost, destroyed. m. (jhaḥ) 1. A name of Vrihaspati, preceptor of the gods. 2. A name of the chief of the Daityas or demons. 3. Sound or a sort of sound like the splashing of water, or the classing of cymbals, jangling, clanging, &c. 4. High wind. 5. A stray, a thing lost or mislaid. 6. Playing a tune, beating time. f. (jhā) The descent of a cascade, a water fall. E. jhaṭa to collect, affix ḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jha (झ):—1. jha the 9th consonant (aspirate of the preceding). =

2) 2. jha mfn. asleep, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) m. playing a tune, beating time, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) a sound like the splashing of water or clashing of symbols, jingling, clanking, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) wind accompanied by rain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) anything lost or mislaid, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Bṛhaspati, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Name of a chief of the Daityas, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) = jhaṇṭīśa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Jhā (झा):—[from jha] f. a water-fall, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jha (झ):—jh The aspirate of the preceding.

2) (jhaḥ) 1. m. Vrihashpati; chief of the demon’s; sound. f. (jhā) A water-fall. a. Asleep; lost.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jha (झ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jha (झ) [Also spelled jh]:——the fourth letter of the second pentad (i.e. [cavarga]) of the Devnagri: alphabet.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Jha (झ) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Jha.

2) Jhā (झा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dhyai.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jha (ಝ):—[noun] (gen. pronounced with the vowel 'ಅ') the twenty-third letter of Kannaḍa alphabet and the ninth consonant.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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